Sunday, August 23, 2009

How to tackle Deadly Disease Swine Flu

As you are aware a lot of information is in the media regarding Swine Flu. All of you may be aware with lot of miracles of Ziyarat-e-Ashura but just as a reminder I have quoted one miracle which is related deadly disease spreading among all the people with no cure. At this point in time their directions to us are as have been previously advised mainly: 1. Recite Ziyarat-e-Ashura regulary & ask the family members. If you have flu like symptoms and/ or a temprature, cough etc do not go to work.. See a doctor and wait until you are better before resuming work The best way to prevent getting sick is to observe good hygiene. Be sure to wash your hands frequently. Avoid touching your face, and if you do, be sure your hands are clean.. Also avoid people who are obviously sick. Carry a handkerchief and cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough Don’t assume because you are unwell that you have Swine Flu. This may create panic amongst your famly and work collegues. See a doctor and follow their advice. unnessary panic. Miracle of Ziarate Ashoora (Best remedy for any type of plague/Flu) Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) recounts, ‘O Safwaan! When you are confronted with some adversity, then seek redressal of your grievances from Imam Hussain (a.s.) through the Aamaal of Ashoora. Allah has pledged the fulfillment of demands with this Ziarat and Allah never reneges on His word’. Hardships and afflictions no matter how severe, can be remedied by reciting Ziarate Ashoora for forty successive days. Records of people’s experiences actually testify to the authenticity of this tradition. Renowned Shia scholars have recited this Ziarat regularly. They have reaped incalculable benefits through its recitation and have always resorted to it in moments of distress. There are many such miracles but have quoted just one which is related to the disease spread among the people and which shows the significance of Ziyrat e Ashura. 1) Respite from plague Ayatullah Haj Shaikh Abdul Karim Haaeri Yazdi (founder of the Hauze-Ilmiyya in Qom) narrates, ‘It was the period of my education in the Hauze Ilmiyya in Samarra. There was an epidemic in the city that had taken in its wake many victims. One day, all the scholars had assembled at Ayatullah Sayyed Muhammad Fasharki (r.a.)’s residence, the latter being my teacher. Then unexpectedly, Ayatullah Mirza Muhammad Taqi Shirazi (r.a.) entered the house. His stature was no less than that of Ayatullah Fasharki (r.a.). There was a round of general discussion and the scholars started deliberating on the epidemic and how at the rate it was claiming lives, it would very soon wipe out the entire city. In the midst of this discussion Ayatullah Fasharki (r.a.) rose, and asked, ‘Do you all acknowledge me as the Mujtahid? Then If I impose a decree upon you, will you act according to it?’ We all replied emphatically, ‘Yes! Indeed you are the Mujtahid.’ Then Ayatullah Fasharki (r.a.) addressed the audience and declared, ‘I command the Shias of Sammarah to recite Ziarate Ashoora for a period of ten days. Then offer the reward of this recitation to the mother of Imame Zamaana (may our souls be sacrificed for him), Janabe Nargis Khatoon (s.a.). Then beseech her to present our case to her son Hazrat Valiul Asr, so that Imam (a.s.) shields us from the malady.’ Ayatullah Fasharki (r.a.) relates further, ‘I assure the person security from the plague, if he recites Ziarate Ashoora.’ Since it was a matter of life and death, the entire Shia population followed Ayatullah Fasharki’s recommendation and began reciting this Ziarat. Miraculously, with the recitation of the Ziarat, the plague subsided and the mo’mineen were spared. But this phenomenon was observed only among the Shias, as the Ahle Sunnah continued to fall prey to this malady. Everyday, the plague claimed at least one from the Ahle Sunnah. They were defenseless, as this ailment was without a cure. Before long, they realized that the plague was claiming only their members, while the Shias were somehow reprieved. In order to hide their embarrassment, they started conducting the burial of their dead in the middle of the night. When one of the Ahle Sunnah inquired from the Shias, the reason behind their miraculous reprieve, the latter revealed their secret of Ziarate Ashoora. Then the Ahle Sunnah too undertook recitation of this Ziarat. And this Ziarat’s enigmatic prowess was manifested when they also started receiving respite from the dreaded plague. In fact, some of them used to visit the shrines of Imam Ali Naqi (a.s.) and Imam Hasan Askari (a.s.) and began confessing: ‘We recite the very Ziarat for you that is recited by your Shias.’ Shaykh Abdul Kareem (r.a.) observes that on reciting this Ziarat, Shias and Ahle Sunnah both became immune to this plague. We Pray to Allah s.w.t to save all the Believers Men/Women & seek the protection from the Hazrat-e-Sahebuzzaman (a.t.f.s) to protect under his shield from all the diseases and especially this deadly disease.

Fasting have been Made Mandatory

Fasting, Piousness and Closeness to Allah (SWT)::Quran Believers, fasting have been made mandatory for you as it was made mandatory for the people before you, so that you may have fear of Allah. (The holy Quran, 2:183) There are several passages in both the New Testament and Old Testament that discuss the greatness and importance of fasting. Even today we witness Jews and Christians to fast an optional number of days in a year by refraining from meat, milk or other foods. We also notice fasting in the story of Zachariah and Maryam (Mary) in the Holy Quran whom made a fast of speech. Apart from the examples present in the scriptures, fasting can even be seen in ancient atheist tribes such as Egyptians, Greeks, Romans and idol-worshipers of India had a practice of fasting. Hence, fasting is understood by human nature as an act that brings them closer to their Creator and Lord. For instance, the idol-worshipers used to fast in order to repent and reduce the anger of their idols after committing any sin. They also used to fast when they had a specific request from idols. This action was a deal between them. The worshiper attempted to achieve his/her request by fulfilling the needs of the idols. However, the act of fasting in Islam is not considered as a treaty between people and their Lord. Allah the Almighty is the Creator of the whole universe and is far from any need or imperfection. Therefore, just as the result of sin returns back to the sinner himself, similarly the benefits of worship return back to the worshiper himself, "We told you if you do good, it will be for your own benefit, but if you do bad, it will be against your souls" (The holy Quran, 17:7). Allah (SWT) reminds us in the Holy Quran (2:183) that the result of fasting is piety. Because of their fitra-a soul that was inspired with the faculty of knowing what is evil and what is good- humans have an understanding that if they want to reach a high status of spirituality, then they should stay away from aspects of useless pure desire. They should consider themselves more valuable than to set a materialistic life as their utmost goal. In other words, humans should make sure to keep away from things that prevent them from Allah (SWT). And purity (Taqwa) is gained through fasting and avoiding carnal desires. The simplest and most effective spiritual diet, that is both beneficial for this life and the hereafter, is to avoid the lust of hunger and sex. If a person continues to avoid these lusts, he will gradually control of himself from committing sins. Then he will have strength to stand against sin, for, he who accepts this invitation and stays away from lawful acts of eating and drinking will become more obedient in avoiding sins. (Selected from al-Mizan Interpretation, under the verse 183 of Surah al-Baqarah)

Friday, August 21, 2009

Start of 9th Islamic Month of Ramazan-ul-Mubarak 1430 A.H.

Some important events of this month are as follows: 7th - Death of Hazrat Abu Talib(a.s.) (possible date) 10th - Death of Hazrat Khadija(a.s.) 11th - Moakhat - Brotherhood between Muhajireen and Ansaar 13th, 14th and 15th - Ayyam-e-Bayz - the bright days 15th - Birth of Imam Hasan(a.s.) - the 2nd Holy Imam - (3 A.H.) 17th - Victory at Battle of Badr - (2 A.H.) 19th Evening - First probable night of Qadr - Shab-e-Qadr 19th - Youm-e-Zarbat - Imam Ali(a.s.) got injured from attack during prayers (40 A.H.) 20th – Conquest of Makkah (8 A.H.) 21st Evening - Second probable night of Qadr - Shab-e-Qadr 21st - Shahadat of Imam Ali(a.s.) - (40 A.H.) 23rd Evening - Third probable night of Qadr - Shab-e-Qadr 27th Evening - Another probable night of Qadr - Shab-e-Qadr 28th September - Jumatul Wida - last Friday of Ramazan-ul-Mubarak - International day of Quds

Wednesday, August 12, 2009

JOBS - Copy / Language Editors

There are certain very good opportunities with one of our Education department in Oracle, Bangalore. Skills Required: - Should have extensively worked in Copy / Language Editing - Strong experience in correcting Grammar and Spellings. - Should have an eye for details - Experience in Newspaper industry would be preferred. Exp: 2 +yrs Qualification: Graduate or Post Graduate in English, Mass communication or Journalism will be preferred. Do send in your updated CV along with your contact numbers on a priority basis @ sneha.chitradurgAToracle.com. We could have further discussion on the requirement once I have your resume. I’d appreciate if you could refer few of your friends or colleague’s working on the same platform along with their contact numbers. PS: ONLY Bangalore based candidates need to apply. This vacancy will expire after 12 days.

Thursday, August 06, 2009

Aamal of 15th shabaan Neema-a-Shabaan

If you want to read in big font; just click on this image

Aamal of Neema-a-Shabaan (15 Shabaan)

Imam Zain-al-Abideen(a.s.) said that if someone wishes to meet the souls of the One Hundred Twenty Four Thousand Prophets, he/she should recite the ziarat of Imam Hussain(a.s.) during this night . Since it is the night of the birth of Imam Zamana(a.s.), it is recommended to recite the ziarat of Imam Zamana(a.s.) as well. The following dua is equivalent to the Ziarat of Imam Zamana(a.s.) and is recommended to be recited during this night. ALLAHUMMA BIHAQQE LAILATINA HAZEHI WA MOULUDIHA WA HUJ-JATIKA WA MO-OODIHAL LATI QARANTA ILA FADLIHA FADLAN FA-TAMMAT KALIMATUKA SIDQAN WA ADLAN LA MUBAD-DIL BI-KALIMATIKA WA LA MOAQ-QIBA LI-AYATIKA NURU-KAL MUTA-AL-LIQU WA ZIYA-UKAL MUSHRIKU WAL ALAMUN-NOORU FI TAKHYA-ID-DAIJOORIL GHA-IBUL MASTOOR JAL-LA MAOLIDUHU WA KARUMA MUHTIDUHU WAL MALA-IKATU SHUH-HADUHU WAL LAHUY NASIRUHU WA MU-AI-YIDUHU IZA AANA MIAADUHU WAL MALA-IKATU AMDADUHU SAIFULLAHIL LAZI LA YANBU WA NOORUHUL LAZI LA YAKHBU WA ZUL HILMIL LAZI LA YASBU MADARUD DAHRI WA NAWAMISUL ASRI WA WULATUL AMRI WAL MUNAZ-ZALU ALAIHIMUZ ZIKRU WA MA YANZILU FI LAILATIL QADRI WA ASHABUL HASHRI WA AN NIASHRI TARAJIMATU WAH-YIHI WA WULATU AMRIHI WA NAHYIHIALLA HUMMA FA SAL-LE ALA KHATIMIHIM WA QAA-IMIHIMUL MASTOORI AN AWALIMIHIM WA ADRIK BINA AY-YAMAHI WA ZAHOORAHU WA QIYAMAHU WAJ ALNA MIN ANSARIHI WAQRIN SARANA BISARIHI WAKTUBNA FI AAWANIHI WA KHULASA-IHI WA AHYINA FI DAOLATIHI NA-IMEENA WA BISUHBATIHI GHANIMEENA WA BIHAQQIHI QAAIMEENA WA MINAS SOO-I SALIMEENA YA ARHAMAR RAHIMEENA WAL HAMDU LILLAHI RAB BIL AALAMEENA WA SALLE ALA MOHAMMADIN KHATAMIN NABEEYEENA WAL MURSALEENA WA ALA AHLI BAITIHIS SADIQEENA WA ITRATIHIN NATIQEENA WAL AN JAMEE AZ ZALIMEENA WAHKUM BAINANA WA BAINAHUM YA AHKAMAL HAKIMEEN It is recommended to recite 4 Rakaat prayer in this night and in each rakat recite :- one time Sura-e-Hamd and - 100 times Sura Tawheed (Qul ho Allaho ahad) . This prayer should be followed by the following Dua : ALLAHUMA INNI ILAIKA FAQEERUN WA MIN AZABIKA KHAYEFUN WA BIKA MUSTAJEERUN RABBI LA TUBADDIL ISMI WA LA TUGHAYYER JISMI RABBI LA TAJHAD BALAYI RABBI LA TUSHMIT BIYAL AADAYI AAOOZO BI-AFWIKA MIN IQABIKA WA AAOOZO BIREHMATEKA MIN AZABIKA WA AAOOZO BIRIZAKA MIN SAKHTIKA WA AAOOZO BIKA MINKA JALLA SANAAOKA ANTA KAMA ASNEITA ALA NAFSIKA WA FAUQA MA YAQOOLUL QAEELOONA FEEKA Imam Mohammad Baqir(a.s.) said that whoever recites :100 times "Subhan Allah",100 times "Alhamd-o-lillah", 100 times "Allaho Akbar" and100 times "La ilaha il-Allah" during this night, Allah(swt) will forgive his/her previous sins and will accept his/her prayers. It is also recommended to recite :10 Rakaat prayer in sets of 2 Rakaat each. In each Rakat recite once Sura-e-Hamd and 10 times Sura Tawheed (Qul ho Allaho ahad). After each 2 Rakat set offer Sajda and recite this Dua : ALLAHUMMA LAKA SAJADA SAWADI WA KHAYALI WA BAYADI YA AZEEMA KULLE AZEEMIN IGHFIRLI ZAMBI-AL AZEEMA FA INNAHU LA YAGHFIRU-HU GHAIRUKA YA AZEEMO Best Dua during this night is "Dua-e-Kumail" and “Dua-e-Nudba”. In addition, recite Quran and other virtuous duas as you deem necessary and ask for the forgiveness of past sins and the betterment of the future.

15th of Shaban 1430 A.H. Mubrak...Areeza for You

AsSalam-o-Alaikum, 15th of Shaban 1430 A.H. – Zahoor-e-pur noor of the last Wasi of Prophet Mohammad(sawaw), Allah(swt) hujjat on earth and the Imam-e-Asr waz-Zaman, Imam Mohammad Mehdi(atfs) ibn-e-Imam Hasan Askari(a.s.). On this occasion of happiness, I wish to extend my profound felicitations and greetings to the Prophet Mohammad(sawaw), Imam-e-Zamana(a.s.), the Ahl-e-Bait(a.s.) and to all Momineen and Mominaat. Here is Areeza for you. Please make sure to send your Hajat (your wishes) to our beloved Imam. Ask people who don't have printed areeza with them - you copy from here and give them prints. Towards the end of the night, Momineen and Mominaat usually present their griefs, worries and desires to the last Imam Mohammad Mehdi(a.s.) called "AREEZA" which is in fact a letter to the Imam(a.s.). This letter is written with a lot of love and affection using Safron as ink and is traditionally wrapped up in flour or pure soil and sprinkled with scents (Itar) and is thrown in a river with the intention that it reaches our beloved Imam-e-Zamana(a.s.). In the name of Allah the Beneficent, the Merciful. I have written to you O my Master, may His mercy and blessing be on you, seeking a favour from you. I have complained to you for what has happened to me seeking solutions firstly from Allah and then from you for a matter that has obsessed me. I am helpless in combating the problem and for that I have resorted to seeking help from Allah and from you, knowing the status you have with Allah. I am confident that you will help me get the solution to my problems swiftly and that you will intercede on my behalf. I am helpless and moreover I am sinful, so help O my master and present this problem to Allah and I pray to Him that He will solve this quickly and grant me victory and success in finding the solution to my problems. (Write your hajjat here) am not able to carry or bear with it. Although I am responsible for the increase of my sins and ignorant about my responsibilities ( Wajibats ) from Allah which are given to me. So help me O my Master peace be upon you during this time of problems and sorrow present my prayers to Allah before I compensate and before my enemies engulfs me, for you have shown me your blessings. So I pray to Allah for great salvation and near victory with calmness from fears. For all Allah is most high and does what he wants. Allah is sufficient for me from the beginning and in my hopes. Whatever Allah wishes there is no strength nor any power except in Allah the high, the great. (When dropping the Ariza in the sea, we normally recite the following addressing Husayn bin Rawh, the third Naib of the 12th Imam A.S. ) O Husayn bin Rawh, Salamun Alaykum, I bear witness you died in the path of Allah and ( hence ) you are alive and are sustained by Allah I am addressing you in your "life"which you lead with Allah - this is my note and wishes to the Master of the Era (the 12th Imam A.S). So please hand it over to him for you are indeed trustworthy।

Monday, August 03, 2009

15th Night of Shabâan & Doa al Kumail‏

- By Qazi Dr. Shaikh Abbas Borhany PhD (USA), N.D.I., Shahadat al Aalamiyah (Najaf-Iraq) , M.A, LLM (Shariah)  1). Fortune Would be Change on 15th Night of Shabâan: In “Tarikh al Umam wal Mulukâ€�, vol. No 2, page No 416 ‘Tabari’ has mentioned that following Ayah was appeared on 15th day of Shab’an when Rasulullah(S) was offering Salaat al Zuhur: “Verily, we see the turning of your face to heaven, so we shall turn you to a Qiblah which you will like. So turn your face towards Masjid al Har’am; and wherever you are, turn your face toward itâ€�. (Ayah No 144 of Surah Al Baqarah- No. 2) Direction of the Qiblah was changed in-between the Salaat from Bait al Maqdis to Kabah.  9th Al Dai al Fatemi, Syedna Ali bin Syedna Husain (d. 682[A.H], Sanaa, Yemen) has written “Risalah al Kamilah Fee Salasah Layalil Fazilahâ€� on the importance of 3 nights in Islam. He divided this Risalah in to three chapters, in which he dealt with esoteric importance of the three important nights: 27th Rajab, 15th Shab’an and 23rd Ramazan-Lailat al Qadar, as per Fatemi Ismaili Lunar Calendar. This Risalah also explained the concept of special Nawafil Salaat offered on these occasions. The Dai discussed the enigmatic Tafsir of Ayah No.144, Surah No.2-Al Baqarah in regard to 15th Night of Shab’an, which open vistas of understanding for divers of the deep ocean of ‘ilm al Ruhani.  A Doa exclusive for 15th night of Shab’an draws our attention to deeply consider on its wordings. Learned compiler of the Doa says: "ilahee In Kunta Katabtani Fee Ummul Kitabay Indaka Shaqiyan Faqiran Faamhu Anni Ismal Faqray Wal Shaqawatay Wa Asbitnee Indaka Saeedan Ghaniya,Wa In Kunta Katabtani Fee Ummul Kitabay Indaka Mahruman Muqataran Aleya Rizqee Faamhu Anni Hirmani Wa Taqtira Rizqee" (O Allah! If you have mentioned my name in Ummul Kitaab as unfortunate and scarce than remove it. If unlucky and fateful, then fix my name in your record as prosperous, happy and independent one. And if you have mentioned my name in Ummul Kitaab as a poor person, who's Rizaq has shrunk than increase my Rizaq). Qur’an says: "Allah will remove what He wishes and continue and He has Ummul Kitaab". (Surah Raad-No.13, Ayah No. 39)   2). Less-fortune Ignored Night of 15th of Shab’an: Hadith Literature has provided guidance to those who refuse to realize the importance of this great night, and offers an opportunity to repent on their Jahalat. A narration from one of the wives of Rasulullah(S) is as follows: “One night, which was the 15th of Shab’an, I did not find Rasulullah(S) in the house so I went in search of him. After a long search, I found him in Jannat al Baqi (the burial place of dignitaries of Islam in Madinah, which has been destroyed by the current regime), offering Doa for the deceased and praying for their forgivenessâ€�. (Baihaqi) Number of Ash’ab transmitted following Hadith: “Allah looks upon His creation on the middle of the night of Sha’ban, and He forgives all of His creations, except for a Mushrik or a quarreler.â€� Rasulullah(S) said: “During the Night of 15th Shab’an Allah takes decisions in the matters of sustenance, life and death and welfare of the peopleâ€�. Next to the “Night of Qadrâ€�, the night of 15th Shab’an is the most auspicious night. According to the Abi Jafar Imam Mohammad al Baqir and Abi Abdillah Imam Jafar Assadiq, Allah has promised to fulfill every legitimate desire put forward to Him tonight. During this night Allah bestows on His people from His bounty & forgives them out of His grace & generosity.  Keep awake this night in Ibadat and encourage your family members as also your near and dear ones to do so in order to get closer to Allah through their Ibadat since this is a noble night.   3). Injunction of the Qur’an Regarding 15th Night of Shab’an: Prior to discussion of Doa al Kumail; introduction of Syedi Kumail is essential. Syedi Kumail bin Ziyad bin Nahid bin Haysam bin S’ad bin Malik bin Nakhai, born in 18 (A.H), was head of his tribe in Kufah, Iraq. He was a Muttaqi and a reliable Reporter of Hadith. He was a true friend and learned pupil of Amir al Mumineen. A person of exemplary nature, he refined himself to the highest degree by following Rasulullah(S) . Nabavi Tarbiyah and Alavi Talim shined him like a lustrous Ruby. He became the Governor of Heet, Iraq, during the time of Ali, in the year 35-40 (A.H.). Amir al Mumineen instructed him on the general characteristics of a Muslim ruler.  There are a few precise nights, when Allah throws open the doors of Rahmat for humankind. Night of 15th Shab’an is one of those specific chosen nights of Barak’at, when Doa is granted. Amir al Mumineen Ali Ibn Abi Talib taught a Doa to his very close Sahabi, Syedi Kumail Ibn Ziyad al Nakhaee. Shaikh Abu Jafar Mohammad ibn Hasan Tusi has recorded in his famous book, “Misbah al Mutahjjidâ€�: Syedi Kumail narrates that one night Ash’ab of Ali gathered at Masjid al Basrah, one of the Ashaab asked Ali, O Amir al Mumineen! Explain to us the meaning of the Ayah: “Feeha Yufraqu Kullu Amrin Hakimâ€� (On that night all divine instructions are given)? (Surat al Dukh’an, Ayah No. 4) Ali explained that it is the night of 15th Shab’an Wallah! For people budgets (financial resources) are determined, from this night to the coming 15th Shab’an. Wallah! A Mumin who performs Ibadat is blessed with Barak’at and then they saw the Master of the sword, “Zulfiq’arâ€� recite Doa al Kumail. Ash’ab of Ali then returned to their homes, but Syedi Kumail knocked at the door of Ali. Without asking who was on the door, Ali said: “Kumail! What brings you at this late hour of night?â€� Kumail replied: “O Amir al Mumineen! I have come to learn Doa al Khizarâ€�. Sole Trustee of ‘ilm al Nabi, Ali ibn Abi Talib bestowed tidings to Kumail: "Allah may protect you from the evils of the enemies and the plots contrived by impostors. O' Kumail! In consideration of your companionship and understanding, I grant you this honor of entrusting this Doa to youâ€�. As Syedi Kumail becomes the source of transmission of this Doa, therefore, Doa al Khizar is also known as Doa al Kumail. This Doa should be recited every Lailat al Jumuah (night between Thursday & Friday). If not possible, recite once a month, on any Jumuah night. If not possible, recite it on the night of 15th Shab’an; if not possible then, at least, recite once in a lifetime. Amir al Mumineen Ali said: “Whosoever keeps awake in Ibadat on night of 15th Shab’an and recites Doa al Khizar, undoubtedly that person's Haj’at will be granted by Allahâ€�. To seek fulfillment of legitimate desires, recite it after Farz Salaat, until the desire is fulfilled. It guarantees safety from the intrigues of enemies, multiplies means of livelihood, and sins are forgiven.â€�  Reciting this Doa with conviction awakens human soul and will invoke Rehmat of Allah. “Al Sahifah al Alaviyahâ€� is read around the world and people are benefited according to their belief and level of understanding. Syedi Kumail spent 18 long years under the divine umbrella of Rasulullah(S) . He was blessed with Shahadat, as predicted by Amir al Mumineen Ali. When the tyrant Hajjaj was appointed governor of Iraq, he searched for Kumail, whose only crime was his devotion to Ahl al Bait. Kumail went into seclusion, but when he learnt that Hajjaj had made life difficult for his family and relatives, and put a total ban on food, he came out of seclusion. It was below his dignity that his relatives should suffer because of him.. He appeared before Hajjaj Saqafi who threatened to kill him. Syedi Kumail replied: “Do whatever you wish; my Master has already informed me that you will be my killer. Soon we both will appear in the court of Allahâ€�. Hajjaj Saqafi instructed the executioner to cut off his head. Kumail was ninety years old. His Shrine is located in Suya, in between Najaf and Kufa (Iraq).   4). Aamaal of 15th Night of Shab’an: Give Sadaqah in the name of Allah. It is recommended to give Sadaqah in this month even if it is as small as a half date. Giving Sadaqah in this month keeps you away from Jahannam. In this respect, it has been narrated that when Imam Sadiq was asked about the merits of observing Sawm in Rajab, he questioned: "Why do you not ask about the merits of observing Sawm in Shab’an?" The narrator asked: What is then the reward of him who observes Sawm on one day in Shab’an, Yabna Rasulullah(S) ? The Imam replied: "The reward will be Jannah, Wallah." The narrator then asked again: "What are the best deeds that should be done in Shab’an?" The Imam answered: "Giving Sadaqah and seeking Istaghf’ar are the best Aamaal in Shab’an. Verily, if anyone of you gives Sadaqah in Shab’an, Allah will breed that Sadaqah in the very same way as you breed your small camels. Therefore, this Sadaqah will be as huge as Mount Uhud on the day of Qiyamah."   5). Divine Instructions of Doa: For better understanding of the divine strategy of Doa it is necessary to know that when the Creator speaks to the created, it is called Wahi and when the created speaks to the Creator, it is called Doa. It is a universal remedy, which has a miraculous power of healing, gifted from the Rahman as a gift of Rehmat. The word “Doaâ€� is derived from the word “D’a â€�, which means in Arabi language, to call Allah. This call is very essential to have the nearness of Allah. When all other doors are closed, then Doa is the only hope. The faith of Jews and Christians regarding Doa are totally repugnant to Islam. The Jews have presented the Creator as an embodiment of terror, where scope of Rehmat and Maghfirat is very narrow, while Christians have enlarged the elements of Rehmat and Maghfirat to such an extent that they become ignorant of the outcome of their deeds and rewards. Only Islam provides a total balanced ideology, between these two extreme notions, and beautifully maintains the concept of justice along with Rehmat and Maghfirat. How beautifully an intellectual has explained: There is only one key to happiness, that is Doa. Only the unfortunate ones do not believe in Doa. The punishment and torture of Jahannam are ordained in the Qur’an for the one who does not offer Doa.  Qur’an says: “Your Lord says: Call to Me, I will answer you. Verily those who are too arrogant to offer Ibadat, due to pride, shall enter in to the Jahannam soon and disgracedâ€�. (Surah al Mumin,Ayah No.. 60) Imam Ali Zain al Abedeen explained the word of the above Ayat: “Ibadatâ€� as Doa, because Doa is a form of Ibadat. Doa is not only a request for a purpose, but it is also an expression of submission with devotion, a request for Rahmat, Maghfirat, Naimat & Naj’at. It is a Hamd of the Creator. Doa is a Sunnat of Anbiya; it is a teaching of Ahl al Bait. Doa in assembly is highly recommended. Doa from the beloved of Allah is not rejected, but granted. While he offers Doa with tears, devotion and repentance, Allah grants his request, and with his Doa the Doa of others are accepted. Precisely, if one offers Doa with devotion, for continuously 40 days, Doa will be answered Inshallah. The motivation of 40-days long Ibadat is derived from the following Hadith: "Whoever offer Ibadat sincerely for forty (40) days, Allah opens his heart, expands his chest and loosens his tongue to speak with wisdom even though he may be very weak in speaking and understandingâ€�. (1-“Lub al Lubabâ€�; 2- Bih’ar al Anw’ar, vol.53, page No. 326). Another Hadith says: “While forty persons collectively offer Doa for one cause, at one place, Allah grants it, even if they offer Doa for a difficult matter, mountains also move from its siteâ€�. (1-“Mustadrak al Wasailâ€�, vol.5, page No. 239; 2-“Jamey Ahadith al Shiaâ€�, vol. No..19, page No. 354) A tradition transmitted from Imam Sadiq: “While four people jointly offer Doa for one cause, before their separation, their Doa got the honor of acceptanceâ€�. (“Al Kafiâ€�, vol. No. 2, page No. 487) Essa (A.S.) was instructed through the Wahi: “O Essa! Be closer to the congregation of Mumineen and order them to offer Doa with youâ€�. Imam Jafar Assadiq (d.148 A.H/765 A.H, Jannat al Baqi-Madinah) narrates that when my father Imam Baqir faced problems he gathered women and children of the family and performed Doa and all present over there recited loudly A’meen. Word of A’meen is usually recited after submitting the appeal which means O Allah! Be the witness. Syedna Salman al Farsi (d.33 A..H/653 A.D., Madayn-Iraq) explained that it is a compound sentence created with a verb and noun which means that O Allah! Fulfill my needs. Mosa (A.S.) (13th Century BCE) sent Lanat on Firoon and his supporters and offered Doa O Allah! Crush them and make their hearts fearful, subsequently Haroon(A.S.) (13th Century BCE) recited Aameen. It is also said that A’meen in Hebrew is said as Aam’an. It also points towards the acceptance of agreement, similarly said at the end of any agreement for its acceptance. This is the sentence of proof and witness for any Doa. Based on the above meaning it is mentioned in “Mazamirâ€�, “Save us O our Lord! Attach all nations with peace so that we should approach you, and feel proud to offer you Sajud. (Kit’ab al Zinat, Syedna Abi Hatim al Razi, Hujjat al Jazirah of Ray, Head of the Dawat mission and responsible to promote the faith of Islam in that region, during the era of 11th Fatemi Imam Abdullah al Mahdi [d.322/934, Mahdiyah, Tunisia],manuscript )   6). Doa al Kumail: Nucleus of ‘Sahifah Alaviyyah’: “Doa al Kumailâ€� is a peerless precious gem available in the treasure of “Al Sahifah al Alaviyahâ€�. Every sentence of it renders the reader spellbound. As “Surah al Yasinâ€� is considered to be heart of the Qur’an, likewise “Doa al Kumailâ€� is believed to be the nucleus of “Al Sahifah al Alaviyahâ€�. Awliya have composed numerous Ady’at, with the help of a single sentence available in Doa al Kumail. Every single sentence is used as Amal for numerous matters. An excellent Doa of the learned writer of “Al Shamus al Zahirahâ€�, 3rd al Dai al Fatemi, Syedna Hatim Mohiyuddin(d. 596 A.H/1199 A.D, al Hutaib, Yemen) is an example. He composed one Doa in the fort of Al Hutaib, Hir’az, Yaman, in such a literary manner that he used half a part of the first opening sentence of Doa al Kumail “Allahhumma Inni Asalukaâ€� as beginning of his Doa and the remaining half part as a closing. (“Shareh Sahifah Alaviyyahâ€�, manuscript).   7). Amal of Doa al Kumail: Doa al Kumail provides solace here and in the hereafter. It gives Increment in Rizaq for the body and soul. Protects from the Evil Eye, shield from evil sciences, such as Black Magic. It becomes armor for the enemies. In short, it is a cure for all pains, and a solution for all kinds of problems. Doa al Kumail, if recited with firm conviction provides protection from misery, averts calamity, fulfills wishes, and begs forgiveness of sins and source of Naj’aat. Awliya suggested specific sentences of this Doa to be recited a particular numbers of times for the attainment of various purposes. Whenever in trouble, make Wuzu and prepare yourself for Ibadat. Apply Attar and burn Aud, Bukhur, Luban. Offer two Rak’at Sal’at al Hajat, recite Salaw’at eleven times in beginning and at the end of Doa al Kumail. Recite Doa al Kumail with ‘Tazarru’. Inshallah, each legitimate al desire will be fulfilled by Allah. Perform this act. Do this act in darkness of night, in isolation.  The goal of Doa al Kumail is not confined to create Noor in the hearts of those who recite it with full dedication, but its aims are magnificent. It seeks Noorani help, in other words Ta’eed to advance materially, spiritually and intellectually. Read this Doa with full devotion and attention. Turn face towards the Qiblah and recite it with tears flowing. Doa with tears is very dear to Allah. Deeply consider wordings of Amir al Mumineen Ali ibn Abi Talib, he says: “Ah---the Provision is meager- in quantity- and the journey is long, after departure (death)â€� (Nahaj al Balagha).   8). Firework: An Act of Shait’an: Fireworks and the use of firecrackers during 15th night of Shab’an is Isr’af and Tabzir in the lexicon of Qur’an, which is an act of Shait’an. Muslims parents have a great responsibility to refrain their children, who are un-aware with teachings of Shariah. Muslim Intelligentsia is duty bound to ask others to refrain from these evil acts and instead of blessings not invite curse. Muslims are kept out of hellfire on the night of the 15th of Shab’an that is why it is referred to as “Shab e Bar’aat,â€� (night of deliverance from sins) in South East Asia.   9). Concluding Remarks: Finally, concluding this discussion on a few verses of the Manqabat, written by 51st Al Dai al Fatemi, Syedna Taher Saifuddin, as “Khit’amah-ul-Miskâ€�-seal of fragrance: Salaamu Aalaiyka Amir’al Arabe; Amin’al ilahe Munil’al Arabe O Amir al Arab! O Trustee of Allah! O distributor of wishes-on behalf of Allah, upon you Sal’am Shahidtu Beanneka Qumtu Beamaril ilahe wa Adayytu Ma Qad Wajabe I testify that you had enforced Laws of Allah and performed obligatory responsibility which was assigned to you  With Salaam, I request you to kindly remember me & my family in your Mubarak Doa, especially when you recite Doa al Kumail. May Allah grant us Sadaat and Arzaaq and provide me Tawfiq and opportunity to complete the ‘Shareh’ of “Doa al Kumailâ€�, Aameen.  Selected Bibliography 1)     “Al Qur’anâ€� 2)     “Tarikh al Umam wal Mulukâ€�, by: ‘Tabari’, vol. No 2, page No 416 ,Qahera 3)     “Risalah al Kamilah Fee Salasah Layalil Fazilahâ€�, 9th Al Dai al Fatemi, Syedna Ali bin Syedna Husain (d. 682[A.H]. Sanaa, Yemen),manuscript 4)   “Nahj al Balaghaâ€� 5)   Al Sahifah al Alaviyahâ€�,Najaf 6)   Shareh al Akhb’ar,Syedna Qazi al Nauman, Qahera 7)   “Diw’anâ€� of Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Published in Dubai 8)   “Al Sahifah Husainyahâ€�,Qum,Iran 9)   Kit’ab al Zinat,Syedna Abi Hatim al Razi,manuscript 10)   “Sharh Nahaj al Balaghaâ€�, by: Izzuddin ibn Abi al Hadid al Mu'tazili 11)   “Diw’anâ€� of Syedna Abu Moin Hamiduddin Nasir Khusraw, 12) “Sirah al Halbiyahâ€�, Vol. No.1 13) “Diw’anâ€�, Shams Tabrizâ€�, 14) “Kafiâ€�, vol. No. 1, Page No 42 15) “Rabi al Abrar wa Nusus al Akhbarâ€�, Abil Qasim Mehmud b. Umar al Zamakhshari, vol No. 3,Pg No 219 16) “Al Adyat al Moayyadiyahâ€�, 17) “Lub al Lubabâ€� 18) “Bih’ar al Anw’arâ€�, vol.53, page No. 326, 19) “Mustadrak al Wasailâ€�, vol.5, page No. 239 20) “Jamey Ahadith al Shiaâ€�,vol. No.19,page No. 354 21) “Al Kafiâ€�, vol. No. 2, page No. 487 22) “Mazamirâ€� 23) “Misbah al Mutahjjidâ€�, Shaikh Abu Jafar Mohammad ibn Hasan Tusi, Qum  The Writer is Attorney at Law & Religious Scholar Email Address: qazishkborhany@ hotmail.com  This document may be used, only with this copyright notice included. Permission is granted to circulate among private individuals and groups, to post on internet forums, and include in not-for-profit publications subject to the following conditions: (1) Material used must be produced faithfully in full, without alteration or omission; (2) The author's subject title must remain unchanged, in whole or in part; (3) Material must be attributed to the author Qazi Dr. Shaikh Abbas Borhany. Contact the author for all other rights, which are reserved.

The Virtues of Ameerul Momineen Ali ibn Abi Taalib (a.s.) as Mentioned in Shia and Sunni Exegesis‏

Jaarullah Zamakshari in his exegesis (tafseer), ‘Al-Kashshaaf‘, vol. 4, p. 197 narrates from Ibn Abbas that once Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) along with his companions went to visit Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) when they (a.s.) were ill. At that time, Ameerul Momineen Ali (a.s.) was present over there.. Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) told him, “O Abal Hasan! Why don’t you make a nazr (avowal) for the quick recovery of your children?” Thus, Ali (a.s.), Janab-e-Zahra (s.a.) and Janab-e- Fizzah took a nazr of fasting for three days if the children recovered from the illness. When they fasted for the first day after the recovery of Hasnain (a.s.), there was nothing in the house that they could have for breaking the fast (iftaar). Imam Ali (a.s.) took a loan of three kg barley from Shamoan – a Jew from Khyber. He (a.s.) gave that barley to Janab-e-Zahra (s.a.) who made a few bread loaves from it. However, when they sat down for iftaar, a beggar called out at their door, “O family of the Prophet! I convey my salaams upon you. I’m poor and needy. Please give me something to eat. Surely, Allah will confer you with the provisions of Paradise.’ On hearing this plea, all of them gave their share of iftaar and opened their fast only with water. The next day they fasted again. A similar thing happened. Once again, at the time of iftaar, an orphan came at that time and pleaded for some help. This time too, all three of them offered their share of iftaar to that orphan. When they fasted on the third day, again at iftaar, a destitute came at their door and implored for food. For the third time, all of them parted with their share of iftaar and gave it to that poor person. The next morning, Imam Ali (a.s.), along with Imam Hasan and Imam Husain (a.s.) went to meet the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), who saw them quivering due to hunger and thirst. He (s.a.w.a.) said. “I’m pained to see you in this condition.” Then Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) got up and went to the house of Janab-e-Zahra (s.a.). He found her sitting in the ‘mehrab‘ and praying. She had become so frail due to hunger that her stomach was touching her back while her eyes had sunk inside the sockets. Seeing his beloved daughter in this condition, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) was aggrieved. At that time Janabe Jibraeel-e-Amin (r.a.) descended from the heavens and said to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), “O Muhammad (s.a.w.a.)! Allah has presented this Surah (a chapter from the Holy Quran) to you and your Ahle Bayt (a.s.) as a greeting and congratulation.” Thus Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) recited the Surah Dahr at that instance. The beggars were Jibrael, Mikaael and Israafeel: Allamah Shaafei After narrating this incident in his exegesis, Allamah Nishapuri writes, “According to traditions, the beggar who came to the door on all three nights was none other than Janab-e- Jibraeel (a.s.). He was testing their patience on the orders of Allah.” Shahabuddin Aaloosi narrates the above mentioned incident of ‘al-Kashshaaf‘ in his exegesis ‘Ruh al-Ma’ani‘, vol. 29 p.158 and comments, “What can one say about Imam Ali (a.s.) and Janab-e-Zahra (s.a.) except that Imam Ali (a.s.) is the Leader of all Believers and the Successor of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) while Janab-e-Fatima is the beloved and joy of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.)? Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) are like the fragrance of a flower and are the Chiefs of the Youths of Paradise. This belief is not only of the Shia (raafezi). In fact, to believe in anything besides this is absolute misguidance.” Hence, the entire chapter of Dahr has been revealed to prove the excellence of Ahlul Bayt (a.s..). The point worth noting about this chapter is that although it mentions the bounties of Paradise, yet there is no mention of hoors (fairies) in the chapter. This is as a mark of respect to Janab-e-Fatima Zahra (s.a.). For more details one can refer to: (a) Al-Durr-ul-Manthoor of Hafez Jalaaluddeen al-Suyooti, vol. 6, p. 299, (b) Al-Bahr al-Moheet of Abu Hayyan al-Aandloosi, vol. 8, p. 395 (c) Yanabee’ al-Mawaddah of Hafez Sulaiman Qundoozi, p. 93 Allamah Shaafei in his book Kifaayah al-Taalib on p. 345 writes, “The first beggar was Jibrael, the second was Mikaael and the third, Israafeel.” Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) and Imam Ali (a.s.) as seen by traditionalists Allamah Shahaabuddin al-Aaloosi al-Baghdadi writes in his Tafseer (exegesis) ‘Ruh-ul-Ma’ani‘, vol.3, p. 26 the view of a research scholar concerning the question of Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) to Allah about how He would make the dead alive. Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) had asked this for the “satisfaction of his heart”. The scholar says that this question of Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) in no way makes him less important than Imam Ali (a.s.). We reproduce the argument of that scholar over here and will analysis it later. Allamah Aaloosi, while mentioning the view of the scholar says, “I’m surprised at the words of the research scholar wherein he defends Hazrat Ibrahim and says, ‘The question of Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) was not because of any doubt. Rather he was keen to know that how Allah would enliven the dead so that he (a.s.) could have complete knowledge of this matter. It should be known that the ignorance of Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) in this matter is not a sign of his weak faith. The best proof of this is that Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) asked Allah ‘how’ (كيف). This shows that Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) was eager to know the ‘process’ of enlivening of dead. This apparent unawareness of Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) in no way suggests that he (a.s.) was ignorant of the absolute and unlimited power of Allah. The understanding of the “process” of enlivening of the dead is not a condition of belief. Hence, the awareness of Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) about the manner in which the dead would be raised by Allah, does not increase the level of his belief. Thus, when Imam Ali (a.s.) says that لَوْ كُشِفَ الْغِطَاءُ مَا ازددتُ يَقِيْنًا (If the curtain is raised, it will not increase my certainty), he is not trying to prove the superiority of his belief as compared to the belief of ‘Khalilullah‘ (the friend of Allah) – as the ignorant Shias are trying to prove. Most of our scholars too are unaware of this view point and put themselves in difficulty in trying to refute the Shia notion that Imam Ali (a.s..) was superior to Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.). Fakhruddin Raazi in his reply says, “Satisfaction of the heart” means “putting to rest the doubts that have arisen in the heart of the skeptic” ‘Tafseer-e-Kabir‘ vol. 7, p. 40. “The serenity of the heart after a period of restlessness and confusion is called ‘Tamaniyyah‘. This word has been derived from the phrase ’serenity of the earth’ (اطمئنّت الارض). A ’serene earth’ is that place on the ground where flowing water stops (like a small depression in the earth). Hence, the request of Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) for the ’satisfaction of the heart’ proves that he (a.s.) desired a “complete and absolute faith” and that all doubts and confusion in his heart should be put to rest. One important point that needs to be mentioned over here is that whatever we have discussed concerning Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) is not applicable to the Ahlul Bait (a.s.). What if it is assumed that the ’satisfaction of the heart’ that Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) desired was not regarding the process of enlivening the dead, rather he wanted to be sure whether he is the ‘friend’ of Allah? A tradition from Imam Reza (a.s.) points to this fact. Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Jahm narrates: Once I was in the court of Mamoon and Imam Reza (a..s.) too was present. Mamoon asked him (a.s.), “O Son of Allah’s Messenger! Don’t you say that all Prophets (a.s.) were infallible?” (He then asked Imam Reza (a.s.) a few questions concerning the past Prophets (a.s.) – especially about Hazrat Adam (a.s..). He then said to Imam (a.s.), “What do you have to say about Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) when he asked his Allah, ‘My Lord show me how you shall raise the dead?’ And Allah asked him, ‘Don’t you believe?’ He (a.s.) replied, ‘Yes but I want to know for the contentment of my heart.”‘ Imam Reza (a.s.) replied: Allah revealed to Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) that “I desire to make a friend (khaleel) from among My servants and if that servant will ask Me ‘how I will raise the dead?’ then I will reply to his question.” Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) thought that ‘maybe I’m the friend of Allah’. So he asked ‘My Lord! Show me how you shall raise the dead?’ Allah asked him, ‘Do you not believe?’ Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) replied ‘Yes. But I want to be certain (that I’m your friend.”‘ Although this tradition is found in various books like Oyoon-o-Akhbar al-Reza (a.s.), Tafseer al-Burhan and Tafseer Noor al-Saqlain, yet it is not free from doubt. Allahmah Tabatabai (r.a.), in his Tafseer al-Mizan, vol. 1, p.147 writes, “The reply of Ali Ibn Jahm concerning the infallibility of Prophets (that they are infallible right from birth) is not in agreement with the general view of the Shia religion. Thus this tradition is not free from doubt.” ‘Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) among the Shias’ Qurtubbi writes in his exegesis that al-Kalbi and al-Farraa say, “Know that Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) is among the Shias of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.). That is the reason that the pronoun of the word شيعته refers to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.). While according to Ibne Abbas and Mujahid, the pronoun in the word شيعته refers to Hazrat Nuh (a.s.).[1] Tabari writes that according to some Arabic litterateurs, this verse means that Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) is from the Shia of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.).[2] Fakhruddin Raazi writes in his exegesis that to whom does the pronoun of the word شيعة refer? There are two views in this regard.. The first and more evident view is that it refers to Hazrat Nuh (a.s.) and according to Kalbi, it refers to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.).[3] Allamah Tabatabai (r.a.) says that Shia refers to “a group” or to someone who follows the footsteps of someone. In short, if anyone follows and emulates the actions of someone then he becomes the Shia of that person even though the follower and the leader are living in different eras. As Allah says in Surah Saba, verse 54 وَ حِيْلَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَ بَيْنَ مَا يَشْتَهُوْنَ كَمَا فُعِلَ بَاَشْيَاعِهِمْ مِّنْ قَبْلُ … ‘And We shall put a veil between them and what they desired just as We did it for those before them’ Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) mentions regarding this verse that “It means that Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) is from the Shias of Imam Ali (a.s.).”[4] Many scholars of the Ahle Sunnah are of the view that this verse has been revealed concerning Imam Ali (a.s.). Fakhruddin Raazi says that quite a few narrations have reached us that mention that this verse is regarding Hazrat Ali (a.s.).. The third narration in this regard says, “This verse specifically refers to Imam Ali (a.s.). On the night when the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) migrated from Makkah and proceeded towards the cave, Imam Ali (a.s.) was lying in his (s.a.w.a.) bed. Janab-e-Jibrael (r.a.) was standing next to his head while Janab-e-Mikaaeel (r.a.) was standing near his feet. All the while Janab-e-Jibrael was calling out, “Marvelous! None is like you, O son of Abu Taalib! Allah is feeling proud among the angels.” At that time this verse was revealed.[5] Abu Hayyan Aandloosi narrates, “This verse was revealed at the time when Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had entrusted the responsibility of returning back the trusts (amaanaat) of the people to Imam Ali (a.s.) as well as to repay his (s.a.w.a.) debt. This was the time when he was migrating from Makkah and had ordered Imam Ali (a.s.) to sleep in his bed.”[6] Shahabuddin Aaloosi says “The Shia sect as well as some of us is of the view that this verse was revealed in honour of Imam Ali (a.s.) when he was commanded to sleep on the bed of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) in the night of migration.”[7] Who has the knowledge of the book? Abdullah Ibn Ataa says, “Once I was in the mosque along with Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.). At that time my eyes fell on the son of Abdullah Ibn Salaam. Looking at him I said, “Isn’t this boy the one who has the knowledge of the book?” At that time Imam (a.s.) said, “It is only with Ali Ibn Abu Taalib.”[8] Ibn Abbas narrates that the phrase ‘مَنْ عِنْدَهُ عَلْمُ الْكِتَابِ‘ is only applicable to Hazrat Ali (a.s.) and none else because he (a.s.) is aware of the exegesis, interpretation of the verses as well as the abrogated and abrogating verses. Abu Hayyan Aanduloosi writes, “Qataadah says that this verse refers to Abdullah Ibn Salaam and Tameem Daari, while Mujaahid writes that it refers only to Abdullah Ibn Salaam. However, the views of both these scholars cannot be accepted. This is because all scholars are unanimous that this verse was revealed in Makkah while Abdullah Ibn Salaam was a resident of Madina. Janab Muhammad Ibn Hanafiyyah and Imam Baqir (a.s.) say that this verse refers to Imam Ali Ibn Abi Taalib (a.s.)”.[9] Aaloosi says that both Janab-e-Muhammad Ibn Hanafiyyah as well as Imam Baqir (a.s.) are of the view, ‘The person referred to in this verse is none other than Hazrat Ali (a.s.).[10] Mullah Mohsin Faiz Kashani writes in his exegesis ‘al-Saafi‘, ‘A person once asked Imam Ali (a.s.) about his lofty status. In reply, Ali (a.s.) recited the verse and said ‘I’m that person.’[11] Ali ibn Ibrahim Qummi (r.a.) narrates a tradition from Imam Sadiq (a.s.), “The one who has the complete knowledge of the book is Ameerul Momeneen Ali (a.s.).” People asked him, “Who is superior? Is the one who has the knowledge of the entire Book superior to the one who has some part of the knowledge of the Book?” Imam (a.s.) replied “The comparison of the ‘complete knowledge of the Book’ to ’some part of the knowledge of the Book’ is like the entire ocean compared to a drop of water from the ocean on the wing of a fly.”[12] In his exegesis, Ayyashi narrates, “People asked Imam Baqir (a.s.) that Abdullah Ibn Salaam feels that the verse ‘the one who has the knowledge of the book’ refers to his father.’” Imam (a.s.) said, “He is lying. The one who has the complete knowledge of the book is only Hazrat Ali (a.s.).”[13] Over here we would like to discuss the view of Ayatullah al-Khoie (r.a.) mentioned in his exegesis ‘Al-Bayaan fi Tafseer al-Quran.’. He writes, “The testimony of (the successorship) Imam Ali (a.s.) by the miraculous words of the Holy Quran – notwithstanding the various other eloquent and unambiguous proofs – is in itself an independent proof (of his successorship). The Holy Quran is a divine revelation and its statement is not based on ignorance. Imam Ali (a.s.) is the Master of Eloquence and the ultimate manifestation of all noble attributes. He is the best example and on the highest pedestal of Divine recognition. Both friends and foes testify to his eloquence and superiority. They have not testified to his greatness due to his (a.s.) position and wealth. How could this be possible when Imam Ali (a.s.) was the emblem of piety and had no inclination towards the world. He had rejected the caliphate when it was offered to him with the condition that he should conduct the affairs in a manner similar to Abu Bakr and Umar and he turned his face away from it. It is Imam Ali (a.s.) who did not tolerate the (illegitimate) governorship of Muawiyah even for a few days although he (a.s.) was well aware of the perils in removing Muawiyah from his post. Thus, Imam Ali (a.s.) is the best testimonial to the messengership of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and the miraculous words of the Holy Quran.[14] Some people are of the view that this verse is concerning those who accepted Islam like Abdullah Ibn Salaam, Tameem Daari and Salman Farsi. But this view is not acceptable since this Surah was revealed in Makkah while the aforementioned people accepted Islam in Madina. Abu Hayyan Aanduloosi says that all scholars are unanimous that this Surah was revealed in Makkah.[15] Tabari writes that Abu Bishr says, “I asked Abu Saeed Khudri ‘Does this verse refer to Abdullah Ibn Salaam?’ He said ‘No.. This Surah was revealed in Makkah then how can it refer to Abdullah Ibn Salaam?’”[16] Qurtubi writes that Ibn Jubair says “This surah was revealed in Makkah while Abdullah Ibn Salaam accepted Islam in Madina. This verse cannot refer to him”.[17] Shahaabuddin Aaloosi has objected to the above views of the scholars. He says that “no doubt that this Surah was revealed in Makkah but a few of its verses were revealed in Madina too. And this particular verse was revealed in Madina.” But there are no traditions or narrations in support of Aaloosi’s view and thus his claim does not hold water. Sha’bi too has flatly denied that any verse of the Quran was ever revealed in favour of Abdullah Ibn Salaam.[18] Fakhruddin Raazi writes “Prophethood cannot be established by the words of couple of men who are not free from telling lies.” -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [1] Tafseer Jame al-Ahkam-il-Quran, vol. 15, p. 91 [2] Tafseer-e-Tabari, vol. 24, p. 68 [3] Tafseer-e-Kabir, vol. 26, p.126 [4] Tafseer Burhan, vol.4, p. 20 [5] Tafseer al-Kabir, vol. 5, p. 223 [6] Tafseer Bahr al-Moheet [7] Tafseer Ruh al-Ma’ani, vol. 2, p. 97; Tafseer Jaame’ al-Ahkaam al-Quran, vol. 3, p.21 [8] Yanaabee’ al-Mawaddah, p.102; Qurtubbi in his exegesis ‘Tafseer Jaame’ al-Ahkaam al-Quran, vol. 9, p.336 [9] Tafseer Bahr al-Moheet, vol. 5, p. 401 [10] Tafseer-o-Ruh al-Ma’ani, vol. 13, p.158 [11] Tafseer al-Saafi, vol. 3, p. 77 [12] Tafseer al-Qummi, vol. 1, p. 367 [13] Tafseer Ayyashi, vol. 2, p.220 [14] Al-Bayaan fi Tafseer al-Quran, p.. 91 [15] Tafseer Bahr al-Moheet, vol. 9, p. 401 [16] Jaame’ al-Bayaan, p.104 [17] Jaame’ al-Ahkam al-Quran, vol.9, p. 336 [18] Tafseer-e-Kabir, vol. 19, p.70

Wiladat of Hazrat Abbas(a.s.)‏

Birth and Childhood~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Although not an Imam nor regarded as one of the Masoom individuals (he is not within the circle of the 14 Infallibles), Hazrat Abbas ibne Ali (a.s.) possesses a great position in Islam. Born in the immaculate family of the Prophet Muhammad(sawaw), he was the half-brother of two Imams – Hasan(a.s.) and Hussain(a.s.). Some years after the martyrdom of Hazrat Fatima Zahra(s.a.), Imam Ali(a.s.) expressed his desire to his brother Aqeel ibn-e-Abi Talib(a.s.) to marry a women of a brave and chivalrous tribe. Hazrat Aqeel was very knowledgeable in tribe genealogy and he immediately proposed the name of Hazrat Fatima binte Hazam bin Khalid and the marriage took place in 24 Hijrah. Hazrat Fatimah gave birth to Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) on the 4th Shabaan, 26th Hijrah. Imam Hussain(a.s.) was very attached to Hazrat Abbas(a.s.). When Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) was born, Hazrat Ali(a.s.) asked Imam Hussain(a.s.) to recite the adhaan and the iqamah in the ears of the child. Just his his father had not opened eyes after birth until the Prophet Mohammad(sawaw) arrived, Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) also did not open his eyes until Imam Hussain(a.s.) arrived. When he was in the arms of Imam Hussain(a.s.), the infant smiled and raised his arms. There were tears in Imam Hussain's(a.s.) eyes. Was it because he knew that the child was trying to say: "O Mawla I have come and will happily give these arms and my life for you and Islam".In early childhood Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) would follow Imam Hussain(a.s.) like a shadow. When Imam Hussain(a.s.) was thirsty, Abbas(a.s.) would rush to bring him water. When Imam Hussain(a.s.) felt heat, Abbas(a.s.) would fan him with the hem of his cloak. Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) at Battle of Siffin~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ At the battle of Siffeen, Abbas(a.s.) was very young - hardly eleven years old. Imam Hussain(a.s.) was fighting in the battle field. When Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) saw an enemy soldier approaching Imam Hussain(a.s.) from behind, he took a sword and rushed into the battle field and killed the enemy, at the same time crying out in a loud voice, "How can any one dare attack my Mawla while I am alive." He continued to fight maintaining his position behind Imam Hussain(a.s.). One day he appeared fully disguised, masked and armored, on the battlefield. When Ibn-e-Shasa, a brave and famous Syrian fighter saw this masked person, he asked one of his seven sons to slay him. Instead, the son was quickly put down. Similarly, the other six sons tried to fight this masked warrior, but they all met the same fate. Finally lbn-e-Shasa himself came forward and the manner in which he was also beaten, made all the other people stare in disbelief. They then thought this masked fighter to be Hazrat Ali(a.s.), and no one dared to come forward to fight. But, when Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) removed the mask, people were surprised to note that he was not Ali, but instead, Abbas, the inheritor of Hazrat Ali's gallantry.Muawiya saw this and asked, "Who is that boy?" When he was told he was Abbas ibne Ali, he said, "By God! No one can fight like that at that age except a son of Ali!" His youth~~~~~~~~~ Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) grew up to be a tall and handsome man. He was so tall, that when he sat on a horse his feet touched the ground. He was so handsome that he was known as Qamar-e-Bani Hashim, the Moon of the family of Hashim. Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) was also a valiant warrior. It was said that Muawiya did not dare invade Madina because of five men who were with Imam Hussain(a.s.) and could, together with their Imam, conquer a whole army. These were Muhammad Hanafia, a brother of Imam Hussain(a.s.), Hazrat Muslim ibn-e-Aqeel(a.s.), Abdullah Ibn-e-Jaffer(a.s.), Hazrat Abbas(a.s.) and Hazrat Ali ibn-al-Hussain(a.s.), our fourth Imam, Zainul Abideen(a.s.). When Imam Hussain(a.s.) decided to leave Madina in the month of Rajab 60 Hijrah, he did not encourage Muhammad Hanafia and Abdullah Ibn-e-Jaffer to accompany him. He wanted to make sure that no one at the time or in the future would suggest that Hussain(a.s.) wanted to fight for the khilafah. Just before Imam Hussain(a.s.) left Madina, Ummul Baneen(a.s.) summoned all her four sons and said to them, "My sons you must remember that while I love you, Imam Hussain(a.s.) is your Master. If Imam(a.s.) or his sisters or his children get injured or hurt while you are still alive, I will never forgive you." There were tears in Hazrat Abbas's(a.s.) eyes as he promised his mother that he and his brothers would lay down their lives for Imam Hussain(a.s.) and his children. Titles of Hazrat Abbas(a.s.)~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1. Qamar-e-Banihashem (THE MOON OF BANIHASHEM'S PROGENY) This was his most famous nickname. The reason behind that was his good looking face which was resembled to the moon. 2. Saqqa' (THE ONE WHO PROVIDES WATER) This is another of his famous nickname. Since he was dealing with bringing water to Imam Hussein (A.S)'s camps and supplying Imam's thirsty children with water, he was given this nickname. 3. Hamel-ul-Lava' (THE ONE WHO CARRIES THE FLAGS) This nickname was given to him because he was the one who carried the flag in Imam Hussein (A.S)'s troop. 4. Raees-e-Askar-al-Hussein (THE COMMANDER OF IMAM HUSSAIN(A.S.)'S TROOPS) This nickname was given to him because he was the commander of Imam Hussain(a.s.)'s troops.

Perfumes of paradise

In Surah-ar-Rahman Allah refers to that person who fears standing in front of his Lord for accounting (for his deeds), and thus refrains from sinning. "And for him who fears to stand before his lord are two gardens". Allamah Majlisi narrates from the Holy prophet (S.A.W.S.) that He said "If one of the hoories' of paradise descends on the first heaven on a dark night and looks down towards the earth, the entire universe will be filled with her fragrance". It is related from Imam Ja'far-as-sadiq (A.S.) that the fragrance of the perfume paradise will reach up to the distance equal to a thousand years. The sand of paradise is of musk. It is related in many traditions that the walls, doors, and the floor of paradise is covered with grass of it's fragrance will be such that an old man proceeding towards paradise will reach such a place which is far from paradise at a distance of a thousand years, yet he will turn young by just the fragrance. Ref:Manazelul Akherah

Wiladat of Imam Zain al-Abideen(a.s.)

5th of Shabaan, 1430 A.H. - the birth anniversary of Syed-us-Sajideen - Imam Ali Zain-al-Abideen(a.s.)- the fourth Holy Imam. This is a disputed date. More widely accepted date of his birth is 15th Jamadi-al-Awwal in the 38 Hijra. On this occassion of happiness in the house of Prophet Mohammad(sawaw) and his Ahl-e-Bait(a.s.), I wish to extend my profound felicitations and greetings to the Imam-e-Zamana(a.s.), the Ahl-e-Bait(a.s.) and to all Momineen and Mominaat. His Birth and Titles~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The 4th Imam after Imam Hussain(a.s.) was his son Imam Ali Zain-al-Abideen(a.s.). His mother was Bibi Shahr Bano who was a princess from Persia, the daughter of the Kind Yazd Gard II. His title Zain-al-Abideen was granted to him by the Holy Prophet(sawaw) himself who mentioned that on the day of judgement a call for Zain-al-Abideen will be made and my son Ali bin al-Hussain(a.s.) will respond to the call saying "Labbaik". His other Title, Syed-us-Sajideen, was given because of his devotion to prayers. He would pray for long durations especially during the nights and would pray a lot of prayers of gratitude - Namaz-e-Shukrana – for which he was also given the title of Sajjad. Imam Sajjad(a.s.) spent the first 2 years of his life under the care of his grandfater Imam Ali(a.s.) and after his death in 40 A.H., he was brought up under the care of the 2nd Imam Hasan(a.s.). Imam Sajjad(a.s.) was married to Bibi Fatima(a.s.) - daughter of Imam Hasan(a.s.). Imam Hasan(a.s.) was martyred in 50 A.H. and the Imamate of Imam Hussain(a.s.) started which terminated on 10th Moharram 61 A.H. from where the Imamate of Imam Sajjad(a.s.) began. Period of Imamate~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Imam Sajjad(a.s.) was about 22 or 23 years old when the sad event of Karbala occurred. Allah(swt) so arranged that Imam Sajjad(a.s.) became severely ill before that battle and could not participate as a fighter. He asked the permission to fight in the battle but Imam Hussain(a.s.) told him that he had been assigned a different type of "Jihad" that was to start after the martyrdom of Imam Hussain(a.s.) - namely leading the women and children of the household of Prophet Mohammad(sawaw) into the bazars and courts of Kufa and Damascus. Imam Sajjad(a.s.) was made a prisoner of war together with the whole family of the Prophet Mohammad(sawaw). It was at this time that he was given the responsibility of Imamate and his was one of the most difficult times that any Imam had to see. Truly speaking, for him it would have been very easy to die on the battle field as a martyr than to be taken as prisoner of war and see all the humiliations thrown on him and on the womenfolk of the house of the Prophet(sawaw). However, he did what Allah(swt) wished him to do After the martyrdom of Imam Hussain(a.s.), the survival of Islam depended on Imam Zainul Abideen(a.s.), and that also at a tender age of 22. He had a very hard job of letting the world know the mission of Imam Hussain(a.s.) and exposing the evil intentions of Yazid and the Bani Umayyah. He had to keep the message of Islam alive and save it from being confused by the evil Bani Umayyah. The tradition of azadari-e-Imam Hussain(a.s.) which has continued from then on uptil today proves how successful Imam Sajjad(a.s.) was in his mission. His Life upon returning back to Madina~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Yazid had to free the Imam(a.s.) out of fear of his own rulership, therefore, Imam(a.s.) was still not completely safe from his evil designs even upon reaching back to Madina. Once in Madina, Imam(a.s.) gathered the people and told them the horrifying stories of Karbala and informed them that his father Imam Hussain(a.s.) and his companions were martyred and his family members were made prisoners and were taken from one city to another and branded as traitors. Imam Sajjad(a.s.) started regular mourning session right from the day he arrived in Madina and apprised the people of the hard times that the family of the Prophet(sawaw) had to go through. Day in and day out, people used to go to Imam(a.s.) and present condolence and hear the events of Karbala. Once a visitor named Noman came to Imam(a.s.) and asked him which was the most difficult time he had to face and the Imam(a.s.) cried for a long time and three times said "AS-SHAAM AS-SHAAM AS-SHAAM". Another visitor asked him as to how long would he continue mourning and crying and he replied that Prophet Ayub(a.s.) had 12 sons and only one of them got lost and he know that he was still alive but he continued crying until his eyes became white and his back got bent - I had seen 18 members of my family being slaughtered around me like sheep and you ask me as to how long I would continue mourning. During his remaining 34 years in Madina, Imam Sajjad(a.s.) concentrated only upon devoting himself to supplicating to Allah(swt) and spreading the events of karbala through mourning on Imam Hussain(a.s.) in his daily life. SAHIFA-E-KAMILA~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Another task that Imam Sajjad(a.s.) did after coming back from Syria was that he started praying and saying supplications with full devotion. His devotion was so strong and felt by his companions and visitors that they started collecting his supplications which still exist by the name of SAHIFA-E-KAMILA. It is also know as SAHIFA-E-SAJJADIA. It consists of 54 Duas, 14 additional duas and 15 Munajaat. In addition to the SAHIFA there are several other supplications of the Imam(a.s.) which appear under different cover names. HIS MARTYRDOM~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Even the quiet and solitude life of Imam(a.s.) was not tolerated by the rules of bani-ummaya. He was arrested one more time during his 34 years in Madina by Abdul Malik ibne Marwan who later released him after 3 days of detention in Damascus. Finally the cruel ruler Waleed bin Abdul Malik had him martyred by poison on 25 Muharram 95 A.H. in Madina.