Wednesday, October 01, 2008


THE DAY OF EID UL FITR -1st SHAWWAL EiEid ul Fitr marks the end of the month of Ramadhan. We say farewell to the blessed month, its beautiful days and its fragrant nights. We leave the month of seeking nearness to Ar Rahmaan, the school of Imaan and an opportunity to recharge our spiritual batteries. In the previous nights, we prayed, offered charity and attended lectures. What will happen now? Have we fulfilled the requirements of Taqwa and graduated from this school with the diploma of the God Fearing? The night of Eid ul fitr is a majestic night. It is beneficial to keep awake for Ibadah as this night is of equal importance as the night of Qadr. Eid must not just mark the ‘end’ of Ramadhan. Rather, it should be a new beginning, where we emulate our character and Islamic values, which we have focused upon for the past 30 days. We are like a child out of the womb, pure and innocent. Eid is the day of victory as we have succeeded in subduing our desires and purified ourselves. Lets not wash away our good deeds and revert to our merry old ways. Let the masjid still overflow with worshippers, let the Quran be the most essential part of our lives instead of letting it gather dust on our shelves. Our condition should be better than before Ramadhan month. Eid is not just a ritual that provides us with an excuse to enjoy ourselves. It represents important values and participating in them, we seek to please the Almighty and attain nearness to Him. Eid al-Fitr is a great day of festival for Muslims. It is a day of rejoicing and being happy. But for whom? Is it the day of rejoicing for those who simply put on new clothes and wear perfume? Or is it the day of being happy for those who were eagerly waiting for the release of the greatest enemy of mankind, Satan, from his captivity so that they all revert to committing sins? Unfortunately, many Muslims abstain from sins during the month of Ramadhan, but come Eid, they go back to what they were before! Cassettes of prayers, which were in their cars during the holy month, are thrown back into their cases and replaced with those, which are unlawful, by Shari'ah. The forbidden places from which they had abstained for month long, are infact the same places they go to celebrate Eid. Just as, when a person goes to a college, or a university and at the completion of his course, he receives his award marking his achievement, we must understand that, the holy month of Ramadhan is a spiritual university where we are being trained to achieve Taqwa i.e. piety. The day of Eid al-Fitr is when Allah (SWT) is awarding us for our achievements. On the day of Eid al-Fitr, Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (as) delivered a sermon in which he said: "O people! Verily this day of yours is the day when the righteous are awarded and the wretched are losers. It is a day which is similar to the one on which you shall be standing (before your Lord). Therefore, when you come out of your homes to go to places of your prayer, remind yourselves about the day when you (your souls) shall come out of your bodies to go to your Lord. When you stand on places of your prayer, remind yourselves of your standing in presence of your Lord (on the day of Judgement). And when you return to your homes (after prayer), remind yourselves about your returning to your homes in Paradise. O Servants of Allah! Verily the minimum reward for those men and women who fasted (during Ramadhan), is an Angel, who calls out to them on the last day of the month of Ramadhan (saying): O SERVANTS OF ALLAH! REJOICE THE GLAD TIDING THAT ALL YOUR PREVIOUS SINS HAVE BEEN FORGIVEN. Therefore, watch out in those things which serve as your re-creation (on this day and days to follow)" Nahjul-Balaghah) EID A’Aamal 1. Recite Takbeeraat (Allah is Great . Allah is Great . There is no god save Allah. And Allah is Great. Allah is Great. (All) praise be to Allah. (We) sing the praises of Allah because He has shown us the Right Path. (We) gratefully thank Him because He takes care of us and looks after our interests.) ALLAAHU AKBAR ALLAAHU AKBAR LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH WALLAAHU AKBAR ALLAAHU AKBAR WA LILLAAHIL H’AMDUL H’AMDU LILLAAH A’LAA MAA HADAA NAA WA LAHUSH SHUKRU A’LAA MAA AWLAAANAA 2. Give Zakaat-e-Fitra, which is 3 kilograms of the item commonly eaten per person in the house and it is better give it before Eed Salaat This is an emphasized Waajib, it is a means of acceptance of our A’amaal during Maahe Ramadhaan and it is also a safeguard against death. 3. Make Ghusl. Recite this Duaa before it: O Allah, believing in Thee, fully aware of Thy Book, following the way of life of Thy Prophet Muhammad, Allah's blessings be on him and on his children, (I take bath). allahumma emanan bika wa tasdedan bikitabika wattiba`a sunnati nabiyyika muhammadin salla allahu `layhi wa alihi اللّهُمّ إِيمَاناً بِكَ وَتَصْدِيقاً بِكِتَابِكَ وَاتّبَاعَ سُنّةِ نَبِيّكَ مُحَمّدٍ صَلَّى اللّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ. Allaahumma Eemanan Bika Wa Tasdeeqan Bi Kitaabika Wa Ittibaa’a Sunnati Nabiyyika Muhammadin Swallallaahu Alayhi Wa Aalihee. Then recite Bismillaah… and start making Ghusl, after finishing recite this Duaa: O Allah let me make amends and compensate for my wrong doings, (so that) my religion becomes pure and O Allah remove the dirt from me. allahumma ij`alhu kaffarattan lidhunube wa tahhir dene allahumma adh-hib `anniya alddanasa اللّهُمّ اجْعَلْهُ كَفَّارَةً لِذُنُوبِي وَطَهّرْ دِينِي. اللّهُمّ أَذْهِبْ عَنّي الدّنَسَ. Allaahummaj’alhoo Kaffaaratan Li Dhunoobee Wa Twahhir Deenee Allaahumma Adh’hib Annid-Danas. 4. Recite Eed-Salaat. 5. Recite Ziyaarat of Imam Husayn (A.S.) 6. Recite Duaa-e-Nudbaa. Sayyid Ibn Tawus has instructed, saying: After recitation of the Du`a' al-Nudbah, prostrate yourself and say the following: أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ نَارٍ حَرّهَا لا يُطْفأُ a`udhu bika min narin harruha la yutfa'u I seek refuge with Thee from the Fire whose hot flames do not get extinguished or grow dim, وَجَدِيدُهَا لا يَبْلَى wa jadeduha la yabla whose energetic intensity does not loose its severity, وَعَطْشَانُهَا لا يُرْوَى. wa `atshanuha la yurwa wherein parched throats never get quenched. You may then put your right cheek on the ground and say the following: O Allah do not throw me down head on into the Fire after I have prostrated in adoration before Thee and thrown myself on the ground to humble myself before Thee; it is not a show of favour from me unto Thee but it is (Thy) merciful benevolence Thou bestows on me. ilahe la tuqallib wajhiya finnari ba`da sujude wa ta`fere laka bighayri mannin minne `alayka bal laka almannu `alayya إِلهِي لا تُقَلّبْ وَجْهِي فِي النَّارِ بَعْدَ سُجُودِي وَتَعْفِيرِي لَكَ بِغَيْرِ مَنّ مِنّي عَلَيْكَ بَلْ لَكَ الْمَنّ عَلَيّ. You may then put your left cheek on the ground and say the following: Have mercy on him who has transgressed and committed blunders, (but) now ashamed surrenders (to Thee) to receive absolution. irham man asa'a waqtarafa wastakana wa`tarafa ارْحَمْ مَنْ أَسَاءَ وَاقْتَرَفَ وَاسْتَكَانَ وَاعْتَرَفَ. You may then return to the (ordinary) prostration and say the following: I am a troublesome servant but Thou art the bountiful Lord-Nourisher. A great many mistakes have been committed by Thy servant but O Compassionate, from Thee (only) Lenient treatment is expected. in kuntu bi'sa al`abdu fa anta ni`ma alrrabbu `a¨uma aldhdhanbu min `abdika falyahsun al`afwa min `indika ya karemu إِنْ كُنْتُ بِئْسَ الْعَبْدُ فَأَنْتَ نِعْمَ الرّبّ، عَظُمَ الذّنْبُ مِنْ عَبْدِكَ فَلْيَحْسُنِ الْعَفْوُ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ يَا كَرِيمُ. You may then repeat the following one hundred times: (I plead for) pardon; (I plead for) pardon. al`afwa al`afwa اَلْعَفْوَ، اَلْعَفْوَ Sayyid Ibn Tawus, then, adds, “Do not spend this day with entertainment and negligence while you do not know whether your deeds have been accepted or rejected. Rather, if you hope of acceptance of your deeds, you must show thanks; and if you anticipate rejection, you must be intensely sad.” It is recommended not to leave one’s house for joining the congregational Eid al-Fitr Prayer before sunrise. It is also recommended to say the supplications that have been mentioned by Sayyid Ibn Tawus in “Iqbal al-A`mal”. One of these supplications is that Abu-Hamzah al-Thumali has reported Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s) as saying, “Whey you ready yourself for joining the congregational Friday Prayers and the Eid Prayers, you may say the following supplication: اللّهُمّ مَنْ تَهَيّأَ فِي هذَا الْيَوْمِ allahumma man tahayya'a fe hadha alyawmi O Allah (may be), today, some (people) make up their mind, أَوْ تَعَبّأَ أَوْ أَعَدّ وَاسْتَعَدّ aw ta`abba'a aw a`adda wa ista`adda or take pains, or get ready and prepare the ground, لِوِفَادَةٍ إِلَى مَخْلُوقٍ liwifadin ila makhluqin to turn to (other) people, رَجَاءَ رِفْدِهِ وَنَوَافِلِهِ raja'a rifdihi wa nawafilihi hopeful of getting favors, gifts, وَفَوَاضِلِهِ وَعَطَايَاهُ wa fawa¤ilihi wa `atayahu benefits and grants, فَإِنّ إِلَيْكَ يَاسَيّدِي تَهْيِئَتِي وَتَعْبِئَتِي fa inna ilayka ya sayyide tahyi'ate wa ta`bi'ate but I take a decisive step, exert myself, وَإِعْدَادِي وَاسْتِعْدَادِي wa i`dade wasti`dade make myself ready and smooth the way, رَجَاءَ رِفْدِكَ وَجَوَائِزِكَ raja'a rifdika wa jawa'izika and turn hopeful unto Thee, O my Master, to obtain favors, compensations, وَنَوَافِلِكَ وَفَوَاضِلِكَ wa nawafilika wa fawa¤ilika gifts, benefits, وَفَضَائِلِكَ وَعَطَايَاكَ، wa fa¤a'ilika wa `atayaka bounties and grants from Thee only, وَقَدْ غَدَوْتُ إِلَى عِيدٍ مِنْ أَعْيَادِ أُمّةِ نَبِيّكَ مُحَمّدٍ wa qad ghadawtu ila `edin min a`yadi ummati nabiyyika muhammadin and find myself celebrating one of the `«d days, commemorated by the followers of Thy Prophet, Muhammad صَلَوَاتُ اللّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ، salawatu allahi `alayhi wa `ala alihi (blessings of Allah be on him and on his children); وَلَمْ أَفِدْ إِلَيْكَ الْيَوْمَ بِعَمَلٍ صَالِحٍ أَثِقُ بِهِ قَدّمْتُهُ، wa lam afid ilayka alyawma bi`amalin salihin athiqu bihe qaddamtuhu (may be) I am not carrying (a weighty load of) good deeds, while approaching Thee, وَلا تَوَجّهْتُ بِمَخْلُوقٍ أَمّلْتُهُ، wala tawajjahtu bimakhluqin ammaltuhu nor am I introducing a creature as my interceder before You وَلكِنْ أَتَيْتُكَ خَاضِعاً wa lakin ataytuka kha¤i`an instead submissively draw near Thee مُقِرّاً بِذُنُوبِي وَإِسَاءَتِي إِلَى نَفْسِي، muqiran bidhunube wa isa'ate ila nafse ashamed of the wrong-doings done to my ownself. فَيَا عَظِيمُ يَا عَظِيمُ يَا عَظِيمُ faya `a¨emu ya `a¨emu ya `a¨emu So, O Almighty, O Almighty, O Almighty, اغْفِرْ لِيَ الْعَظِيمَ مِنْ ذُنُوبِي، ighfir liya al`a¨ema min dhunube forgive me of my grave wrongdoings, فَإِنّهُ لا يَغْفِرُ الذّنُوبَ الْعِظَامَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ fa innahe la yaghfiru aldhdhunuba al`i¨ama illa anta because verily, no one can forgive the serious transgressions save Thou, يَا لا إِلهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ ya la ilaha alla anta O "There is no god save Thou", يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ. ya arhama alrrahimena O the most merciful of all the merciful. SALAT Al - EID The Eid Prayer (Salat al-`«d) consists of two Rak`ahs. In the first Rak`ah, one may recite Surah of al-Fatihah and Surah of al-A`la (No. 87). After the recitation of these Surahs, one may say the takber statement (i.e. allahu-akbar) five times and raise the hands for the Qunut after each takber, saying: اللّهُمّ أَهْلَ الْكِبْرِيَاءِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ، allahumma ahla alkibriya‘i wal-`a¨amati O Allah: You are the Lord of glory and greatness وَأَهْلَ الْجُودِ وَالْجَبَرُوتِ، wa ahla aljudi wal-jabaruti And the Lord of magnanimity and omnipotence وَأَهْلَ الْعَفْوِ وَالرّحْمَةِ، wa ahla al-`afwi wal-rrahmati And the Lord of pardon and mercy, وَأَهْلَ التّقْوَى وَالْمَغْفِرَةِ، wa ahla alttaqwa wal-maghfirati And the worthiest of being feared and the Lord of forgiveness; أَسْأَلُكَ بِحَقّ هذَا الْيَوْمِ الّذِي جَعَلْتَهُ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ عِيداً، as’aluka bihaqqi hadha aliyawmi alladhy ja`altahu lilmuslimena `edan I beseech You in the name of this day, which You have decided to be feast for the Muslims, وَلِمُحَمّدٍ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه ذُخْراً وَمَزِيداً wa limuhammadin salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi dhukhran wa mazedan And to be safety and increasing honor for Muhammad—peace of Allah be upon him and his Household— أَنْ تُصَلّيَ عَلَى مُحَمّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمّدٍ an tusalliya `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin (I beseech You) that You may send blessings upon Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad, وَأَنْ تُدْخِلَنِي فِي كُلّ خَيْرٍ أَدْخَلْتَ فِيهِ مُحَمّداً وَآلَ مُحَمّدٍ، wa an tudkhilany fe kulli khayrin adkhalta fehi muhammadan wa ala muhammadin And You may include me with every item of goodness with which You have included Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad, وَأَنْ تُخْرِجَنِي مِنْ كُلِّ سُوءٍ أَخْرَجْتَ مِنْهُ مُحَمّداً وَآلَ مُحَمّدٍ wa an tukhrijany min kulli su‘in akhrajta minhu muhammadan wa ala muhammadin And that You save me from any item of evil from which You have saved Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad, صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَيْهِمْ. salawatuka `alayhi wa `alayhim May Your blessings be upon him and upon them. اللّهُمّ إِنّي أَسْأَلُكَ خَيْرَ مَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادُكَ الصَّالِحُونَ، allahumma inne as’aluka khayra ma sa’alaka `ibaduka alssalihuna O Allah: I pray You for the best of all that for which Your righteous servants have prayed You, وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِمَّا اسْتَعَاذَ مِنْهُ عِبَادُكَ الصَّالِحُونَ. wa a`udhu bika mimma ista`adha minhu `ibaduka alssalihuna And I seek Your protection against all that against which Your righteous servants have asked Your protection. You may then say the takber for the sixth time, and do the genuflection (ruku`), and prostrate yourself (sujud). When you stand up for the second Rak`ah, recite Surah of al-Fatihah and Surah of al-Shams (No. 91) and then say the takber four times only raising the hands for the Qunut after each takber. After that, say the fifth takber and continue the prayer. After accomplishment of the prayer, say the famous Tasbeh al-Zahra' (a.s). Narrations have mentioned many supplications to be said after the `«d Prayer; rather the best of them may be the forty-fifth supplication of al-Sahefah al-Kamilah al-Sajjadiyyah. It is recommended to offer the Eid Prayer outdoors, directly on the ground without putting a carpet or any other thing under the feet, to return from a way other than the one taken in the coming, to pray Almighty Allah for accepting the acts of one’s brethren-in-faith.

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

last few days our group held a similar talk on this subject and you show something we have not covered yet, appreciate that.

- Kris