Friday, July 25, 2008

Prominent Characteristics and merits of the Imam of the time

By: Allama Baqir Sharif al-QarashiTranslated by: Sayyid Athar Husain S.H. Rizvi The predominant characteristics and personal traits of His Eminence, Mahdi (a.s) are the same as that of his honorable ancestors and forefathers, the Holy Imams (a.s). Those great personages were the centers of mercy and torchbearers of effulgence of guidance on the earth, as the Almighty had sent them for the guidance of His creatures, they were created from effulgence, and appointed as guides and callers to Himself. Some of the important merits of the Holy Imam Mahdi (a.s) are as follows: Encompassing knowledge of the Imam of the time It is an established fact that His Eminence, wou[1] Muhajjud Dawat, Pg. 84-86 [2] Formula: There is no God, except Allah and make them attain the best of their hope for Your victory wa ballighhum daraka ma ya'malunahu min nasrika وَبَلِّغْهُمْ دَرَكَ مَا يَأمَلُونَهُ مِنْ نَصْرِكَ and save them against the influence of those who have determined to contravene You wakfuf `anhum ba'sa man nasaba alkhilafa `alayka وَاكْفُفْ عَنْهُمْ بَأْسَ مَنْ نَصَبَ الْخِلاَفَ عَلَيْكَ and those who have rebelled to stand against You by committing whatever violates You wa tamarrada biman`ika `ala rukubi mukhalafatika وَتَمَرَّدَ بِمَنْعِكَ عَلَى رُكُوبِ مُخَالَفَتِكَ and those who have used Your aid to weaken Your authority wasta`ana birifdika `ala falli haddika وَاسْتَعَانَ بِرِفْدِكَ عَلَى فَلِّ حَدِّكَ and those who have aimed at plotting conspiracies against You wa qasada likaydika bika وَقَصَدَ لِكَيْدِكَ بِكَ and You have treated them with Your forbearance so that You shall seize them openly wa awsa`tahu hilman lita'khudhahu `ala jahratin وَأوْسَعْتَهُ حِلْماً لِتَأْخُذَهُ عَلَى جَهْرَةٍ and You shall eliminate them abruptly. wa tasta'silahu `ala ghirratin وَتَسْتَأْصِلَهُ عَلَى غِرَّةٍ Verily, You have said, and all that which You say is but the utter truth: fa'innaka alllahumma qulta wa qawluka alhaqqu: فَإنَّكَ اللَّهُمَّ قُلْتَ وَقَوْلُكَ الْحَقُّ: "…until when the earth puts on its golden raiment and it becomes garnished, (hatta idha akhadhati al-ardu zukhrufaha wazzayyanat (حَتَّى إذَا أَخَذَتِ الأَرْضُ زُخْرُفَهَا وَازَّيَّنَتْ and its people think that they have power over it, wa ¨anna ahluha annahum qadiruna `alayha وَظَنَّ أَهْلُهَا أنَّهُمْ قَادِرُونَ عَلَيْهَ Our command comes to it, by night or by day, ataha amruna laylan aw naharan أتَاهَا أَمْرُنَا لَيْلاً أوْ نَهَار so We render it as reaped seed; produce, as though it had not been in existence yesterday; faja`alnaha hasidan ka'an lam taghna bil-amsi فَجَعَلْنَاهَا حَصِيداً كَأَنْ لَمْ تَغْنَ بِالأَمْسِ thus do We make clear the communications for a people who reflect. (10/24)" kadhalika nufassilu al-ayati liqawmin yatafakkaruna) كَذَلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ) You have also said: "Then, when they displeased Us, We inflicted a retribution on them. (43/55)" wa qulta: (falamma asafuna intaqamna minhum) وَقُلْتَ: (فَلَمَّا آسَفُونَا انْتَقَمْنَا مِنْهُمْ) Verily, the deadline in our view has come to its end wa inna alghayata `indana qad tanahat وَإنَّ الْغَايَةَ عِنْدَنَا قَدْ تَنَاهَتْ and we are furious for Your wrath wa inna lighadabika ghadibuna وَإنَّا لِغَضَبِكَ غَاضِبُونَ and we are determined to support the right wa inna `ala nasri alhaqqi muta`asibuna وَإنَّا عَلَى نَصْرِ الْحَقِّ مُتَعَاصِبُونَ and we are eager for engaging ourselves in this affair of You wa ila wurudi amrika mushtaquna وَإلَى وُرُودِ أمْرِكَ مُشْتَاقُونَ and we are waiting for the fulfillment of Your promise wa li'injazi wa`dika murtaqibuna وَلإنْجَازِ وَعْدِكَ مُرْتَقِبُونَ and we are expecting the befalling of Your threat concerning Your enemies. wa lihululi wa`idika bi'a`da'ika mutawaqqi`una وَلِحُلُولِ وَعِيدِكَ بِأَعْدَائِكَ مُتَوَقِّعُونَ O Allah: (please) then permit that and open the ways for him (to appear) allahumma fa'dhan bidhalika waftah turuqatihi اَللَّهُمَّ فَأْذَنْ بِذَلِكَ وَافْتَحْ طُرُقَاتِهِ and make easy his advent and pave the way for him wa sahhil khurujahu wa wattI' masalikahu وَسَهِّلْ خُرُوجَهُ وَوَطِّئْ مَسَالِكَهُ and decide his courses to start and aid his followers and supporters washra` shara'i`ahu wa ayyid junudahu wa a`wanahu وَاشْرَعْ شَرَائِعَهُ وَأَيِّدْ جُنُودَهُ وَأَعْوَانَهُ and begin with inflicting Your power over the oppressors wa badir ba'saka alqawma al¨¨alimina وَبَادِرْ بَأْسَكَ الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ and unsheathe the sword of Your retribution over Your stubborn enemies wastu sayfa naqimatika `ala a`da'ika almu`anidina وَاسْطُ سَيْفَ نَقِمَتِكَ عَلَى أعْدَائِكَ الْمُعَانِدِينَ and take the revenge. Verily, You are All-magnanimous, All-generous. wa khudh bilththa'ri innaka jawadun karimun وَخُذْ بِالثَّأْرِ إنَّكَ جَوَادٌ كَرِيمٌ. In this blessed supplication, His Eminence has clearly explained that he is very eager for his reappearance and extremely keen to enliven the religion and practice of his grandfather, the chief of the prophets and to take revenge from the enemies of Islam and monotheism. He is very keen and desirous to reappear as soon as possible. Valor of the Imam of the time His Eminence, Mahdi (a.s) is the bravest and the most valiant of all the people. In strength, power, courage and daring, he is like his great grandfather, the Messenger of Allah (a.s), because His Eminence, with all his capacity uprooted the powers of polytheism and destroyed roots of ignorance and oppression and announced the rights and honor of human beings. The Prophet of Islam rose against the leaders of oppression and enemies of Islam who intended to destroy and humiliate the lofty religion of God and destroyed their leaders and dispersed their supporters and bestowed honor and majesty to the word of Allah on the earth. In the same way, his great grandson and caliph, the Promised Imam, will also perform the same function. He would make the oppressors and rebels taste their misdeeds. And with firm determination, bereft of sloth, reinfuse greatness and honor to Islam without in any way surrendering to any sort of difficult matter and painful circumstances due to weakness and lack of attitude. Steadfastness of the Imam of the time in rightfulness His Eminence, the Awaited Imam is among the most steadfast defenders of truth and his defense and help for the oppressed and tortured one is more than that of anyone else. No kind of criticism hinders him from the deliverance of truth and its establishment. The forefather and elders of His Eminence supported truth and displayed steadfastness in the face of falsehood and presented their sacrifice for social justice among the people. His Eminence, the Mahdi (a.s) also possesses the same quality. When the world shall be illuminated by the reappearance of the Qaim of the Progeny of Muhammad and humanity would become fortunate by the advent of His Eminence, His Eminence would enliven all aspects of truth and destroy every kind of fraud, cheating and oppression. Generosity of the Imam of the time His Eminence, the Awaited Imam is the most generous and charitable among all the people. Narrators of traditions are unanimous that during the time of his government, His Eminence would distribute bounties and sustenance of God among all the poor people in such a way that not a single poor and needy person would remain on the face of the earth; so much so, that a person who desires to pay his Zakat to the eligible one would not be able to find a single recipient of alms. Some of these types of traditions are presented below:[1] a. Abu Saeed Khudri has narrated from the Prophet of Islam, in the events of His Eminence, Mahdi (a.s) that he said, "A man comes to him and says, 'O Mahdi! Give me! Give me!' His Eminence fills his utensil to the extent of what he could lift." b. Ibne Asakir has quoted from the Messenger of Allah (a.s) that he said, "In the last age there would be a caliph who would pile up wealth."[2] ld be the most knowledgeable and possess proficiency in all the sciences because he is the heir of his grandfather, the Messenger of Allah (a.s) and he is the custodian of the treasure of prophetic wisdom. He is having encompassing knowledge about the religious law and the various aspects of the Shariah of his grandfather, the chief of the prophets. It is one of the comprehensive sciences of the Awaited Imam. The Purified Imams have mentioned the high intellectual level of Imam Mahdi (a.s) in their sayings issued long before he was born in this world. 1. His Eminence, Amirul Momineen (a.s) says with regard to the virtues of Imam Mahdi (a.s), “He shall be most refuge-giving and the one having most knowledge and the one who does the most ‘Sile Raham’ (doing good to relatives).”[1] [1] Ghaybah, Nomani 2. Harth Ibne Mughaira Nazari says, “I inquired from His Eminence, Aba Abdillah Husain Bin Ali (a.s), ‘From what would the Mahdi be recognizeda’ He replied, ‘By recognizing the permissible and the prohibited and by the fact that people would be needful of him while he would not be needful of them.’”[1] 3. His Eminence, Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s) said, “His matter, that is, Kingdom would be from the youngest and the most handsome of us (the Progeny of Muhammad). The Almighty Allah would give him knowledge in inheritance and not leave him on his own (rather He is his helper and supporter).”[2] 4. His Eminence, Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s) said, “Knowledge of Almighty Allah, the Mighty and Sublime and the Sunnah (practice) of the Messenger of Allah (a.s) grows luxuriantly in the heart of our Mahdi in the best form. Any of you that survives and sees it should say when you see him: ‘Peace be upon you (all) of Ahle Bayt of Mercy and Prophethood and the mines of knowledge and the location of messengership.’”[3] Under the discussion of his excellent knowledge and accomplishments of His Eminence it is narrated that when he would reappear, he will discuss and prove his points with the Jews on the basis of Torah as a result of which a majority of them would accept Islam.[4] His Eminence, Mahdi (a.s) during the minor occultation, was the sole point of reference and the greatest center of the final decision. Therefore the special deputies used to convey the questions of the people to the Holy Imam and obtain their replies. Such questions in large numbers are recorded in books [1] Iqdud Durar [2] Iqdud Durar, Pg. 109 [3] Kamaluddin [4] Bihar, etc of jurisprudence and traditions and they serve as references for the Islamic jurisprudents in deriving their verdicts. It is better to reiterate here that Shaykh Saduq (a.r.) had collected many replies bearing the signature of the Holy Imam. Piety of the Imam of the time The character and hearts of the Imams of Ahle Bayt (a.s) in all aspects of thoughts and actions (among them is piety in the world and giving up of material pleasures and joys) are same for all of them. It is not possible to pick out a single instance from them but that it would be found to be piety in the world and the renunciation of material things. His Eminence, Amirul Momineen (a.s), the gate of the city of knowledge of the Messenger of Allah (a.s) in fact, divorced the world thrice so that it did not remain worthy of reconciliation. His pure and chaste descendents have also been bestowed with this exalted quality. Many traditions regarding the piety of Imam Mahdi (a.s) are recorded in history. Some of them are presented below: a. Muammar Ibne Khuld has narrated from Imam Reza (a.s) the he said, “The dress and food of the Qaim of the Progeny of Muhammad shall be coarse and dry.”[1] b. Abu Basir has quoted that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said, “Do not be in haste of the advent and reappearance of the Imam of the time. By Allah, his dress shall be coarse and his food, barley bread, thick and dense.”[2] c. Ali Ibne Hamzah and Wahab have narrated from Imam Sadiq (a.s) that he proclaimed regarding His Eminence, the Awaited Imam, “His dress is coarse and thick and his food is hard and rigid.”[3] [1] Ghaybah, Nomani [2] Ghaybah, Nomani [3] Ghaybah, Nomani It is an established fact that this method is found in all aspects of the life of His Eminence. If he had not possessed such mannerism, the Almighty Allah would not have selected him for the greatest reformative movement, from all the personalities of the earth. Then he it is, who would make the earth abound with justice and equity, as it would be completely fraught with injustice and oppression, and he would save humanity from arrogance and pride of oppressors. He would distribute divine wealth and goodness between deprived and needy people. Patience of Imam of the Time One of the prominent characteristics and spiritual excellence of His Eminence is patience and forbearance. His Eminence is encountering more severe problems and calamities than faced by all the infallible Imams. During his prolonged life he has experienced many bitter incidents and great tragedies, which has made the Islamic world black and broken its limbs and the Muslim community with these pieces, is subjugated under the yoke of disbelievers and tyrants and struggling in that position. Such types of different oppressions have become common in the world of Islam and the divine rules and laws have been rendered useless. The wealth of the Muslims has been plundered and they interfere in all the decisions of the Muslim nation and they force their own view upon them. All these calamities and corruptions are being wrought under the very eyes of His Eminence and he, being the father of the broken-up community, is very much pained by it. He has indeed resorted to patience and forbearance and entrusted everything to the Almighty. And this is so because He is the One, Who has everything in His power, and He is the true Ruler on His creatures, and there is no kind of any command or opinion for anyone else. Worship of the Imam of the time It is beyond any doubt that the worship of His Eminence, Mahdi (a.s) is also like the worship of his respected forefathers, the Purified Imams (a.s). All the Imams had devoted their whole lives to the Almighty Allah. They have deeply imbibed the love and regard of Allah in the depths of their hearts. Their complete beings are surrounded by the love of Almighty. That is why they fasted most of the days and prayed during the better part of the night, extolling and praising the Lord. Yes, the method of worship of the Awaited Imam is also same. Therefore, the tradition scholars have recorded some of his supplications in the ritual prayers or otherwise, that point out the extreme piety and attachment of the Holy Imam with his Lord and his aloofness from everything else. Some of them we present below: Supplications of the Imam of the time in the Qunut of Ritual Prayers His Eminence, the Master of the Age, recites the following supplication in the Qunut of his ritual prayers. The actual supplication is as follows: O Allah: the Master of the Kingdom allahumma malika almulki اَللَّهُمَّ مَالِكَ الْمُلْكِ You give the kingdom to whomsoever You please tu´tiy almulka man tasha'u تُؤتِي الْمُلْكَ مَنْ تَشَاءُ and take away the kingdom from whomsoever You please wa tanzi`u almulka mimman tasha'u وَتَنْزِعُ الْمُلْكَ مِمَّنْ تَشَاءُ and You exalt whom You please wa tu`izzu man tasha'u وَتُعِزُّ مَنْ تَشَاءُ and You abase whom You please wa tudhillu man tasha'u وَتُذِلُّ مَنْ تَشَاءُ in Your hand is the good; biyadika alkhayru بِيَدِكَ الْخَيْرُ surety, You have power over all things innaka `ala kulli shay'in qadirun إنَّكَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ O the All-glorious; O the All-magnanimous ya majidu ya jawadu يَا مَاجِدُ يَا جَوَادُ O the Lord of Majesty and Honor ya dha aljalali wal-ikrami يَا ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَالإكْرَامِ O the Lord of the great might ya dha albatshi alshshadidi يَا ذَا الْبَطْشِ الشَّدِيدِ O He Who does whatever He wills ya fa`-`alun lima yuridu يَا فَعَّالٌ لِمَا يُرِيدُ O the Lord of power; O the Strong ya dha alquwwati almatinu يَا ذَا الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ O the All-affectionate; O the All-merciful ya ra´ufu ya rahimu يَا رَؤُوفُ يَا رَحِيمُ O the Living when there was no other one living ya hayyu hina la hayyu يَا حَيُّ حِينَ لاَ حَيُّ I beseech You by Your Name, the stored, the concealed as'aluka bismika almakhzuni almaknuni أسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الْمَخْزُونِ الْمَكْنُونِ the Ever-Living, the Self-Subsisting alhayyi alqayyumi الْحَيِّ الْقَيُّومِ Whom You have taken up in the Unseen Knowledge with You alladhi ista'tharta bihi fi `ilmi alghaybi `indaka الَّذِي اسْتَأْثَرْتَ بِهِ فِي عِلْمِ الْغَيْبِ عِنْدَكَ and none of Your creatures has ever known about wa lam yattali` `alayhi ahadun min khalqika وَلَمْ يَطَّلِعْ عَلَيْهِ أحَدٌ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ and I beseech You by Your Name through which You shape Your creatures as You like wa as'aluka bismika alladhi tusawwiru bihi khalqaka fi alarhami kayfa tasha'u وَأسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِي تُصَوِّرُ بِهِ خَلْقَكَ فِي الأَرْحَامِ كَيْفَ تَشَاءُ and through which You deliver them their sustenance in the layers of murk from between the veins and the bones wa bihi tasuqu ilayhim arzaqahum fi atbaqi al¨¨ulumati min bayni al`uruqi wal`i¨ami وَبِهِ تَسُوقُ إلَيْهِمْ أرْزَاقَهُمْ فِي أطْبَاقِ الظُّلُمَاتِ مِنْ بَيْنِ الْعُرُوقِ وَالْعِظَامِ and I beseech You by Your Name through which You united the hearts of Your friends wa as'aluka bismika alladhi allafta bihi bayna qulubi awliya'ika وَأسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِي ألَّفْتَ بِهِ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِ أوْلِيَائِكَ and You united between ice and fire wa allafta bayna alththalji walnnari وَألَّفْتَ بَيْنَ الثَّلْجِ وَالنَّارِ neither fire melts ice la hadha yudhibu hadha لاَ هَذَا يُذِيبُ هَذَ nor ice extinguishes fire wa la hadha yutfi'u hadha وَلا هَذَا يُطْفِئُ هَذَا. and I beseech You by Your Name through which You generated the flavor of water wa as'aluka bismika alladhi kawwanta bihi ta`ma almiyahi وَأسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِي كَوَّنْتَ بِهِ طَعْمَ الْمِيَاهِ and I beseech You by Your Name through which You made water flow in the roots of plants between the layers of the earth wa as'aluka bismika alladhi ajrayta bihi alma'a fi `uruqi alnnabati bayna atbaqi alththara وَأسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِي أجْرَيْتَ بِهِ الْمَاءَ فِي عُرُوقِ النَّبَاتِ بَيْنَ أطْبَاقِ الثَّرَ and You made water reach the roots of the trees from hard rocks wa suqta alma'a ila `uruqi al-ashjari bayna alssakhrati alssamma'i وَسُقْتَ الْمَاءَ إلَى عُرُوقِ الأشْجَارِ بَيْنَ الصَّخْرَةِ الصَّمَّاءِ and I beseech You by Your Name through which You created the flavor and colors of fruits wa as'aluka bismika alladhi kawwanta bihi ta`ma alththimari wa alwanaha وَأسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِي كَوَّنْتَ بِهِ طَعْمَ الثِّمَارِ وَألْوَانَهَ and I beseech You by Your Name through which You begin the creation and then reproduce it wa as'aluka bismika alladhi bihi tubdi wa tu`idu وَأسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِي بِهِ تُبْدِي وَتُعِيدُ and I beseech You by Your Name; the Single, the One wa as'aluka bismika alfardi alwahidi وَأسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الْفَرْدِ الْوَاحِدِ the Unique in singleness walmutafarridi bilwahdaniyyati وَالْمُتَفَرِّدِ بِالْوَحْدَانِيَّةِ the Single in Eternity almutawahhidi bilssamadaniyyati الْمُتَوَحِّدِ بِالصَّمَدَانِيَّةِ and I beseech You by Your Name through which You burst water in hard rocks wa as'aluka bismika alladhi fajjarta bihi alma'a fi alssakhrati alssamma'i وَأسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِي فَجَّرْتَ بِهِ الْمَاءَ فِي الصَّخْرَةِ الصَّمَّاءِ and You drove it from whence You willed wa suqtahu min haythu shi'ta وَسُقْتَهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ شِئْتَ and I beseech You by Your Name through which You created the creatures wa as'aluka bismika alladhi khalaqta bihi khalqaka وَأسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِي خَلَقْتَ بِهِ خَلْقَكَ and You provided them as You will and however You will warazaqtahum kayfa shi'ta wakayfa tasha'u وَرَزَقْتَهُمْ كَيْفَ شِئْتَ وَكَيْفَ تَشَاءُ O He Who is never changed by days and nights ya man la tughayyiruhu al-ayyamu wallayali يَا مَنْ لاَ تُغَيِّرُهُ الأيَّامُ وَاللَّيَالِي I pray You with the prayer of Noah when he called at You ad`uka bima da`aka bihi nuhun hina nadaka أدْعُوكَ بِمَا دَعَاكَ بِهِ نُوحٌ حِينَ نَادَاكَ So, You saved him as well as those who were with him and You destroyed his people fa-anjaytahu waman ma`ahu wa ahlakta qawmahu فَأنْجَيْتَهُ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ وَأهْلَكْتَ قَوْمَهُ and I pray You with the prayer of Abraham, Your intimate friend, when he called at You, wa ad`uka bima da`aka bihi ibrahimu khaliluka hina nadaka وَأدْعُوكَ بِمَا دَعَاكَ بِهِ إبْرَاهِيمُ خَلِيلُكَ حِينَ نَادَاكَ So, You saved him and made fire comfort and peace on him fa-anjaytahu wa ja`alta alnnara `alayhi bardan wa salaman فَأنْجَيْتَهُ وَجَعَلْتَ النَّارَ عَلَيْهِ بَرْداً وَسَلاَم and I pray You with the prayer of Moses, the spoken by You, when he called at You wa ad`uka bima da`aka bihi musa kalimuka hina nadaka وَأدْعُوكَ بِمَا دَعَاكَ بِهِ مُوسَى كَلِيمُكَ حِينَ نَادَاكَ So, You split asunder the sea for him and saved him as well as the children of Israel fafalaqta lahu albahra fa-anjaytahu wa bani isra'ila فَفَلَقْتَ لَهُ الْبَحْرَ فَأنْجَيْتَهُ وَبَنِي إسْرَائِيلَ and You sank the Pharaoh and his people in the river wa aghraqta fir`awna wa qawmahu fi alyammi وَأغْرَقْتَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَقَوْمَهُ فِي الْيَمِّ and I pray You with the prayer of Jesus, Your Spirit, when he called at You wa ad`uka bima da`aka bihi `isa ruhuka hina nadaka وَأدْعُوكَ بِمَا دَعَاكَ بِهِ عِيسَى رُوحُكَ حِينَ نَادَاكَ So, You saved him against Your enemies and You elevated him towards You fanajjaytahu min a`da'ika wa ilayka rafa`tahu فَنَجَّيْتَهُ مِنْ أعْدَائِكَ وَإلَيْكَ رَفَعْتَهُ and I pray You with the prayer of Your most-dear, choice, and Prophet wa ad`uka bima da`aka bihi habibuka wa safiyyuka wa nabiyyuka وَأدْعُوكَ بِمَا دَعَاكَ بِهِ حَبِيبُكَ وَصَفِيُّكَ وَنَبِيُّكَ Muhammad, peace be upon him and his Household muhammadun salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi مُحَمَّدٌ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ So, You responded to him and saved him from the Allied Parties fastajabta lahu wa mina al-ahzabi najjaytahu فَاسْتَجَبْتَ لَهُ وَمِنَ الأحْزَابِ نَجَّيْتَهُ and You supported him against Your enemies wa `ala a`da'ika nasartahu وَعَلَى أعْدَائِكَ نَصَرْتَهُ and I beseech You by Your Name that You answer the prayer of whoever beseeches You by it wa as'aluka bismika alladhi idha du`ita bihi ajabta وَأسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِي إذَا دُعِيتَ بِهِ أجَبْتَ O He Who owns creatures and all affairs ya man lahu alkhalqu wal-amru يَا مَنْ لَهُ الْخَلْقُ وَالأَمْرُ and He Whose knowledge encompasses all things ya man ahata bikulli shay'in `ilman يَا مَنْ أحَاطَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عِلْم O He Who records the number of all things ya man ahsa kulla shay'in `adadan يَا مَنْ أحْصَى كُلَّ شَيْءٍ عَدَد O He Who is never changed by days and nights ya man la tughayyiruhu al-ayyamu wal-layali يَا مَنْ لاَ تُغَيِّرُهُ الأَيَّامُ وَاللَّيَالِي and He Whom is not confused by sounds wa la tatashabahu `alayhi al-aswatu وَلاَ تَتَشَابَهُ عَلَيْهِ الأَصْوَاتُ and He Whom is not unaware of languages wa la takhfa `alayhi allughatu وَلاَ تَخْفَى عَلَيْهِ اللُّغَاتُ and He Whom is not annoyed by the insistence of the earnest pleaders wa la yubrimuhu ilhahu almulihhina وَلاَ يُبْرِمُهُ إلْحَاحُ الْمُلِحِّينَ I beseech You to send blessings upon Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad as'aluka an tusalliya `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin أسْأَلُكَ أنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ the choicest of all your creatures khiyaratika min khalqika خِيَرَتِكَ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ So, (please do) bless them with the most favorable of Your blessings fasalli `alayhim bi-afdali salawatika فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ بِأَفْضَلِ صَلَوَاتِكَ and also bless all Your Prophets and Messengers wa salli `ala jami`i alnnabiyyina walmursalina وَصَلِّ عَلَى جَمِيعِ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالْمُرْسَلِينَ Who have conveyed true guidance from You alladhina ballaghu `anka alhuda الَّذِينَ بَلَّغُوا عَنْكَ الْهُدَى and bound themselves with covenants of obedience to You wa `aqadu laka almawathiqa biltta`ati وَعَقَدُوا لَكَ الْمَوَاثِيقَ بِالطَّاعَةِ and bless Your righteous servants wa salli `ala `ibadika alssalihina وَصَلِّ عَلَى عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِينَ O He Who never breaks his promise ya man la yukhlifu almi`ada يَا مَنْ لاَ يُخْلِفُ الْمِيعَادَ (Please do) fulfill Your promise to me anjiz li ma wa`adtani أنْجِزْ لِي مَا وَعَدْتَنِي and bring together my companions and confer upon them with patience wajma` li ashabi wa sabbirhum وَاجْمَعْ لِي أصْحَابِي وَصَبِّرْهُمْ and give me victory against Your enemies and the enemies of Your Messenger wansurni `ala a`da'ika wa a`da'i rasulika وَانْصُرْنِي عَلَى أعْدَائِكَ وَأعْدَاءِ رَسُولِكَ and do not disappoint my prayers wa la tukhayyib du`a'i وَلاَ تُخَيِّبْ دُعَائِي for I am verily Your servant and the son of Your bondwoman fa inni `abduka wabnu amatika فَإنِّي عَبْدُكَ وَابْنُ أَمَتِكَ and I am prisoner at You asirun bayna yadayka أسِيرٌ بَيْنَ يَدَيْكَ My Master! It is You Who have endowed me this position sayyidi anta alladhi mananta `alayya bihadha almuqami سَيِّدِي أنْتَ الَّذِي مَنَنْتَ عَلَيَّ بِهَذَا الْمُقَامِ and You have conferred upon me with it from among many of Your creatures wa tafaddalta bihi `alayya duna kathirin min khalqika وَتَفَضَّلْتَ بِهِ عَلَيَّ دُونَ كَثِيرٍ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ I beseech You to send blessings upon Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad as'aluka an tusalliya `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin أسْأَلُكَ أنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ and to fulfill Your promise to me wa an tunjiza li ma wa`adtani وَأنْ تُنْجِزَ لِي مَا وَعَدْتَنِي Verily, You are the true Honest innaka anta alssadiqu إنَّكَ أنْتَ الصَّادِقُ and You never break Your promise wa la tukhlifu almi`ada وَلاَ تُخْلِفُ الْمِيعَادَ and You have power over all things.[1] wa anta `ala kulli shay'in qadirun وَأنْتَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ. This blessed supplication mentions the unimaginable power of the Lord Creator Who has brought everything into existence. He is the One Who bestows existence and is the originator of all creatures. In the same way the supplication also proves that His Eminence, begs to the Almighty for help and success over the enemies of Allah and the prophets. And also desires that his helpers should be gathered so that the religion may be enlivened and bestow exaltation of the Kalimah.[2] Another Supplication of the Imam of the time His Eminence, Mahdi (a.s) recites the following blessed supplication in some of his prayers: O Allah: Bless Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ and honor Your friends by fulfilling Your promise (to them) wa akrim awliya'aka bi-injazi wa`dika وَأكْرِمْ أوْلِيَائَكَ بِإنْجَازِ وَعْدِكَ [1] Muhajjud Dawat, Pg. 84-86 [2] Formula: There is no God, except Allah and make them attain the best of their hope for Your victory wa ballighhum daraka ma ya'malunahu min nasrika وَبَلِّغْهُمْ دَرَكَ مَا يَأمَلُونَهُ مِنْ نَصْرِكَ and save them against the influence of those who have determined to contravene You wakfuf `anhum ba'sa man nasaba alkhilafa `alayka وَاكْفُفْ عَنْهُمْ بَأْسَ مَنْ نَصَبَ الْخِلاَفَ عَلَيْكَ and those who have rebelled to stand against You by committing whatever violates You wa tamarrada biman`ika `ala rukubi mukhalafatika وَتَمَرَّدَ بِمَنْعِكَ عَلَى رُكُوبِ مُخَالَفَتِكَ and those who have used Your aid to weaken Your authority wasta`ana birifdika `ala falli haddika وَاسْتَعَانَ بِرِفْدِكَ عَلَى فَلِّ حَدِّكَ and those who have aimed at plotting conspiracies against You wa qasada likaydika bika وَقَصَدَ لِكَيْدِكَ بِكَ and You have treated them with Your forbearance so that You shall seize them openly wa awsa`tahu hilman lita'khudhahu `ala jahratin وَأوْسَعْتَهُ حِلْماً لِتَأْخُذَهُ عَلَى جَهْرَةٍ and You shall eliminate them abruptly. wa tasta'silahu `ala ghirratin وَتَسْتَأْصِلَهُ عَلَى غِرَّةٍ Verily, You have said, and all that which You say is but the utter truth: fa'innaka alllahumma qulta wa qawluka alhaqqu: فَإنَّكَ اللَّهُمَّ قُلْتَ وَقَوْلُكَ الْحَقُّ: "…until when the earth puts on its golden raiment and it becomes garnished, (hatta idha akhadhati al-ardu zukhrufaha wazzayyanat (حَتَّى إذَا أَخَذَتِ الأَرْضُ زُخْرُفَهَا وَازَّيَّنَتْ and its people think that they have power over it, wa ¨anna ahluha annahum qadiruna `alayha وَظَنَّ أَهْلُهَا أنَّهُمْ قَادِرُونَ عَلَيْهَ Our command comes to it, by night or by day, ataha amruna laylan aw naharan أتَاهَا أَمْرُنَا لَيْلاً أوْ نَهَار so We render it as reaped seed; produce, as though it had not been in existence yesterday; faja`alnaha hasidan ka'an lam taghna bil-amsi فَجَعَلْنَاهَا حَصِيداً كَأَنْ لَمْ تَغْنَ بِالأَمْسِ thus do We make clear the communications for a people who reflect. (10/24)" kadhalika nufassilu al-ayati liqawmin yatafakkaruna) كَذَلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ) You have also said: "Then, when they displeased Us, We inflicted a retribution on them. (43/55)" wa qulta: (falamma asafuna intaqamna minhum) وَقُلْتَ: (فَلَمَّا آسَفُونَا انْتَقَمْنَا مِنْهُمْ) Verily, the deadline in our view has come to its end wa inna alghayata `indana qad tanahat وَإنَّ الْغَايَةَ عِنْدَنَا قَدْ تَنَاهَتْ and we are furious for Your wrath wa inna lighadabika ghadibuna وَإنَّا لِغَضَبِكَ غَاضِبُونَ and we are determined to support the right wa inna `ala nasri alhaqqi muta`asibuna وَإنَّا عَلَى نَصْرِ الْحَقِّ مُتَعَاصِبُونَ and we are eager for engaging ourselves in this affair of You wa ila wurudi amrika mushtaquna وَإلَى وُرُودِ أمْرِكَ مُشْتَاقُونَ and we are waiting for the fulfillment of Your promise wa li'injazi wa`dika murtaqibuna وَلإنْجَازِ وَعْدِكَ مُرْتَقِبُونَ and we are expecting the befalling of Your threat concerning Your enemies. wa lihululi wa`idika bi'a`da'ika mutawaqqi`una وَلِحُلُولِ وَعِيدِكَ بِأَعْدَائِكَ مُتَوَقِّعُونَ O Allah: (please) then permit that and open the ways for him (to appear) allahumma fa'dhan bidhalika waftah turuqatihi اَللَّهُمَّ فَأْذَنْ بِذَلِكَ وَافْتَحْ طُرُقَاتِهِ and make easy his advent and pave the way for him wa sahhil khurujahu wa wattI' masalikahu وَسَهِّلْ خُرُوجَهُ وَوَطِّئْ مَسَالِكَهُ and decide his courses to start and aid his followers and supporters washra` shara'i`ahu wa ayyid junudahu wa a`wanahu وَاشْرَعْ شَرَائِعَهُ وَأَيِّدْ جُنُودَهُ وَأَعْوَانَهُ and begin with inflicting Your power over the oppressors wa badir ba'saka alqawma al¨¨alimina وَبَادِرْ بَأْسَكَ الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ and unsheathe the sword of Your retribution over Your stubborn enemies wastu sayfa naqimatika `ala a`da'ika almu`anidina وَاسْطُ سَيْفَ نَقِمَتِكَ عَلَى أعْدَائِكَ الْمُعَانِدِينَ and take the revenge. Verily, You are All-magnanimous, All-generous. wa khudh bilththa'ri innaka jawadun karimun وَخُذْ بِالثَّأْرِ إنَّكَ جَوَادٌ كَرِيمٌ. In this blessed supplication, His Eminence has clearly explained that he is very eager for his reappearance and extremely keen to enliven the religion and practice of his grandfather, the chief of the prophets and to take revenge from the enemies of Islam and monotheism. He is very keen and desirous to reappear as soon as possible. Valor of the Imam of the time His Eminence, Mahdi (a.s) is the bravest and the most valiant of all the people. In strength, power, courage and daring, he is like his great grandfather, the Messenger of Allah (a.s), because His Eminence, with all his capacity uprooted the powers of polytheism and destroyed roots of ignorance and oppression and announced the rights and honor of human beings. The Prophet of Islam rose against the leaders of oppression and enemies of Islam who intended to destroy and humiliate the lofty religion of God and destroyed their leaders and dispersed their supporters and bestowed honor and majesty to the word of Allah on the earth. In the same way, his great grandson and caliph, the Promised Imam, will also perform the same function. He would make the oppressors and rebels taste their misdeeds. And with firm determination, bereft of sloth, reinfuse greatness and honor to Islam without in any way surrendering to any sort of difficult matter and painful circumstances due to weakness and lack of attitude. Steadfastness of the Imam of the time in rightfulness His Eminence, the Awaited Imam is among the most steadfast defenders of truth and his defense and help for the oppressed and tortured one is more than that of anyone else. No kind of criticism hinders him from the deliverance of truth and its establishment. The forefather and elders of His Eminence supported truth and displayed steadfastness in the face of falsehood and presented their sacrifice for social justice among the people. His Eminence, the Mahdi (a.s) also possesses the same quality. When the world shall be illuminated by the reappearance of the Qaim of the Progeny of Muhammad and humanity would become fortunate by the advent of His Eminence, His Eminence would enliven all aspects of truth and destroy every kind of fraud, cheating and oppression. Generosity of the Imam of the time His Eminence, the Awaited Imam is the most generous and charitable among all the people. Narrators of traditions are unanimous that during the time of his government, His Eminence would distribute bounties and sustenance of God among all the poor people in such a way that not a single poor and needy person would remain on the face of the earth; so much so, that a person who desires to pay his Zakat to the eligible one would not be able to find a single recipient of alms. Some of these types of traditions are presented below:[1] a. Abu Saeed Khudri has narrated from the Prophet of Islam, in the events of His Eminence, Mahdi (a.s) that he said, "A man comes to him and says, 'O Mahdi! Give me! Give me!' His Eminence fills his utensil to the extent of what he could lift." b. Ibne Asakir has quoted from the Messenger of Allah (a.s) that he said, "In the last age there would be a caliph who would pile up wealth."[2] [1] Yanabiul Mawaddah, Pg 431 [2] Tarikh, Ibne Asakir, 1/186 c. Jabir has narrated that he was in the company of His Eminence, Abu Ja'far Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s) when a person came to him and addressing the Imam said, "Please accept these 500 dirhams, that is the Zakat of my wealth, and spend it in a suitable way." His Eminence, Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s) said, "Search for them yourself in your neighbors, orphans, the needy and brothers-in-faith and distribute it among them. And it is the time when our Qaim would rise so that he could distribute it in equitable way and establish justice among the creatures of God, according to their good or evil. One who obeys him has obeyed Allah and one who disobeys him has disobeyed Allah. Since he guides in a secret and subtle manner, he is called 'the Mahdi.'" His Eminence will bring out the Torah and other books from a cave in Antioch and command the people of Torah by Torah and people of Injeel with Injeel and people of Zabur with Zabur and people of Quran with Quran. All the wealth of the earth that is on its surface and below its surface would be gathered with him. Then he would say, 'O People! Come towards that for which you had severed relations and spilled blood on the earth and committed things prohibited by God.' Then he would give so much wealth to them as had never been given.[1] And other traditions that prove that His Eminence is a sea of mercy and generosity are those that mention that His Eminence would deal with the people with kindness and favors and save them from the yokes of hunger and deprivation and spread peace, comfort and needlessness among them.

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