Wednesday, December 19, 2007

The impact of NAHJ-UL-BALAGAH after 1400 years

This is fascinating. Pakistan's premier female poet Fahmida Riaz read a letter by the Hazrat Ali (A.S.) while browsing through a translation of Nahaj ul Balagh. She narrated how she was "so touched, and felt so angry for not knowing about it all my life, because really no one talks about the real jewels of Muslim history, they would rather conceal it from one generation after another". She took notes from the ancient text and recently quoted it in her paper presented at an Urdu Conference held at Heidelberg, Germany. Writes Riaz: "Here is this document, written by Hazarat Ali (a.s.) some 1500 or so years ago. The sheer beauty of his thought, the largesse of his great heart, the incredible refinement of his mind! It takes your breath away and brings tears to your eyes. And then, his understanding of the class structure of society. long before anyone in the world paid attention to the composition of society! All this is so incredible. On her current sojourn in the USA, she showed this text to Dr. Patricia Sharpe who was impressed enough to put it on her website under the title GOOD GOVERNANCE EARLY MUSLIM STYLE. Here is the entry in Patricia's blog where she has reproduced sections of letter and also improved the translations available online: "George W. Bush seems to think that the US political system must be replicated in structure and spirit in order for people to enjoy a decent political system. In fact, the Muslim world also has traditions and texts which establish the principles of good governance. Below are quotes from one such document, a document that might profitably be added to all basic political science syllabi. A close reading might also provide insights and terminology for American public diplomats tasked to engage Muslims in a dialogue about the universal human interest in fair, honest and competent government. " Now read on about the letter - Ali bin Abi Talib, the fourth Caliph and son-in-law of the Prophet Mohammed, wrote a long letter of guidance after appointing Maalik al-Ashtar to be Governor of Egypt. He advises the new governor that his administration will succeed only if he governs with concern for justice, equity, probity and the prosperity of all. The passages excerpted below illustrate the timeless applicability of Ali's admonitions. The letter itself is contained in the Nahjal Balaagha, which is a collection of the letters and speeches of the fourth Caliph. Manifest religious tolerance: Amongst your subjects there are two kinds of people: those who have the same religion as you [and] are brothers to you, and those who have religions other than yours, [who] are human beings like you. Men of either category suffer from the same weaknesses and disabilities that human beings are inclined to; they commit sins, indulge in vices either intentionally or foolishly and unintentionally without realizing the enormity of their deeds. Let your mercy and compassion come to their rescue and help in the same way and to the same extent that you expect Allah to show mercy and forgiveness to you. Equity is best: A policy which is based on equity will be largely appreciated. Remember that the displeasure of common men, the have-nots and the depressed persons overbalances the approval of important persons, while the displeasure of a few big people will be excused…if the general public and the masses of your subjects are happy with you. The rich always want more: They are the people who will be the worst drag upon you during your moments of peace and happiness, and the least useful to you during your hours of need and adversity. They hate justice the most. They will keep demanding more and more out of State resources and will seldom be satisfied with what they receive and will never be obliged for the favour shown to them if their demands are justifiably refused. A healthy society is interdependent: The army and the common men who pay taxes are two important classes, but in a well faring state their well-being cannot be guaranteed without proper functioning and preservation of the other classes, the judges and magistrates, the secretaries of the State and the officers of various departments who collect various revenues, maintain law and order as well as preserve peace and amity among the diverse classes of the society. They also guard the rights and privileges of the citizens and look to the performance of various duties by individuals and classes. And the prosperity of this whole set-up depends upon the traders and industrialists. They act as a medium between the consumers and suppliers. They collect the requirements of society. They exert to provide goods….Then comes the class of the poor and the disabled persons. It is absolutely necessary that they should be looked after, helped and provided….at least the minimum necessities for well-being and contented living…. Ensure an honest judiciary: You must select people of excellent character and high calibre with meritorious records….When they realize that they have committed a mistake in judgment, they should not insist on it by trying to justify it….they should not be corrupt, covetous or greedy. They should not be satisfied with ordinary enquiry or scrutiny of a case but…must attach the greatest importance to reasoning, arguments and proofs. They should not get tired of lengthy discussions and arguments. They must exhibit patience and perseverance…and when truth is revealed to them they must pass their judgments….These appointments must be made…without any kind of favouritism being shown or influence being accepted; otherwise tyranny, corruption and misrule will reign….Let the judiciary be above every kind of executive pressure or influence, above fear or favour, intrigue or corruption. Poverty leads to ruination: If a country is prosperous and if its people are well-to-do, then it will happily and willingly bear any burden. The poverty of the people is the actual cause of the devastation and ruination of a country and the main cause of the poverty of the people is the desire of its ruler and officers to amass wealth and possessions whether by fair or foul means. Corruption undermines national well-being: I want to advise you about your businessmen and industrialists. Treat them well….They are the sources of wealth to the country….One more thing….you must keep an eye over their activities as well. You know that they are usually stingy misers, intensely self-cantered and selfish, suffering from the obsession of grasping and accumulating wealth. They often hoard their goods to get more profit out of them by creating scarcity and by indulging in black-marketing. Stay in touch with the people: You must take care not to cut yourself off from the public. Do not place a curtain of false prestige between you and those over whom you rule. Such pretension and shows of pomp and pride are in reality manifestations of inferiority complex and vanity. The result of such an attitude is that you remain ignorant of the conditions of your subjects and of the actual cases of the events occurring in the State. Peace brings prosperity: If your enemy invites you to a peace treaty….,never refuse to accept such an offer, because peace will bring rest and comfort to your armies, will relieve you of anxieties and worries, and will bring prosperity and affluence to your people. But even after such treaties be very careful of the enemies and do not place too much confidence in their promises, because they often resort to peace treaties to deceive and delude you and take advantage of your negligence, carelessness and trust. At the same time, be very careful never to break your promise with your enemy; never forsake the protection or support that you have offered to him, never go back upon your word and never violate the terms of the treaty. History reveals all: Do not reserve for yourself anything which is a common property of all and in which others have equal rights. Do not close your eyes from glaring malpractice of officers, miscarriage of justice and misuse of rights, because you will be held responsible for the wrong thus done to others. In the near future your wrong practices and maladministration will be exposed and you will be held responsible and punished for the wrong done to the helpless and oppressed people.

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Who are Ahlul-Bayt? (Part I)

According to most authentic traditions in collections of both Sunni and Shia, Ahlul-Bayt (People of the House) of the Prophet are one of the two most precious Symbols of Islam after the departure of the Prophet (PBUH&HF). There are numerous traditions in the collection of both schools that the Prophet (PBUH&HF) has reminded us to stick to these two weighty things (al-Thaqalain), namely Quran and Ahlul-Bayt, in order not to go astray after him. The Messenger of Allah also informed us that these two weights are non-separable and are with each other till the day of Judgment. This requires us that for understanding the interpretation of Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH&HF) we should refer to those who are attached to it, namely Ahlul-Bayt. Knowing exactly who Ahlul-Bayt are, thus becomes a very vital matter when one considers the above tradition of the Prophet (PBUH&HF) as well as many other traditions which unequivocally state that adherence to Ahlul-Bayt is the only way of salvation. This clearly implies that the one who follows a wrong set of Ahlul-Bayt (!!), will be led astray. Considering the critical importance of the subject, it will not be surprising to see that the Shia differ from some Sunnis in this subject. In fact, the Sunnis do not have one voice in specifying the Members of the House the Prophet. Most Sunnis are in the opinion that the Ahlul-Bayt of the Prophet (PBUH&HF) are: Fatimah al-Zahra (AS) (the daughter of the Messenger of Allah), Imam Ali (AS), Imam al-Hasan (AS), Imam al-Husain (AS), Wives of the Prophet (PBUH&HF) Others among the Sunnis further include ALL the descendants of the Prophet to the list! Some other Sunnis are very generous and include all the descendants of Abbas (the Abbasid) as well as the descendants of Aqil & Ja'far (the two brothers of Imam Ali) to the list. It should be noted, however, that there have been some leading Sunni scholars who did NOT consider the wives of the Prophet among Ahlul-Bayt. This happens to be consistent with the Shia point of view. To the Shia, the Ahlul-Bayt of the Prophet (PBUH&HF) consist of the following individuals ONLY: Fatimah al-Zahra (AS), Imam Ali (AS), Imam al-Hasan (AS), Imam al-Husain (AS), Nine descendants of Imam al-Husain (AS). and including the Prophet (PBUH&HF) himself, they will become fourteen individuals. Of course, at the time of the Holy Prophet only five of them (including the Prophet) were living and the rest were not born yet. The Shia further assert that these fourteen individuals are protected by Allah from any kind of flaws, and thus worthy of being obeyed beside Quran (the other Weighty Symbol), and they are the only people who have the full knowledge of the interpretation of the Quranic verses. In this discussion, we would like to explain why the Shia exclude the wives of the Prophet from Ahlul-Bayt, and also we will briefly discuss why Ahlul-Bayt are protected/infallible. (More detailed discussion on the infallibility is provided in Chapter 2). We base our proofs on: 1. Quran, 2. Traditions from the authentic Sunni Collections, 3. Historical events. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Evidence From Quran -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The Holy Book of Allah mentions Ahlul-Bayt and their exceptional virtue in the following verse which is known as "Purification Verse" (Ayah al-Tat'hir): "Verily Allah intends to keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O' People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you with a perfect purification". (Quran, the last sentence of Verse 33:33) Note that the word "Rijs" in the above verse has got the article "al-" at its beginning which makes the word universal. Thus "al-Rijs" means "EVERY KIND of impurity". Also at the end of the verse, Allah states "and purify you a PERFECT purification." The word "perfect" comes from the emphasis of "Tat'hiran". This is the only place in Quran that Allah uses the emphasis of "PERFECT purification". According to the above verse, Allah expresses his intention to keep Ahlul-Bayt pure and flawless/sinless, and what Allah intends it will certainly take place as Quran itself testifies (see 16:40). Indeed, a human can be sinless because he is not forced to commit sin. It is the human's choice to accept the instructions of Allah and get His help to avoid sin, or to neglect Allah's commandments and commit the sin. Allah is advisor, and encourager, and warner. A sinless human is still a human; no doubt about it. Some people assert that in order to be human, one SHOULD have some mistakes. Such claim is unsupported. The truth is that Human CAN make mistakes but he does not have to. It is the Grace of Allah that attracts His servants towards Him, WITHOUT compelling them any way. This is our choice to pursue this attraction and refrain from doing mistakes, or to turn away and commit the mistakes. However, Allah has GUARANTEED to show the Right Path and to provide a pure life for those who seek it: Whoever works righteousness man or woman and is faithful, We shall revive a PURE life for him. (Quran 16:97) And whosoever keeps his duty to Allah, Allah will appoint a way out for him. (Quran 65:2) It is worth mentioning the sentence of Quran in verse 33:33 which is related to purification of Ahlul-Bayt, has been placed at the middle of verses related to the wives of the Prophet (PBUH&HF), and this was the main reason why some Sunnis include the wives of the Prophet in Ahlul-Bayt. However, the sentence related to Ahlul-Bayt (given above) distinguishes itself from the sentences before and after it with a clear distinction. The sentences before and after, use only feminine gender which clearly shows they are addressing the wives of the Prophet (PBUH&HF). However, in contrary, the above sentence uses only masculine gender which is a clear indication that that Quran is changing the individuals who is referring to. People who are familiar with Quran to some extent, know that such a sharp change of addressee is not a weird-thing, and it has been applied to several places in Quran. For instance we read in Quran: "O Joseph! pass this over and (O wife of Aziz!) ask forgiveness for your sin, for truly you have been at fault."(Quran 12:29) In the above verse, "O wife of Aziz" has not been mentioned and the address to Joseph (AS) looks to continue. However the transition of the address from masculine gender to feminine gender clearly shows that the second sentence is addressing the Aziz's wife and not Prophet Joseph (AS). Notice that both sentences are WITHIN one verse. Also note the immediate change of addressing from Aziz's wife to Joseph and again back to the wife in verses before verse 29 and also WITHIN that verse. In Arabic language, when a group of women are being addressed, feminine gender is employed. However, if only one man exists among that group, masculine gender is used instead. Thus the above sentence of Quran clearly shows Allah is referring to a group other than the wives of the Prophet, using masculine gender, and that group includes some male members. From the verse 33:33 alone, we can not conclude that the wives of the Prophet are not included in Ahlul-Bayt. This latter claim can be proven by the authentic traditions of the Sunnis from Sihah Sittah in which the Prophet mentioned who Ahlul-Bayt are; and also by comparing the specifications of Ahlul-Bayt given in the verse of Quran with the behavior of the some of the wives of the Prophet mentioned in Sihah Sittah to prove the contrary. What can be understood from the verse ALONE is that Allah is changing His address (which was exclusively the wives of the Prophet at the beginning of the verse) to some people who include some male members, and may or may not include the wives of the Prophet. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Authentic Traditions -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- It is interesting to see that both Sahih Muslim and Sahih al-Tirmidhi as well as many others confirm the Shi'ite point of view explained above. In Sahih Muslim, there is a chapter named "Chapter of Virtues of the Companions". Inside this chapter, there is a section called "Section of the Virtues of the Ahlul-Bayt of the Prophet". There exists ONLY ONE tradition in this section, and this tradition has no reference to the wives of the Prophet (PBUH&HF). The tradition is known as "The Tradition of Cloak/Mantle" (Hadith al-Kisaa), and is as follows: Narrated Aisha: One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came and the Prophet accommodated him under the cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered her under the cloak, then Ali came and the Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O' People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you a perfect purification (the last sentence of Verse 33:33)." Sunni reference: Sahih Muslim, Chapter of virtues of companions, section of the virtues of the Ahlul-Bayt of the Prophet (PBUH&HF), 1980 Edition Pub. in Saudi Arabia, Arabic version, v4, p1883, Tradition #61. One can see that the author of Sahih Muslim confirms that: Imam Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan, and al-Husain are the Ahlul-Bayt, The purification sentence in Quran (the last sentence of Verse 33:33) was revealed for the virtue of the above-mentioned individuals, and NOT for the wives of the Prophet (PBUH&HF). Muslim (the Author) did not put any other tradition in this section (section of the virtues of Ahlul-Bayt). If the author of Sahih Muslim believed that the wives of the Prophet were included in Ahlul-Bayt, he would have quoted some traditions about them in this section. It is interesting to see that Aisha, the wife of the Prophet (PBUH&HF) is the narrator of the above tradition, and she herself is testifying that Ahlul- Bayt are the above-mentioned individuals (i.e., Imam Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan, and al-Husain, may the blessing of Allah be upon them all). Another version of the "Tradition of Cloak" is written in Sahih al-Tirmidhi, which is narrated in the authority of Umar Ibn Abi Salama, the son of Umm Salama (another wife of Prophet), which is as follows: The verse "Verily Allah intends to ... (33:33)" was revealed to the Prophet (PBUH&HF) in the house of Umm Salama. Upon that, the Prophet gathered Fatimah, al-Hasan, and al-Husain, and covered them with a cloak, and he also covered Ali who was behind him. Then the Prophet said: "O' Allah! These are the Members of my House (Ahlul-Bayt). Keep them away from every impurity and purify them with a perfect purification." Umm Salama (the wife of Prophet) asked: "Am I also included among them O Apostle of Allah?" the Prophet replied: "You remain in your position and you are toward a good ending." Sunni reference: Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5, pp 351,663 As we see, al-Tirmidhi also confirms that Imam Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan, and al-Husain are the Ahlul-Bayt, and the purification sentence in Quran (the last sentence of Verse 33:33) was revealed for the virtue of the above-mentioned individuals, and NOT for the wives of the Prophet (PBUH&HF). Also it is apparent from above authentic tradition that the Prophet himself excluded his wives from Ahlul-Bayt. If Umm Salama (RA) was among Ahlul-Bayt, why didn't the Prophet answer her positively? Why didn't he enter her into the cloak? Why did the Prophet tell her that she remains in her own position? If the Prophet (PBUH&HF) would consider Umm Salama among Ahlul-Bayt, he would surely have entered her to the cloak and would have prayed for her perfect purity as well. It is also worth mentioning that the Prophet (PBUH&HF) did NOT say: "These are among the Members of my House". He rather said: "These are THE Members of my House" since there was no other member of Ahlul-Bayt who was alive at the time of the Prophet (PBUH&HF). Also notice that Umm Salama (RA) who is the virtuous wife of the Prophet is the narrator of the tradition to his son and gives the testimony that who Ahlul-Bayt are. In the tradition of al-Hakim the wording the last question and answer is as follows: Umm Salama said: "O Prophet of Allah! Am I not one of the members of your family?" The Holy Prophet replied: "You have a good future but only these are the members of my family. O Lord! The members of my family are more deserving." Sunni reference: al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v2, p416 Also the wording reported by al-Suyuti and Ibn al-Athir is as follows: Umm Salama said to the Holy Prophet: "Am I also one of them?" He replied: "No. You have your own special position and your future is good." Sunni reference: Usdul Ghabah, by Ibn al-Athir, v2, p289 Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Suyuti, v5, p198 Also al-Tabari quotes Umm Salama saying: I said, "O Prophet of Allah! Am I not also one of your Ahlul-Bayt?" I swear by the Almighty that the Holy Prophet did NOT grant me any distinction and said: "You have a good future." Sunni reference: Tafsir al-Tabari, v22, p7 under the commentary of verse 33:33 Beside Sahih Muslim and Sahih al-Tirmidhi from which we quoted the Tradition of Cloak on the authority of Aisha and Umm Salama respectively, below are more Sunni references of the Tradition of Cloak who reported both versions of the traditions: (3) Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v6, pp 323,292,298; v1, pp 330-331; v3, p252; v4, p107 from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (4) Fadha'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p578, Tradition #978 (5) al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v2, p416 (two traditions) from Ibn Abi Salama, v3, pp 146-148 (five traditions), pp 158,172 (6) al-Khasa'is, by an-Nisa'i, pp 4,8 (7) al-Sunan, by al-Bayhaqi, narrated from Aisha and Umm Salama (8) Tafsir al-Kabir, by al-Bukhari (the author of Sahih), v1, part 2, p69 (9) Tafsir al-Kabir, by Fakhr al-Razi, v2, p700 (Istanbul), from Aisha (10) Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Suyuti, v5, pp 198,605 from Aisha and Umm Salama (11) Tafsir Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, v22, pp 5-8 (from Aisha and Abu Sa'id al-Khudri), pp 6,8 (from Ibn Abi Salama) (10 traditions) (12) Tafsir al-Qurtubi, under the commentary of verse 33:33 from Umm Salama (13) Tafsir Ibn Kathir, v3, p485 (Complete version) from Aisha and Umar Ibn Abi Salama (14) Usdul Ghabah, by Ibn al-Athir, v2, p12; v4, p79 narrated from Ibn Abi Salama (15) Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Ch. 11, sec. 1, p221 from Umm Salama (16) Tarikh, by al-Khateeb Baghdadi, v10, narrated from Ibn Abi Salama (17) Tafsir al-Kashshaf, by al-Zamakhshari, v1, p193 narrated from Aisha (18) Mushkil al-Athar, by al-Tahawi, v1, pp 332-336 (seven traditions) (19) Dhakha'ir al-Uqba, by Muhibb al-Tabari, pp21-26, from Abu Sa'id Khudri (20) Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, p166 (by several transmitters) ... and more ... Here is another authentic variation of "The Tradition of Cloak" which is related to Safiyya who was another wife of the Prophet (PBUH&HF). Ja'far Ibn Abi Talib narrated: When the Messenger of Allah noticed that a blessing from Allah was to descent, he told Safiyya (one of his wives): "Call for me! Call for me!" Safiyya said: "Call who, O the Messenger of Allah?" He said: "Call for me my Ahlul-Bayt who are Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan, and al-Husain." Thus we sent for them and they came to him. Then the Prophet (PBUH&HF) spread his cloak over them, and raised his hand (toward sky) saying: "O Allah! These are my family (Aalee), so bless Muhammad and the family (Aal) of Muhammad." And Allah, to whom belong Might and Majesty, revealed: "Verily Allah intends to keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O' People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you a thorough purification (Quran, the last sentence of Verse 33:33)". Sunni references: al-Mustadrak by al-Hakim, Chapter of "Understanding (the virtues) of Companions, v3, p148. The author then wrote: "This tradition is authentic (Sahih) based on the criteria of the two Shaikhs (al-Bukhari and Muslim)." Talkhis of al-Mustadrak, by al-Dhahabi, v3, p148 Usdul Ghabah, by Ibn al-Athir, v3, p33 Although the majority of traditions on this issue show that the last sentence of the verse 33:33 was revealed in the house of Umm Salama (as quoted earlier), the above tradition implies that it might have been revealed in the house of Safiyya. Based on the opinion of the Sunni scholars including Ibn Hajar, it is quite possible that the verse was revealed more than once. In each occasion, the Prophet repeated his action in front of different wives so that they all realize who his Ahlul-Bayt are. The testimony of three wives of the Prophet (Aisha, Umm Salama, and Safiyya) leaves us no room but to believe that the Ahlul-Bayt at the time of the Prophet were no more than five individuals: Prophet Muhammad, Lady Fatimah, Imam Ali, al-Hasan, and al-Husain (Peace be upon them all). The fact that the gender in later part of Verse 33:33 is switched from feminine to masculine, has led the majority of Sunni commentators to believe that the last part was revealed for Imam Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan and al-Husain, as Ibn Hajar al-Haythami indicated: Based on the opinion of the majority of (Sunni) commentators, the saying of Allah :"Verily Allah intends to ... (the last sentence of the verse 33:33)" was revealed for Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan, and al-Husain, because of the usage of masculine gender in the word "Ankum" and after that. Sunni reference: al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch. 11, section 1, p220 Although the Shia have great respect for the highly righteous wives among the wives of the Prophet (PBUH&HF), such as Khadija, Umm Salama, Umm Ayman and ... (may Allah be pleased with them) who closely followed the Prophet and his Ahlul-Bayt before and after the demise of Prophet (PBUH&HF), yet we do not include even those respected individuals into Ahlul-Bayt since the Prophet clearly excluded them according to the authentic Sunni and Shi'i traditions. Ahlul-Bayt have exceptional virtues that no other pious person after the Prophet would possess them in the world, which are according to Quran: sinlessness, flawlessness and perfect purity. Who are Ahlul-Bayt? (Part II) In the previous part, three authentic versions of "The Tradition of Cloak/Mantle" (Hadith al-Kisaa) reported in Sahih Muslim and Sahih al-Tirmidhi, and Mustadrak al-Hakim. In these traditions three wives of the Prophet testified that the Prophet (PBUH&HF) specified that the Members of his House (in his lifetime) are restricted to his daughter Fatimah (AS), her husband Ali (AS) and their two sons: al-Hasan (AS), and al-Husain (AS). Also according to the quoted traditions, the purification sentence in Quran (the last sentence of Verse 33:33) was revealed for their virtue and NOT for the wives of the Prophet (PBUH&HF). Now, let us see what the Messenger of Allah used to do for quite sometime after the revelation of the verse: The Long-Term Custom of the Prophet After the Revelation of the Purification Verse It has been widely narrated that after the revelation of the purification verse of Quran (Ayah al-Tat'hir), the Messenger of Allah used to recited this verse at the door of the House of Fatimah and Ali before EVERY prayer when people were gathering to pray with the Messenger of Allah. He continued this practice for many months simply to show the people who his Ahlul-Bayt are. Anas Ibn Malik narrated: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HF), from the time the revelation of "Verily Allah intends to... (the last part of Verse 33:33)" and for six (6) months thereafter, stood by the door of the House of Fatimah and said: "Time for Prayer Ahlul-Bayt; No doubt! Allah wished to remove all abomination from you and make you pure and spotless." Sunni references: Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v12, p85 Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v3, p258 Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, p158 who wrote this tradition is authentic as per the criteria of Muslim and Bukhari Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Suyuti, v5, pp 197,199 Tafsir Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, v22, pp 5,6 (saying seven month) Tafsir Ibn Kathir, v3, p483 Musnad, by al-Tiyalasi, v8, p274 Usdul Ghabah, by Ibn al-Athir, v5, p146 Abu al-Hamra narrated: "The Messenger of God continued eight (8) months in Medina, coming to the door of Ali at every morning prayer, putting his two hands on the two sides of the door and exclaiming : "Assalat! Assalat! (prayer! prayer!) Certainly God ward off all uncleanness from you, O Members of the House of Muhammad, and to make you pure and spotless." Sunni references: Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Suyuti, v5, pp 198-199 Tafsir Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, v22, p6 Tafsir Ibn Kathir, v3, p483 Dhakha'ir al-Uqba, by Muhibbuddin al-Tabari, p24 on the authority of Anas Ibn Malik Isti'ab, by Ibn Abd al-Barr, v5, p637 Usdul Ghabah, by Ibn al-Athir, v5, p146 Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, pp 121,168 Mushkil al-Athar, by al-Tahawi, p338 Also Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated: "We have witnessed the Messenger of God for nine (9) months coming to the door of Ali, son of Abu Talib, at the time of each prayer and saying: 'Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullah Ahlul-Bayt (Peace and Mercy of God be upon you, O Members of the House). Certainly God wants only to keep away all the evil from you, Members of the House, and purify you with a thorough purification.' He did this seven times a day." Sunni reference: al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Hafidh al-Suyuti, v5, p198 In Majma' al-Zawa'id and exegesis of Suyuti it has been quoted from Abu Said Khudri with a variation in words that: For forty days the Holy Prophet approached the house of Fatimah Zahra every morning and used to say: 'Peace be upon you O people of the House! The time for the prayers has come'. And thereafter he used to recite this verse: O people of the Prophet's House.... And then said: 'I am in a state of war with him who fights with you and am in a state of peace with him who is at peace with you'. Sunni references: Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Hafidh al-Suyuti, v5, p199 Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, pp 121,168 He repeated this openly at the time of each prayer so as to demonstrate the meaning of this verse verbally as well as practically and he explained it to his followers on the lines of the sacred verse: "We have revealed the Quran to you so that you could tell the people what has been revealed to them and that perhaps they will think. (Quran 16:44)" This concept became well known among the people and even the companions of the Holy Prophet argued on its basis on behalf of the Holy Prophet's family: Those Who Protested based on the Purification Verse to Prove the Virtues of the Holy Family Imam al-Hasan Ibn Ali (AS) al-Hakim (in al-Mustadrak) in connection with the attainments of Imam al-Hasan, and al-Haythami (in connection with the excellence of the Holy Family) have narrated that Imam al-Hasan (AS) addressed the people after the martyrdom of his father Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS) and said during his speech: O People! Whoever knows me, knows me and whoever doesn't know me should know that I am al-Hasan Ibn Ali; I am the son of the Holy Prophet and of his executor (Wasi). I am the son him who invited people to Allah and warned them of the torture of His Hell-fire. I am the son of the luminous Lamp. I belong to the family upon whom Gabriel used to descend and from there ascend to heavens. I belong to the family from whom Allah has ward off all filth and made them pure. Sunni references: al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, p172 Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, p172 It has been narrated in Majma' al-Zawa'id and Tafsir Ibn Kathir that: After his father's martyrdom when (Imam) al-Hasan attained the Caliphate, one day while he was performing his prayers, a man attacked him and thrust a sword in his thigh. He remained confined to bed for some months. Thereafter, he recovered and delivered a sermon and said: "O People of Iraq! Fear Allah. We are your Amirs (leaders) and your guests and belong to the family about whom Almighty Allah has said: 'O People of the Prophet's House..' Imam al-Hasan dwelt on this subject so much that all those present in the Mosque began to cry." Sunni references: Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, p172 Tafsir Ibn Kathir, v3, p486 This tradition has also been quoted by al-Tabarani and others Ummul Mu'minin, Umm Salama (RA) In Mushkil al-Athar, al-Tahawi has quoted Umrah al-Hamdaniyyah as saying: I went to Umm Salama and greeted her. She inquired: "Who are you?" I replied: "I am Umrah Hamdaniyyah." Umrah says, "I said O mother of the Faithful! Say something about the man who has been killed among us today. One group of the people like him and another group is inimical towards him," (He meant Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib). Umm Salama said, "Do you like him or are you hostile to him?" I replied, "I neither like him nor I am hostile to him." [Here the narrative is defective and thereafter it is like this:] Umm Salama began to tell about the revelation of the verse of Tat'hir and said in this behalf: "Allah revealed the verse: O People of the Prophet's House... There was none in the room at that time, except Gabriel, the Holy Prophet, Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan and al-Husain. I said: 'O Prophet of Allah! Am I too one of the people of the House?' He replied: 'Allah will reward you and recompense you.' I wished that he might have said 'Yes' and would have valued such a reply much more than anything else in the world.'" Sunni reference: Mushkil al-Athar, by al-Tahawi, v1, p336 Ahmad in Musnad; Tabari in his exegesis and al-Tahawi in Mushkil al-Athar have quoted Shahr Ibn Haushab, to have said: When the news of the martyrdom of al-Husain reached Medina I heard Umm Salama, wife of the Holy Prophet, saying: "They have killed al-Husain. I myself observed that the Holy Prophet spread his Khaibari cloak on them and said: 'O Allah! These are the members of my family! Ward off any uncleanness from them and keep them clean and pure!'" Sunni references: Musnad, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v6, p298 Tafsir al-Kabir, by Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, v22, p6 Mushkil al-Athar, by al-Tahawi, v1, p335 Ibn Abbas (RA) Ahmad, al-Nisa'i, Muhibbuddin, and al-Haythami have reported (the wording being of Ahmad's Musnad): 'Amr Ibn Maimoon said: "I was with Ibn Abbas when nine persons came to him and said: 'Ibn Abbas! Either come out with us or provide us privacy.' He said: 'I shall go out with you.' In those days the eyes of Ibn Abbas were all right and he could see. They had mutual conversation and I am not aware as to what they talked about. After some time Ibn Abbas returned to us. He was then shaking off his dress saying: 'Fie be upon them! They are talking about the man who enjoys ten excellences.' [Later in the narration Ibn Abbas details the virtues of the Imam till he says:] 'The Holy Prophet spread his cloak upon Ali, al-Hasan and al-Husain and said: O People of the Prophet's House! Allah intends to keep you pure from all sorts of uncleanness and blemish and to purify you with a thorough purification.'" Sunni references: Musnad, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v1, p331 (First edition) al-Riyadh al-Nadhirah, by Muhibbuddin al-Tabari, v2, p269 Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, p119 Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas In al-Khasa'is, al-Nisa'i has quoted Amir Ibn Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas as saying: Muawiyah said to Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas, "Why do you refrain from abusing Abu Turab?" Sa'd said, "I don't abuse Ali for three attributes of his which I heard from the Holy Prophet. If even one of them had been for me, I would have valued it much more than anything else on earth. I heard from the Holy Prophet that When he left Imam Ali as his representative in Medina and proceeded to fight a battle, Ali said: 'Are you leaving me with the women and the children in Medina?' The Holy Prophet replied: 'Don't you like that your position vis-a-vis me should be like that of Aaron (Haroon) with Moses. You enjoy the same position in regard to me as Aaron enjoyed with Moses.' On the fateful day of Khaibar, too, I heard the Holy Prophet as saying: 'Tomorrow I shall give the standard (of the army) to one who loves Allah and His Prophet and Allah and His Prophet also love him'. All of us were keen to be graced and singled out in the face of this declaration and wished that the standard might be in our hands. In the meantime the Holy Prophet said: 'Bring Ali to me.' Ali came in such a condition that he had some trouble in his eyes. The Holy Prophet applied the saliva of his mouth to (Imam) Ali's eyes and gave the standard in his hand. Moreover, when the verse of Tat'hir was revealed, the Holy Prophet called Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan and al-Husain near himself and said: 'O Allah! These are the People of my House.'" Sunni references: al-Khasa'is, by al-Nisa'i, p4 A fairly similar narration is given in Sahih Muslim, English version, Chapter CMXCVI (Virtues of Ali), p1284, Tradition #5916 Also al-Tabari, Ibn Kathir, al-Hakim, and al-Tahawi have quoted from Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas that: At the time of the revelation of the verse, the Holy Prophet called Ali along with his two sons and Fatimah and accommodated them under his own cloak and said: 'O Lord! These are the members of my family'. Sunni references: Tafsir al-Kabir, by Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, v22, p7 Tafsir Ibn Kathir, v3, p485 al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, p147 Mushkil al-Athar, by al-Tahawi, v1, p336; v2, p33 History of al-Tabari, Arabic version, v5, p31 Abu Sa'id al-Khudri It narrated on that: Abu Sa'id al-Khudri: I heard the Messenger of Allah saying: "This verse has been revealed about five individuals: Myself, Ali, al-Hasan, al-Husain, and Fatimah." Sunni references: Tafsir Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, v22, p5, under the verse 33:33 Dhakha'ir al-Uqba, Muhibbuddin al-Tabari, p24 al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch. 11, section 1, p221 Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami Wathilah Ibn Asqa' al-Tabari while commenting on the verse 33:33, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, al- Hakim who considers the tradition to be authentic according to the criteria of Muslim and al-Bukhari, also Bayhaqi, al-Tahawi, and Haythami quote Abu Ammar as having said (the wording is of al-Tabari): I was sitting with Wathilah Ibn Asqa' when a discussion took place about Ali and the people abused him. When those present rose to leave he said to me: 'Keep sitting so that I may talk with you about the man whom they have been abusing. I was with the Holy Prophet when Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan and al-Husain approached him and the Holy Prophet spread his cloak on them and said: "O Allah! These are the members of my family. Ward off every uncleanness from them and keep them clean and pure." Sunni references: Tafsir al-Kabir, by Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, v22, p6 al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v2, p416; v3, p417 Musnad, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v6, p107 Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, p167 Mushkil al-Athar, by al-Tahawi, v1, p346 Sunan, al-Bayhaqi, v2, p152 Also Ibn al-Athir quoted Shaddad Ibn Abdullah saying: I heard from Wathilah Ibn Asqa' that when the head of (Imam) al-Husain was brought, one of the Syrians abused (Imam) al-Husain and his father, Wathilah stood up and said: "I swear by Allah that ever since I heard the Holy Prophet say about them: 'O People of the Prophet's House! Allah intends to keep you pure from uncleanness and blemish and to purify you with a thorough purification,' I have always loved Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan and al-Husain (Peace be upon them).'" Sunni reference: Usdul Ghabah, by Ibn al-Athir, v2, p20 Ali Ibn al-Husain, Zain al-Abideen (AS) While commenting on the verse 33:33, al-Tabari, Ibn Kathir and al-Suyuti have stated in their exegesis: Ali Ibn Husain said to a Syrian: "Have you read this verse in Surah al-Ahzab, O people of the House! Allah intends to keep you pure from blemish and to purify you with a thorough purification (Quran 33:33)?" The Syrian said: "Does this verse pertain to you?" The Imam replied: "Yes, it pertains to us." Sunni references: Tafsir al-Kabir, by Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, v22, p7 Tafsir Ibn Kathir, v3, p486 Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Hafidh al-Suyuti, v5, p199 al-Kharazmi has quoted this very narration in his Maqtal in the following words: When, after the martyrdom of (Imam) al-Husain the grandson of the Holy Prophet, (Imam) Zain al-Abideen and other prisoners belonging to the House of the Holy Prophet were carried to Damascus and stationed in a jail located by the side of the Grand Mosque of Damascus, an old man approached them and said: "Praised be Allah who killed you and annihilated you and relieved the people from your men and provided the Commander of the Faithful (Yazid) with authority over you." Ali Ibn al-Husain said: "O old man! Have you read the Holy Quran?" He replied: "Yes." Then the Imam said: "Have you read the verse: Muhammad! 'Say, I do not ask you of any reward for my preaching except the love of my kinsfolk'?" The old man said: "Yes. I have read it." The Imam said: "Have you read the verse: 'So give what is due to the near ones, the needy and the wayfarer.' and the verse: 'Know that whatever (income) you gain, one fifth belongs to Allah, the Messenger, his near ones, orphans the needy and the wayfarers, if you believe in Allah and what We revealed to Our servant in the Holy Quran'?" The old man replied: "Yes. I have read them." The Imam said: "I swear by Allah that the word 'near ones' refers to us and these verses have been revealed about us. (The Imam added): And have you also read this verse in the Holy Quran wherein Allah says: 'O people of the Prophet's House...' (33:33)?" The old man said: "Yes. I have read it". The Imam said: "What is meant by people of the Prophet's House! It is we whom Allah has especially associated with the verse of Tat'hir (purification)." The old man said: "I ask you by Allah! Are you of the same family?" The Imam replied: "I swear by my grandfather the Prophet of Allah that we are the same people." The old man was stunned and expressed regret for what he had said. Then he raised his head towards the sky and said: "O Allah! I ask forgiveness for what I have said, and forsake enmity against this family and hate the enemies of the progeny of Muhammad." Sunni reference: Maqtal al-Husain, by al-Khateeb al-Kharazmi (A SHI'ITE ENCYCLOPEDIA) AL AJAL YAA SAHIBAZ ZAMAN

Tuesday, December 18, 2007

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Prophet Muhammad in Hindu Scriptures

The Last Kalki Autar (Messenger) that the Veda has foretold and who is waited on by Hindus is the Prophet Muhammed ibn Abdullah. A recently published book in Hindi has raised a lot of hue and cry all over India. In the event of the author being Muslim, he would have been jailed and a strict ban would have certainly been imposed on the printing and the publishing of the book. The author of this important research work, Kalki Autar, i.e., "Guide and Prophet of whole universe" is a Bengali who holds an important teaching post at AIlahabad University. Pundit Vaid Parkash is a Brahmin Hindu and a well-known Sanskrit scholar and research worker. Pundit Vaid Parkash, after a great deal of toil and hard work, presented the work to as many as eight great Pundits who are themselves very well-known in the field of research, and are amongst learned religious leaders. These Pundits, after thorough study of the book, acknowledged this to be a true and authentic research work. India's important religious books mention the guide and prophet by the specific name of "Kalki Autar." It denotes the great man Muhammad who was born in Makkah. Hence, all Hindus whereever they may be, should wait no longer for any other 'kalki autar' but follow in the footsteps of the last Messenger of Allah (pbuh) who was sent in the world about fourteen hundred years ago with a divine mission and after accomplishing it has long ago departed from this world. As an argument to prove the authenticity of his research, Pundit Vaid Parkash quotes from the Veda, a sacred Hindu book: Veda mentions that "kalki autar" will be the last Messenger/Prophet of Bhagwan (God) to guide the whole world. Afer quoting this reference Pundit Parkash says that this applies only to the case of Muhammad. According to a prophecy of Hinduism, 'kalki autar' will be born in an island and that is the Arab territory which is known as 'jazeeratul Arab'. In the 'sacred' book of Hindus, the father's name of 'kalki autar' is mentioned as 'Vishnu-bhagat' and his mother's name as 'Somanib'. In Sanskrit, 'Vishnu' stands for God and the literal meaning of 'bhagat' is slave. 'Vishnu Bhagat', therefore, in the Arabic language will mean Allah's slave, i.e., Abdullah which was the name of the Prophet's father. 'Somanib' in Sanskrit means peaceful and tranquil which in Arabic is denoted by the word 'Amina'. The name of the the last Messenger Muhammad's mother was Amina. In the religious books of Hindus, it is mentioned that 'kalki autar' will live on olive and dates and he will be true to his words and honest. In this regard Pundit Parkash writes, "This is true and established only in the case of Muhammad". Veda mentions that 'kalki autar' will be born in the respected and noble dynasty of his land. This is also true as regards Muhammad as he was born in the respected tribe of Quraish who enjoyed great respect and high place in Makkah and Arabia. 'Kalki Autar' will be taught in the cave by Bhagwan through his own messenger. And this too applies to Muhammad only as he was the only one in Makkah who was taught by Allah's Messenger Gabriel in the cave of Hira. It is written in the Hindu religious books that Bhagwan will provide 'Kalki autar' with the fastest horse, with the help of which he will ride around the world and the seven skies/heavens. What else is proved by Prophet's riding on 'Buraq' and his 'Meraj' to the Heavens? It is also written in the Hindu books that 'kalki autar' will be strengthened and heavily helped by Bhagwan. And we know this fact that Muhammad was aided and reinforced by Allah (swt) through His angels in the battle of Badr. Hindu books also mention that 'kalki autar' will be an expert in horse-riding, arrow-shooting and swordsmanship. What Pundit Vaid Parkash comments in this regard is very important and worth attention and consideration. He writes that the age of horses, swords, and spears is long ago gone and now is the age of modern weapons like tanks, missiles and guns, and therefore it will be unwise to wait for 'kalki autar' bearing sword and arrows or spears. In reality, the mention in our books of 'kalki autar' is clearly indicative of Muhammad who was given the heavenly book known as Al-Qur'an.

Imam Baqer (as): A Perfect Example of Behavior and Moral Aspects

Allah (SWT) would never appoint a person as an Imam and make him His decisive proof upon people unless the person has earned the position and has reached perfection in his virtues, sayings, and deeds. Such a person would say nothing but truth, and do nothing but good... Like his ancestors Imam Baqer (as), fifth Imam of the Shiites, is a perfect example in terms of behavior and other moral aspects. In his behavior towards people, he was so chaste and humble that he would forgive and forget people's wrongdoings as much as possible. This manner of the Imam would deeply penetrate within people's hearts. The following narration clearly indicates this magnificent virtue: A Christian man who intended to make fun of Imam Baqer (as), changed the word Baqer (Splitter of knowledge) to Baqr (the Cow), and addressed Imam Baqer (as) insultingly. Without showing any signs of sadness or anger, Imam Baqer (as) simply replied: "No, I am not Baqr, I am Baqer." The Christian continued: "You are son of the woman who was a cook." Imam Baqer (as): "That was her career. This is not shameful." The Christian: "Your mother was black, impudent, and rude." Imam Baqer (as): "If such matters you accuse my mother are true, I ask Allah (SWT) to forgive her sins; and if they are false, I ask Allah (SWT) to forgive you for your accusations and lies." The patience of Imam Baqer (as) was enough for the Christian to be revolutionized and attracted towards Islam. He later became a Muslim. Imam Baqer (as): was the great grandson of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (as) One day a man came to Imam Baqer (as), fifth Imam of the Shiites and asked him a very interesting question. Man: Please tell me if how much power has Allah (SWT) given to us human beings? Is it that Allah (SWT) has given us absolute power, no power at all or limited power? Imam Baqer (as): Please stand up. The man stands up. Now keep your one foot in the air. He does that. Imam Baqer (as): Now keep your other foot in air. Man: I cannot do that. I will fall down. Imam Baqer (as): Allah (SWT) has given you this much power. You are not given the complete power and you are not made powerless either. Imam Baqer (as): At the Door of a Brother Imam Baqer (as), fifth Imam of the Shiites said: An angel was once passing by a house, when he witnessed a man standing near its door. The angel questioned him, "Why do you stand here?" "This is the house of my brother and I wish to greet him," answered the man. The angel asked, "Is he of your kith and kin or is it that you are in need of his help that you have come to pay him a visit?" "The reality is not as you make it out to be. We are just brethren in faith and I only wish to meet him and greet him for the sake of Allah (SWT)". "I am Allah (SWT)'s messenger towards you," the angel said. "He has sent you His greetings and has said: O' My Servant! You have paid Me a visit and desired My pleasure and so, as a reward for upholding the rights and sanctity of religious brotherhood, I have made Paradise compulsory for you and have distanced you from My fire and wrath. Imam Baqer (as): A Momin (believer in the Divine Law) is the Brother of another Momin Imam Baqer (as), fifth Imam of the Shiites related: Once, a group of Muslims had set off on a journey, but in the course of their travel, they lost their way. Their supplies were soon exhausted and they were overcome by intense thirst. With no water in sight and imagining their end to be near, they put on their shrouds and sat down, resting themselves against the trees. Suddenly, an old man in white apparels approached them and said: "Arise, for you have nothing to fear. Here is some water for you." They scrambled for the water and drank to their fill after which, turning to the old man, they said, "May Allah (SWT) have mercy upon you! Who are you?" "I belong to the Jinn community, who had pledged allegiance to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw). I had heard the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) say: A Momin (believer in the Divine Law) is the Brother of another Momin (believer in the Divine Law). He is his eyes and his guide (too). I could not allow you to die of thirst, while I was here." Imam Baqer (as): Exercise Caution in Reconciliation Abdul Malik says: There arose a dispute between Imam Baqer (as) and some of the children of Imam Hasan (as). I approached Imam Baqer (as) and sought to intervene in the matter in order to reconcile them, but Imam Baqer (as), fifth Imam of the Shiites advised: Do not say a word in this dispute for our problem is like that of the old man from Bani Israel (Children of Israel), who had two daughters. One of them was married to a farmer, while the other to a pottery-maker. Once he decided to pay them a visit. He first visited the daughter who was the wife of the farmer and reaching her house, he inquired about her health. The daughter said: "Dear father, my husband has cultivated a large area of land and if it were to rain, we would be the most prosperous of the entire Bani Israel (Children of Israel)." Then, proceeding towards the house of the other daughter, whose husband was a pottery-maker, he inquired about her health. The daughter said, "Dear father, my husband has moulded pots in great quantity and if Allah (SWT) were to withhold the rains till his pots dry up, we would be better off than the entire Bani Israel (Children of Israel)." As he departed from the house of his second daughter, he prayed: "O' Allah (SWT)! Act as You deem fit for, in this situation, I cannot pray for either of them." Imam Baqer (as) then said to me, "You too cannot intervene in this matter. Be wary, lest you show disrespect to either of us. Your responsibility towards us, because of our relationship with the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw), is to treat all of us with deference and esteem. Imam Baqer (as): Kindness towards Your Brother in Faith One of Imam Baqer's (as) companions, Abi Obadiah, narrates: I used to accompany Imam Baqer (as) in journeys. During the journeys, I would always climb my mount first, and Imam Baqer (as) would climb his mount after I was seated (This act of Imam Baqer (as) was out of utmost respect). Whenever our mounts were next to each other, he would converse with me and ask about my health in such a way that seemed as if he had just seen an old friend he had not seen for a long time, even though he had seen me just a few moments ago. I asked him: "O! Son of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw), you act completely different from all others when you socialize with others. Your kindness and amenity towards your companions and friends is quite different. Truly it would be appreciable if others did the same in their first contact with each other." Imam Baqer (as) replied: "Do you not know the value of Mussafah (shaking hands kindly with friends and believers)? Every time believers do Mussafah (shaking hands kindly with friends and believers), and squeeze the hand of a friend, their sins fall (are forgiven) similar to how the leaves of a tree fall. And they are under Allah (SWT)'s grace until they separate." In addition, many other sayings by Imam Baqer (as) have been recorded about kindness towards friends and brothers in faith: "A prayer that is more likely to be answered, and more quickly to be granted, is a prayer for a brother in faith in his absence." Imam Baqer (as), fifth Imam of the Shiites also said: "A pious believer is the brother of a pious believer. One does not insult the other, does not refuse the other, and does not falsely suspect the other." And Imam Baqer (as) advised his companions: "Be lenient when talking to a hypocrite (Munafiq), love the believers with all your heart, and behave well even if you are sitting with a Jew." And finally, Imam Baqer (as) considered one of the most important duties of a believer is helping his brother in faith financially. Note: 5th Imam, Imam Mohammad Ibn Ali (pbuh) received the title of Baqir (Splitter of knowledge) due to his ample knowledge of Deen and his enthusiasm to teach to other people. Imam Jaffar as Sadiq (AS) said: A believer is the brother and guide of another believer. He does not betray or oppress him, nor does he ever cheat his brother. A believer never breaks his promise. "Be truthful and righteous. A truthful and righteous man is a partner in the wealth of others". May Allah hasten the re appearance of our 12th Imam, Imam Mehdi, and we pray to Allah to give us the faith to be alongside the Imam when he establishes justice in the world... We pray to Allah (SWT) to keep us firm on His path,and to always protect us from negligence in discharging our duties towards Him and our Living Imam (A.J), and to also include us among the Imam (A.J) helpers and companions –Ameen Remember us in your Duas and pray for all our Marhumins

THREE DREADFUL CRIMES OF YAZID IBN MUAWIYA

The First Dreadful Crime: Killing Abu Abdillah Al-Husain (as). Yazid son of Muawiya with that inhuman and wicked qualities in his first year of his rule martyred the "Leader of the Youth of the Paradise" Abu Abdullah al-Husain(A. S.) and his family and companions in that tragic state. The Second Dreadful Crime: Killing and raping thousands of Residents of Madina and Desecrating Masjid Nabavi In his second year of his rule he created the deplorable incident of "Harrah" which blackened the pages of history. The people of Madinah after the martyrdom of Imam Husain (A.S.) came to know the evils of Yazid and refused to obey him and threw out the agents of Yazid from Madinah. Yazid on previous advice of his father Muawiya, sent a heartless and bloody old man Muslim ibn Aqbah with a strong army towards the holy tomb of Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.) at Madinah. The army of Yazid in that holy city committed such heinous crimes that the pen is ashamed to describe it. The army of Yazid confronted the people of Madinah within a mile from Madinah, at a place called "Harrah" in the command of Abdullah ibn Hanzala. A fierce battle took place. The people of Madinah who could not defend themselves took refuge in the tomb sanctuary of Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). The Syrian Yazidi army entered Madinah. They broke the sanctity of that holy place and shed the blood of the people so much so that the holy mosque (Masjid Nabawi) was filled with blood which even reached Holy Prophet's grave. Their horses impured the Masjid by passing urine and dung. Among the persons who killed were seven hundred people who were famous for piety and nobility. Others who were massacred consisted of ten thousand innocent men, women and children. The Syrian Yazidi commander left free the army to loot and rape. The shameless Syrian Yazidi army began the plunder and rape. Thousands of girls and women got pregnant those newborns later called "The Children of Harrah". It is narrated that Yazidi army even committed rape in Masjid un-Nabawi. A Sample Yazid's Cruelty to the People of Madinah Ibn Qutaibah in his book "Al-Imamah va Siyasah" described: "One of the army man entered a woman's house who had recently delivered a baby. Her new born baby was sucking milk in the lap of her mother. The man told that lady: Have you got money? She said: I swear God, the Syrian army did not left a single coin for me. The army man said: Bring some thing for me else I will kill you and your infant. The woman cried: Woe upon you, this is the child of Prophet's companion (sahabi). I also gave oath of allegiance to Prophet (S.A.W.) at "Shajara Allegiance", and pointing her infant told: My child, I swear God, if I have something, I will surely sacrifice upon you". Suddenly that accursed man snatched the infant's leg who was sucking milk and pulled him away from mother's lap and hit him to the wall. So that the infant's brain got scattered before her mother's eyes and spread all over the floor. The narrator said: As the accursed army man was stepping out of that house his face blackened at once. This incident became an idiom among the people of Madinah. The depth of the Harrah tragedy was so much that for along period when a man wanted to marry his daughter he was unable to give the guarantee of his daughters maidenhood. Then the Yazidi army took allegiance from the people of Madinah, to be the slaves of Yazid. It was upon his will to leave them or made them slaves. The people of Madinah though their property plundered, blood shed and their women raped and molested, all of them gave allegaince "Bayyat" to Yazid except the fourth holy Imam of the Shi'ites Imam Zainul Abedin(A.S.) . The criminal Muslim Ibn Aqbah sent slaughtered heads of the people of Madinah to Yazid at Damascus ( Syria ). As the heads were presented before Yazid he said: "I wish my forefathers who were killed in the battle of Badr would be alive and see how I took revenge with the Prophet of Islam and Muslims". The Third Dreadful Crime: The Army of Yazid Set Ablaze and Destroyed Holy Kaaba After suppressing and plundering people of Madinah, Muslim ibn Aqabah started towards Makkah to crush Abdullah ibn Zubair. Finally Hasin ibn Namir took the leadership of the Syrian Yazidi army and attacked Makkah. When Abdullah ibn Zubair took refuge in Masjid al- Haram and Kaaba, they stoned Kaaba with catapult war machine and with cloth in kerosene oil and what ever inflammable in hand, they threw upon upon so that Holy Kaaba was burnt and demolished. It is narrated that the Syrian army commander ordered to hit the Holy Kaaba daily with ten thousand stones. In the meantime as the Syrian army was attacking Holy Kaaba and destroying the holy place, Allah Almighty gave Yazid no chance and took away his life. He was still under the age of forty. Yazid in the period of only three years caliphate committed heinous crimes. In his first year of rule he martyred Sayyid ush- Shuhada Imam Husain (A.S.) and captivated his whole family. In his second year of rule allowed his army to kill, loot and transgress the chastity of women in the holy city of Madinah . In the third year of his rule he set ablaze the Holy Kaaba and demolished the holy place. The reason for the the death of Yazid some said: He was drunk so much, that while dancing fell down upon his head and died. Others said: He was killed buy a bedouin Arab in the desert. When Yazid got alone in chase of hunt, he introduced himself to Arab who got furiated and said: 'You are the murderer of Husain ibn Ali', thus the Arab killed Yazid on the spot. His body was buried in 'Bab Saghir" in Damascus . Now that place has been changed into rubbish heap. Masudi in "Muruj az-Zahab" said: Yazid used to booze openly in public on the footsteps of Pharoah (Firaun). Rather Firaun was better than Yazid. Following Yazid, his agents too started debauchery overtly before people. In the period of Yazid's caliphate singing and dancing were performed openly among people. Musical instruments were in use and alcohol was consumed freely in public. -Asif Raza asifraza13@yahoo.com

Saturday, December 08, 2007

इमाम की जियारत ZIYARAT of IMAMS

Ziyarat of Imam Ali (a.s.) the first Imam appointed by Allah Sending our peace and blessings and salaams to the commander of faithful, the lion of allah, Imam Ali (a.s)... Ziyarat of Syeda Fatima [sa] Ziyarat of Mistress of the women of this world ... (more) Added: April 28, 2007 Ziyarat of Mistress of the women of this world and the hereafter Lady Fatima [sa]. Who was described by Imam Ali [as] as the flower from the flowers of heaven. May Allah bless her soul and curse her killers and those who oppressed her. Ziyarat - Imam Hussian (as) Ziyarat of Imam Mehdi (a.s.) the awaited saviour Sending our salaams, peace and blessings to the awaited saviour, Imam Mehdi (a.s), the one who will fill the world with justice...

Save the honour of Prophet (pbuh)

A Jew lost his invaluable ring and accidentally a poor Muslim fellow found it. When this Muslim came to know that it belongs to that Jew he went to return him. The Jew smiled and asked him:"Do you know its value?" The Muslim replied:"Yes." "You found this and you are also a poor and a needy!" said the Jew. "Yes, you are right." The Muslim replied. The Jew asked,"Did it not come to your mind that by selling this ring you can live a comfortable life as you had an excuse that it belonged to a Jew?" The Muslim told him,"Why, I should have thought that way?" "So why did you return this ring to me while I was not knowing that you have found it?" Questioned the Jew. The poor Muslim replied:"We believe on the Day of Judgement. I told myself that if I do not give this ring to the owner, then during the accounting of the deeds of the people during qayamat my Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (pbuh) and your prophet Hazrat Musa (a.s.) would be sitting together and you will be complaining about this to your Prophet (a.s.) and then your Prophet (a.s.) would complain to my Prophet (pbuh) that a person belonging from your Ummah (nation) has done such an act. And at that moment my Prophet (pbuh) would not be able to answer him. I have returned this ring so that on the Day of Judgement I save the honour of my Prophet (pbuh)

पैगम्बरे इस्लाम हज़रत मुहम्मद साहिब की हदीस

पैगम्बरे इस्लाम हज़रत मुहम्मद मुस्तफ़ा सल्लल्लाहु अलैहि व आलिहि वसल्लम की अहादीस (प्रवचन) यहाँ पर अपने प्रियः आध्ययनकर्ताओं के लिए हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) के चालीस मार्ग दर्शक कथन प्रस्तुत किये जारहे हैं। 1- ज्ञान की श्रेष्ठता हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि जो व्यक्ति ज्ञान प्राप्ति के मार्ग पर चलता है अल्लाह उसके लिए स्वर्ग के मार्ग को खोल देता है। और ज्ञानी को तपस्वी पर इसी प्रकार श्रेष्ठता है जिस प्रकार पूर्णिमा के चन्द्रमा को अन्य सितारों पर। 2-ईरान वासी व धर्म हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि अगर धर्म सुरैयाँ नामक सितारे पर भी हो तो ईरान का एक पुरूष उसको प्राप्त करने के लिए वहाँ भी पहुँच जायेगा। या यह कहा कि ईरान वासी वहाँ भी पहुँच जायेंगें। 3-ईरानियों की धर्म आस्था जब पैगम्बर पर सुरा-ए- जुमा नाज़िल हुआ (उतरा) और पैगम्बर इस सुरेह को पढ़ते हुए इस आयत पर पहुँचे कि -(व आख़ीरीना मिन हुम लम्मा यलहक़ुबिहिम) तो एक व्यक्ति ने प्रश्न किया कि इस से कौन लोग मुराद हैं ? उसने अपने इस प्रश्न को कई बार दोहराया परन्तु पैगम्बर ने कोई उत्तर न दिया। उल्लेखकर्ता कहता है कि हमारे मध्य सलमाने फ़ारसी उपस्थित थे पैगम्बर ने उसका हाथ उनके काँधे पर रखा तथा कहा कि अगर धर्म सुरैयां नामक सितारे पर भी पहुँच जाये तो इसके देशवासी वहाँ भी पहुँच जायेंगे। 4-शिफ़ाअत हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि मैं क़ियामत के दिन चार समुदायों की शिफ़ाअत करूँगा। क-अपने अहलेबैत के मित्रों की ख-जिन लोगों ने विपत्ति के समय मेरे अहलेबैत की आवश्यक्ताओं की पूर्ति की होगी। ग-जो लोग दिल व जबान से मेरे अहलेबैत के मित्र रहे होंग। घ-जिन्होंने मेरे अहलेबैत की सुरक्षा की होगी। 5-कथन व कर्म हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि अल्लाह केवल उन कथनों को स्वीकार करेगा जिनके अनुसार कार्य भी किये गये होंगे। और केवल उन कथनों व कार्यों को स्वीकार करेगा जो निःस्वार्थ किये गये होंगें। तथा इन सबके अतिरिक्त यह भी कि वह सुन्नतानुसार किये गये हों। 6- नरक की आग का हराम होना हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि क्या मैं आपको उससे परिचित कराऊँ जिस पर नरक की आग हराम है? सबने उत्तर दिया कि हाँ पैगम्बर ने कहा कि जिस व्यक्ति मे गंभीरता,विन्रमता तथा दूसरों के लिए सरलता की भावना जैसे गुन पाये जायेंगे उस पर नरक की आग हराम है। 7- अत्याचारी के लक्षण हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि अत्याचारी के अन्दर चार लक्षण पाये जाते हैं। क- अपने से ऊपर वालों की अज्ञा की अवहेलना करता है। ख- अपने से नीचे वालों कों कड़ाई के साथ आदेश देता है। ग- हक़ (वास्तविक्ता) से ईर्शा रखता है। घ- खुले आम अत्याचार करता है। 8- धार्मिक ज्ञान हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि धार्मिक ज्ञान के तीन विभाग हैँ। क-आस्था से सम्बन्धित सिद्धान्तों का ज्ञान (उसूले दीन) ख-सदाचार का ज्ञान (अखलाक़) ग-धार्मिक निर्देशों का ज्ञान (फ़िक़्ह) 9-बिना ज्ञान हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि जो बिना ज्ञान के धार्मिक निर्देश देता है वह स्वंय भी मरता है तथा दूसरों को भी मारता है। 10-रोज़ेदार का सोना हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि रोज़े दार अगर सो भी जाये तो उस का सोना इबादत है। इस शर्त के साथ कि वह किसी मुस्लमान की चुगली न करे । 11-अल्लाह का मास हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि रमज़ान अल्लाह का मास है इसमे पुण्य दो गुने हो जाते हैं व पाप मिट जाते हैं। यह मास पापों के परायश्चित करने तथा मुक्ति पाने का मास है।यह मास नरक से बचने तथा स्वर्ग प्राप्त करने का मास है 12- साबिर की निशानिया( लक्षण) हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि साबिर व्यक्ति की तीन निशानियाँ (लक्षण) हैं । (1) आलस्य नही करता -क्योंकि अगर आलस्य करेगा तो हक़ को खो देगा। (2)दुखित नही होता क्योंकि अगर दुखित होगा तो अल्लाह का धन्यवाद नही कर सकेगा। (3) गिला नही करता क्योंकि गिला करना अल्लाह की अज्ञा की अवहेलना है। 13-दुर्गन्ध हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि अपने ज्ञानानुसार व्यवहार न करने वाले ज्ञानी के शरीर से नरक मे ऐसी दुर्गन्ध फैलेगी जिससे समस्त नरकवासी दुखीः हो जायेंगें। तथा सबसे बुरा नरकीय व्यक्ति वह होगा जो संसार मे दूसरों को अच्छे कार्य करने के लिए निर्देश देता था परन्तु स्वंय अच्छे कार्य नही करता था। मनुष्य उसके कहने से अच्छे कार्य करके स्वर्ग प्राप्ति मे सफल हो गये परन्तु उसे नरक मे डाल दिया गया। 14- संसारिक मोहमाया हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि अल्लाह ने दाऊद नामक नबी को संदेश दिया कि अपने और मेरे मध्य संसारिक मोह माया मे लिप्त ज्ञानीयों को वास्ता न बनाना। क्योंकि वह आपको मेरी मित्रता से दूर कर देंगें।वह मुझे प्राप्त करने वाले व्यक्तियों को मार्ग मे ही लूट लेते हैं। मैं उनके साथ सबसे छोटा व्यवहार यह करता हूँ कि उनसे अपनी इबादत के आनंद को छीन लेता हूँ। 15- परलोक का चुनाव हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि अगर तुम परलोक की अच्छाईयों व बुराईयों पर इसी प्रकार विशवास करते जिस प्रकार संसार पर विशवास रखते हो तो अपने लिए परलोक को चुन लेते। 16- चार प्रश्न हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि क़ियामत के दिन कोई भी व्यक्ति आगे नही बढ़ सकता जब तक उससे निम्ण लिखित चार प्रश्न न पूछ लियें जायें। क - अपनी आयु को किन कार्यो मे व्यतीत किया? ख- अपनी जवानी मे क्या व्यर्थ कार्य किये? ग - धन कहाँ से प्राप्त किया तथा कहाँ व्यय किया? घ - तथा आन्तिम प्रश्न मेरे अहले बैत (वंश) की मित्रता के सम्बन्ध मे किया जायेगा। 17- अल्लाह का प्रेम हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि अल्लाह अपने उस बन्दे से प्रेम करता है जो अपने कार्यों को दृढता प्रदान करता है। 18- मृत्यु हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि मनुष्य इस संसार मे सोया रहता है जब मृत्यु होती है तो जागता है। 19- सात कार्य हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि सात कार्य ऐसे हैं कि अगर कोई व्यक्ति उन मे से किसी एक को भी करे तो उस को मरने के बाद उन सातों कार्यों का बदला दिया जायेगा। वह कार्य निम्ण लिखित हैं। क- वृक्ष लगाना। ख- कुआ खोदना। ग- नहर खुदवाना। घ- मस्जिद बनवाना। ङ- कुऑन का लिखना। च- किसी ज्ञान की खोज करना। छ- ऐसी संतान छोड़ना जो उसके लिए परायश्चित करे। 20-प्रसन्नता हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि प्रसन्नता है उस व्यक्ति के लिए जिसके स्वंय के पाप उसको अपने दूसरे ईमानदार भाईयों के पापों को प्रकट करने से रोकते हों। प्रसन्नता है उस व्यक्ति के लिए जो दानशील हो तथा खर्च से अधिक देता हो और अपने आप को व्यर्थ बोलने व व्यर्थ कार्यों से रोकता हो। 21-आले मुहम्मद(पैगम्बर का वंश) की मित्रता हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि----- क - जो व्यक्ति आले मुहम्मद से प्रेम करता हुआ मरा वह शहीद है। ख - जान लो कि जो व्यक्ति आले मुहम्मद से प्रेम करता हुआ मरा वह क्षमा किया हुआ मरा। ग - जान लो कि जो आले मुहम्मद से प्रेम करता हुआ मरा वह परायश्चित किया हुआ मरा। घ - जान लो कि जो आले मुहम्मद से प्रेमं करता हुआ मरा वह अपने पूर्ण ईमान के साथ मरा। ङ - जान लो कि जो आले मुहम्मद से ईर्शा करता हुआ मरा क़ियामत के दिन उसके माथे पर लिखा होगा कि यह अल्लाह की दया व कृपा से निराश व हताश है। च - जान लो कि जो आले मुहम्मद से ईर्शा करता हुआ मरा वह स्वर्ग की सुगन्ध भी नही पासकता।(अर्थात वह स्वर्ग मे नही जासकता) 22-नरकीय स्त्री हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि अपने पति को बुरा भला कहने वाली स्त्री जब तक अपने पति को प्रसन्न न करले अल्लाह उसके परायश्चित के रूप मे किसी भी कार्य को स्वीकार नही करेगा।। चाहे वह पूरे दिन रोज़ा रखे तथा पूरी रात्री इबादत ही क्यों न करे। तथा सर्व प्रथम ऐसी ही स्त्री को नरक मे डाला जायेगा। और इसी प्रकार का व्यवहार उन पुरूष के साथ किया जायेगा जो अपनी पत्नी पर अत्याचार करते हैं। 23-बुरी स्त्री हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि ऐसी स्त्रीयों का कोई भी पुण्य स्वीकार नही किया जायेगा जो अपने पति का सत्कार नही करतीं व उनको ऐसे कार्यों के लिए बाध्य करती हैं जिसकी वह सामर्थ्य नही रखते। तथा जब वह अल्लाह के सम्मुख जायेगीं तो उसके क्रोध का सामना करेगीं। 24-अकारण की गई हत्या हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि क़ियामत के दिन सर्व प्रथम अकारण की गई हत्याओं की सुनवाई होगी। 25-नरकीय स्त्रीयाँ हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि शबे मेराज(वह रात्री जिस मे पैगम्बर आकाशों की यात्रा पर गये) मैंने नरक मे एक स्त्री को देखा जिसको दण्डित किया जारहा था। मैंने उसके अपराध के बारे मे प्रश्न किया तो बताया गया कि इसने एक बिल्ली को बांध कर रखा और उसको खाने पीने के लिए कुछ नही दिया जिस कारण वह भूखी मर गयी। इसी कारण इस को दण्डित किया जा रहा है। इसके बाद मैने सवर्ग मे एक ऐसी स्त्री को देखा जो संसार मे पापों मे लिप्त थी। मैंने उसके स्वर्ग मे आने के कारण को पूछा तो बताया गया कि एक बार यह एक ऐसे कुत्ते के पास से गुज़री जिस की जीभ प्यास के कारण बाहर निकली हुई थी। इस ने कपड़े को उतार कर कुएं मे डाल कर भिगोया तथा फिर उसको कुत्ते के मुहँ मे निचौड़ कर उसकी प्यास बुझाई इसी कारण इसके समस्त पाप क्षमा कर दिये गये। 26-मनुष्यों की इबादत हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि क़ियामत के दिन समस्त मनुष्य यह आवाज़ सुनेंगें कि कहाँ हैं वह लोग जो मनुष्यों की इबादत करते थे। उठो और उन से अपने कार्यों का बदला ले लो क्योंकि अल्लाह उस कार्य को स्वीकार नही करता जो संसार व संसार वासियों के लिए किया गया हो। 27-संसारिक मोह माया हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि क़ियामत के दिन जब एक समुदाय हिसाब किताब के लिए लाया जायेगा तो उनके पुण्य पहाड़ के समान होंगें परन्तु आदेश दिया जायेगा कि इनको नरक मे डाल दो। पैगम्बर के साथी प्रश्न करेंगे कि क्या यह नमाज़ नही पढ़ते थे? पैगम्बर उत्तर देंगें कि यह लोग नमाज़ भी पढ़ते थे तथा रोज़ा भी रखते थे और रात्री के समय भी इबादत करते थे परन्तु इनके दिलो मे संसारिक मोह माया थी तथा सदैव उसको प्राप्त करने के लिए तत्पर रहते थे। 28-जिससे प्रेम किया हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि क़ियामत के दिन प्रत्येक व्यक्ति उसके साथ होगा जिससे वह संसार मे प्रेम करता था। 29-अली से मित्रता हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि अगर कोई यह चाहे कि मेरे साथ जीवन यापन करे मेरे साथ मरे तथा स्वर्ग के बाग मे स्थान प्राप्त करे तो उसको चाहिए कि मेरे बाद आदरनीय अली व उनके मित्रों से मित्रता करे। तथा मेरे बाद मेरे वंश के लोगों का अनुसरण करे क्योंकि वह दार्शनिक व ज्ञानी हैं तथा उनमे मेरा स्वभव पाया जाता है।और धिक्कार है ऐसे लोगों पर जो उनकी श्रेष्ठता को स्वीकार न करे व उनसे मेरे सम्बन्ध को काट दे। अल्लाह ऐसे व्यक्तियों को मेरी शफाअत प्राप्त न होने देगा। 30-अली से प्रेम हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि मुझे नबी बनाने वाले की सौगन्ध अगर तुम्हारे दिलों मे अली का प्रेम न हुआ तो पहाड़ के समान भी पुण्य लेकर परलोक मे जाओगे तो नरक मे डाल दिये जाओगे। 31-बीमारी हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि जब कोई मुसलमान बीमार होता है तो अल्लाह उसके हिसाब मे उन समस्त पुण्यों को लिख देता है जो वह स्वास्थय की अवस्था मे करता था। तथा उसके सब पाप इस तरह समाप्त हो जातें हैं जैसे वृक्ष से सूखे पत्ते गिर जाते हैं 32-मुसलमान नही है हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि जो व्यक्ति सुबह उठ कर मुसलमानों के कार्यों के बारे मे विचार न करे या किसी साहयता माँग रहे मुसलमान की साहयता न करे तो वह मुसलमान नही है। 33-ईरानीयों का अन्त ईरानीयों के एक मुसलमान दूत ने पैगम्बर से सवाल किया कि हम ईरानियों का अन्त किस के साथ होगा? पैगम्बर ने उत्तर दिया कि तुम लोग हम मे से हो तथा तुम लोगों का अन्त मेरे व मेरे परिवार के साथ होगा। इब्ने हश्शाम नामक एक एक इतिहासकार ने उल्लेख किया है। कि यही वह समय था जब पैगम्बर ने कहा था कि सलमान हमारे अहलेबैत मे से है। -- 34-विश्वासघात हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि अगर कोई मुसलमान यह जानते हुए भी कि मुसलमानों के मध्य मुझ से श्रेष्ठ मौजूद हैं, अपने आप को आगे बढ़ाये तो ऐसा है जैसे उसने अल्लाह, पैगम्बर तथा समस्त मुसलमानों से विश्वासघात किया हो। 35-अल्लाह के मार्ग पर लाना हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने हज़रत अली अलैहिस्सलाम से कहा कि अगर आपके द्वारा एक व्यक्ति भी अल्लाह के रास्ते पर आगया तो वह इस से अधिक अच्छा है कि आप पूरे संसार पर शसन करें। 36-दुआ स्वीकार नही होगी हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि मानव पर एक ऐसा समय आयेगा कि वह संसारिक मोहमाया मे फस जायेंगें। बाहर से वह नेक लगेगें परन्तु भीतर से दुष्ट होगें वह अल्लाह के प्रति अपने प्रेम को प्रकट नही करेगें उनका धर्म केवल दिखावे के लिए होगा। उनके दिलों मे नाम मात्र को भी अल्लाह का भय न होगा। अल्लाह ऐसे लोंगों को कठोर दण्ड देगा और अगर वह डूबते व्यक्ति के समान भी दुआ करेगें तो उनकी दुआ स्वीकार नही होगी। 37-अबूज़र हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि आकाश व पृथ्वी के मध्य अबुज़र(पैगम्बरके एक साथी का नाम) से सत्य कोई नही है। 38-ज्ञानी बुद्धिजीवि व दरिद्र हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि ज्ञानियों से प्रश्न करो बुद्धिजीवियों से बातें करो तथा दरिद्रों के साथ बैठो। 39-हाथोँ का चूमना एक व्यक्ति ने हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) के हाथ चूमने की चेष्टा की तो पैगम्बर ने अपने हाथों को पीछे की ओर खींच लिया। तथा कहा कि अजमवासी (अरब के अलावा पूरा संसार) यह व्यवहार अपने राजाओं के साथ करते हैं। मैं राजा नही हूँ मैं तो आप ही मे से एक व्यक्ति हूँ। 40-पड़ोसी का भूका होना हज़रत पैगम्बरे इस्लाम (स.) ने कहा कि जो व्यक्ति भोजन करके सोये इस स्थिति मे कि उसका पड़ोसी भूका हो तथा इसी प्रकार उस बस्ती के वासी जिस मे कुछ लोग भूखे हों तथा शेष भोजन करके सोजायें वह मुझ पर ईमान नही लाये। तथा क़ियामत के दिन अल्लाह ऐसे व्यक्तियों पर दया नही करेगा।

JOBS जोब्स JOBS जोब्स JOBS जोब्स JOBS जोब्स

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem 786/92/110 PRAISE BE TO ALLAH(S.W.T), LORD OF THE WORLDS, AND PEACE AND BENEDICTION BE WITH OUR MASTER(A.T.F.S), MOHAMMED(P.B.U.H) AND HIS PURE PROGENY. Salam, Please find below email regarding vacancies of professionally qualified engineers in SABIC, Saudi Arabia. Iltemas-e-dua Bobber Ali Khan As received. Now SABIC is the best Pay Master (#1) in the kingdom + three months salary as BONUS + Perks. ____________________________________________________________________ Dear Brothers in Islam, This is Salahuddin Siddiqui, from Ibn Zahr, SABIC, Jubail, Saudi Arabia ..... I would like to inform you that my company is looking for Muslim Engineers from all branches ( Mech / Electrical/ Instrument/ Chemical etc) having experience in engineering / project / Maintenance / operation / reliability including designers also. If any of your professionally qualified Muslim friends / known is interested to come to Saudi, then send me his resume to my email id : amirhaq@hotmail.com , I will forward it and follow up. Please also circulate this message to all of your Muslim friends in your circle and ask them or forward any such reserve Bio data from your data bank for the candidates who are interested in Saudi jobs, to me at my email address: [EMAIL PROTECTED] It is a very good opportunity my company is one of the largest Engineer consulting companies in Saudi. The requirement is very urgent so take the action immediately; it will help many of our brothers in Islam. Salahuddin siddiqui Electrical Engineer SABIC (IBNZAHR) Saudi Arabia . amirhaq@hotmail.com

Thursday, December 06, 2007

A 9 / 11 Truth

Ex-Italian President: Intel Agencies Know 9/11 An Inside Job - Man who blew the whistle on Gladio tells Italy's largest newspaper 9/11 attacks were run by CIA and Mossad. Operation Gladio carried out what they coined "false flag operations" INFOWARS - Wed, 05 Dec 2007 Former Italian President and the man who revealed the existence of Operation Gladio Francesco Cossiga has gone public on 9/11, telling Italy's most respected newspaper that the attacks were run by the CIA and Mossad and that this was common knowledge amongst global intelligence agencies. Cossiga's tendency to be outspoken upset the Italian political establishment and he was forced to resign after revealing the existence of, and his part in setting up, Operation Gladio - a rogue intelligence network under NATO auspices that carried out bombings across Europe in the 60's, 70's and 80's. Gladio's specialty was to carry out what they coined "false flag operations," terror attacks that were blamed on their domestic and geopolitical opposition. Cossiga's revelations contributed to an Italian parliamentary investigation of Gladio in 2000, during which evidence was unearthed that the attacks were being overseen by the U.S. intelligence apparatus. In March 2001, Gladio agent Vincenzo Vinciguerra stated, in sworn testimony, "You had to attack civilians, the people, women, children, innocent people, unknown people far removed from any political game. The reason was quite simple: to force ... the public to turn to the state to ask for greater security." Cossiga's tendency to be outspoken upset the Italian political establishment and he was forced to resign after revealing the existence of, and his part in setting up, Operation Gladio - a rogue intelligence network under NATO auspices that carried out bombings across Europe in the 60's, 70's and 80's. Coming from a widely respected former head of state, Cossiga's assertion that the 9/11 attacks were an inside job and that this is common knowledge amongst global intelligence agencies is highly unlikely to be mentioned by any establishment media outlets, because like the hundreds of other sober ex-government, military, air force professionals, allied to hundreds more professors and intellectuals - he can't be sidelined as a crackpot conspiracy theorist. From www.SpideredNews.com THE PROPAGANDA MODEL: AN OVERVIEW MEDIALENS - Wed, 05 Dec 2007 ** Linked here in light of the lack of mass media coverage of the major story that "Ex-Italian President said Intel Agencies Know 9/11 An Inside Job" ** In their 1988 book 'Manufacturing Consent - The Political Economy of the Mass Media', Edward Herman and Noam Chomsky introduced their 'propaganda model' of the media. The propaganda model argues that there are 5 classes of 'filters' in society which determine what is 'news'; in other words, what gets printed in newspapers or broadcast by radio and television. Herman and Chomsky's model also explains how dissent from the mainstream is given little, or zero, coverage, while governments and big business gain easy access to the public in order to convey their state-corporate messages - for example, 'free trade is beneficial, 'globalisation is unstoppable' and 'our policies are tackling poverty'. From www.SpideredNews.com

ANGER

1.ALLAH revealed to H.Dawood (a.s.) : My servants remember me in his anger then I will remember him On the day of qayamat when all the creatuers will be gathered 2.Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) Says : Anger is whisperation (was wasaq) from shaitan

A MUST WATCH VIDEO

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem 786/92/110 PEACE AND BLESSINGS BE UPON OUR HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMAD AND HIS PURE PROGENY Salam, This is our small contribution in the mission of spreading the message of Imam Hussain (AS) and Sayyeda Zainab (SA). Khudaya Hum Sab Ko Imam-E-Zamana ( a.t.f.s) Ke Ansar Mein Shamil Farma (Ameen) Imam-E-Zamana ( a.t.f.s) Helpline Committee (India/Chennai/Royepettah) REPENT AND DO GOOD DEEDS, BEFORE IT'S TOO LATE... Iltemas-e-dua: Zeeshan Syed

Education is foremost priorities of Indian Muslims

Maulana Kalbe Sadiq, one of India's leading Shia Muslim scholars, is the Vice-President of the All-India Muslim Personal law Board (AIMPLB). He has a Ph.D. in Arabic from Lucknow University and runs a chain of schools and colleges in Uttar Pradesh. In this interview with Yoginder Sikand, he talks about his vision for the Muslims of India and reflects on crucial international developments. Q: While being a religious scholar (alim), you are also engaged in promoting modern education among Muslims. What role do you feel the ulema should play in the field of education? A: I think one of the most crucial challenges facing the Muslims of India is that of education. We must make that one of our foremost priorities. There may be some ulema who do not recognize the importance of modern education, but, increasingly, the ulema, both Shia as well as Sunni, are realizing it. Imam Ali, the son-in-law of the Prophet, said that he who doesn't know about something, he becomes its enemy. Likewise, there may be some maulvis who know nothing about modern education or science and, therefore, oppose it. However, these are increasingly becoming a smaller minority. But on the other hand, this saying of Imam Ali also applies to those who have `modern' knowledge but know nothing about religion, and so they also begin to oppose it or neglect it, thinking that it is a sign of `backwardness'. Personally, I see myself as in between these two extremes. I feel that our survival depends critically on excellence in modern education. But I also stress the importance of religious knowledge. Through science and technology you can control the world, but true religion means control over oneself, one's soul. And so you find big scientists spending their lives inventing machines to destroy human beings because they have no faith in God. So, I keep stressing, what we need is both `modern' as well as religious education. The Sachar Commission report has brought out the fact that Muslims are behind even Dalits in terms of education and in many other fields. Hence, my appeal to Muslims is, for God's sake, open your eyes. This time is not for building palatial mosques, but, instead, for using our resources for setting up schools, colleges, polytechnics and research institutes. I also say that much of what is being taught in the name of religion has nothing top do with true religion or spirituality. True religion inheres in values, not just rituals. But, unfortunately, much of what is imparted in the name of religious education is ritualism, without the foundational values of true religion. Q: What do you feel about the government's proposals for intervening in the madrasas in the name of `reform'? A: Muslim opinion on this is divided. Some Muslims favour this and others oppose it. So, I can't really give any opinion on the matter. But the point is that merely installing two or three computers in a madrasa and teaching basic English and mathematics will not lead to any substantial change. Madrasas need to change their basic approach. They need to adopt modern ways of approaching a host of issues. We urgently need to exercise creative reflection (ijtihad) in order to meet contemporary challenges. Q: In the Jafari Shia school of jurisprudence, which you represent, ijtihad is allowed for, while many Sunni ulema argue to the contrary. What do you have to say about this? A: Yes, in our school ijtihad has always been open, so our leading clerics or mujtahids are able to creatively respond to contemporary issues through ijtihad. But even among Sunni scholars today many are calling for the `gates of ijtihad' to be re-opened. This will probably happen soon, if not today, then tomorrow, because it is not possible to have a stagnant jurisprudence (fiqh) for a constantly and rapidly changing world. Q: In India today, a growing number of ulema are setting up `modern' schools, which provide both `modern' as well as Islamic education. How do you see this? A: I think it is a very positive development. However, many of these schools are of mediocre standard. A person should do what he or she is trained for or capable of. But many of the ulema who run these schools seek to tightly control them even though they do not have any `modern' education themselves. This, I think, is wrong, and only results in poor standards. In my own case, I have been associated with the setting up of numerous schools and colleges, and even a medical college in Lucknow, but I have left the management of these institutions to a professional team and do not interfere in their day-to-day functioning. Unfortunately, many top-ranking mullahs who control institutions are victims of enormous egoism and that is why they want to treat their institutions like their own private properties. Q: Muslim education, in India and elsewhere, is characterized by an extreme dualism, between the ulema of the madrasas, on the one hand, and the `modern' educated middle class, on the other hand. How can this dualism be bridged? A: Rather than term it as dualism, I would prefer to see this as representing two channels of education. Only if and when these two channels meet can our woeful educational conditions really change. At present, there is hardly any communication between the two groups, as a result of which there are great apprehensions, misgivings and misunderstandings on both sides. We must appreciate the good points in both systems of education and seek to bring them together. For this, too, we need to take recourse to ijtihad so that our approach, in the field of education, as elsewhere, is based on the ethical values of Islam, rather than on empty ritualism. Imam Ali told his son, Hazrat Muhammad bin Hanafiya, that when one goes to some other land one should not isolate oneself. He advised that one should abide by one's values and yet adopt the good things that one finds among the people one lives with. So, in the field of education, as in other fields, Muslims should take good things from others and there is nothing wrong with that. Q: What do you think the state should do for Muslim education? A: Muslims expect a lot from the government, but the government is so corrupt. We don't have real democracy in India. Real democracy means the protection of the rights of the minorities, not brute majoritarian rule. But, sadly, in India minorities are not given their due. But then, expecting that the government alone should shoulder the responsibility of solving Muslims' educational problems is asking for something that even God does not allow for. In the Holy Quran God says that He does not change the conditions of a people unless they make efforts to change these themselves. So, those Muslims who demand that the government should change its policies but are themselves unwilling to change or to do anything positive and constructive for the community are living in a fool's paradise. In other words, Muslims have to take the initiative themselves, while, of course, the government also has to abide by its duties. Unless Muslims themselves make efforts to promote education in the community nothing is going to change. Q: What role do you feel the ulema could or should play in promoting inter-sectarian and inter-communal harmony in India? A: I think that in this regard their first responsibility is to refrain from inciting Muslims to take to violence under any condition. They must also seek to promote dialogue and unity between the different Muslim sects. In this they must focus on the things that the different Muslim sects share in common—which, if I have to quantify it, would be over 97%–and refrain from using the 3% things on which they differ in order to divide them. As for inter-religious dialogue, I think the Muslim ulema and religious scholars from other religious traditions need to take it up with great seriousness and urgency. This is the only way to solve inter-community disputes. I have read about other religions and have come to the conclusion that while they differ in matters of ritual, if one goes to their core and studies them in-depth, one finds that many of them share the same spiritual basis. We need to build on that shared spirituality. Q: What efforts are being made to promote inter-sectarian dialogue, especially between Shias and Sunnis? A: Although this is very important, in India there are no organized efforts to promote inter-sectarian dialogue between the ulema of different sects. I think this is really very unfortunate. However, despite this, the demand for dialogue and unity is being voiced from various quarters, although some extremist, false mullahs might oppose this. In India, groups like the Jamaat-e Islami, the All-India Muslim Personal law Board and the Milli Council have repeatedly stressed the need for unity between the different Muslim sects. Q: What about efforts to promote Shia-Sunni dialogue in other countries? A: In Pakistan, a Deobandi scholar, Maulana Ishad Madani, recently challenged anyone who can justify the denial of the need for Sunni-Shia dialogue. A leading Indian Deobandi scholar, Maulana Khalid Saifullah Rahmani, recently wrote a wonderful article stressing the need for Shia-Sunni unity and dialogue. In Iran several efforts are being made in this regard. For instance, every year the Iranian government celebrates the `Unity Week' (hafta-e wahdat), and invites Sunni and Shia ulema and activists from different countries to participate together and to stress Muslim unity. Q: But some hardliner Sunnis would argue that this is not a sincere effort and would claim that this is a `pretence', referring to the Shia notion of taqiyya or dissimulation. A: Let these critics say what they want. But I know that the government of Iran is indeed serious about this. After all, in Iran, where Shias are an overwhelming majority and Sunnis a small minority, there is no Shia-Sunni problem. Likewise, in Iraq, where Shias account for 65% of the population, although fringe groups like Al-Qaeda are targeting Shias and their holy sites, the Iraqi Shia religious leadership has constantly warned the Shias against falling into the American trap by retaliating against the Sunnis. They have stressed the need for Iraqi Shias and Sunnis to be united and stand up against the American occupying forces. This is surely a sign of a very great and mature leadership. America is trying to set Sunnis and Shias against each other in Iraq and elsewhere, and Muslims should see through this sinister game. Q: What role has the All-India Muslim Personal Law Board, of which you are the Vice-President, played in promoting Shia-Sunni dialogue? A: The issue of Shia-Sunni dialogue is not within the purview of the Board, whose focus is only the 1937 Shariat Application Act. However, the fact that Shias and Sunnis have representatives on the Board is itself of considerable significance. But, still, I do feel the need for an organized forum here in India, as well as elsewhere, to bring the ulema of the different Muslim sects together. We should move away from the past and think of our common future. It is pointless talking about what happened between Shias and Sunis in the past. What's happened has happened, and that we cannot change. But we can build a better common future if we work together. Instead of thinking of the welfare of just our own sects, we should think in terms of general Muslim welfare and interests. Q: In Lucknow, where you live and work, there have been cases of conflict between Shias and Sunnis. What role have local Shia and Sunni ulema played in defusing this tension? Do they visit each other's institutions and madrasas to exchange views? A: There is a tremendous communication gap between the ulema of the different Muslim sects here. I think I must be one of the only ulema in Lucknow who visit the institutions of other sects. I have visited the Nadwat ul-Ulema, a leading Sunni madrasa in Lucknow, several times and have interacted with students and teachers there in a very friendly atmosphere. I have visited another major Sunni madrasa in Uttar Pradesh, the Madrasat ul-Islah in Sarai Mir, in Azamgarh, a couple of times. I was also invited to the Ahl-e Hadith mosque in Malerkotla, Punjab, where I delivered three lectures, which were well received. I have good contacts with leading Sunni ulema. Q: Some extreme anti-Shia groups, such as some official Saudi Wahhabi ulema, have gone to the extent of claiming that Shias are non-Muslims. How do statements like these impact on efforts to promote Shia-Sunni dialogue and unity? A: The Saudi government is a slave of the United States. It instigates these mullahs to issue such fatwas against the Shias in order to protect its own interests as well as that of America. Some Saudi mullahs have declared that Muslim holy shrines in Iran and Iraq, which the Shias particularly revere, should be bombed. Likewise, Tom Tancredo, the US Republican Party's presidential hopeful, recently announced that America should, if need be, bomb the Muslim shrines in Makkah and Madinah, which all Muslims hold in great regard. You can see how the perverted logic of both is the same. I would appeal to all Muslims, Sunnis as well as Shias, to see through this game and not fall into efforts to divide them. Q: In your speeches, you constantly refer to the need for the ulema to be more socially engaged. You yourself are engaged in a number of community projects, especially in the field of education. What role do you envisage for the ulema in this regard? A: The Holy Quran tells us to leave aside those things that don't give any benefit to people. So, we need to develop a socially engaged understanding of Islam that enables us to help people in concrete ways. Otherwise, the youth will ask us why we are building fancy mosques but doing nothing for the poor, when the essence of Islam is to help those in need. This means that the ulema must be more socially engaged than they presently are.. They must come out of their mosques, madrasas and khanqahs and move among the masses, understand their economic and social problems and seek to solve them in practical terms. They must raise their voice against oppression, no matter what the religion of the oppressor is. However, unfortunately, most ulema have forgotten this responsibility and restrict themselves to leading prayers and giving fatwas. Q: You, along with some associates, have recently taken over the management of the Urdu daily Aag. What do you have to say about the Indian Muslim media, particularly in the light of your own experiences in this field? A: The Indian Muslim media is not very effective. There is no electronic Muslim media, besides one or two religious channels. The Urdu print media leaves much to be desired. Urdu papers tend to focus on emotional issues, ignoring positive news and developments. If many of our Urdu editors are ignorant and not well-educated, what else can you expect? Now this sort of emotional rhetoric can, of course, boost their sales but it will have a very negative impact on the future Muslim generations. After all, our problems can be solved only through dialogue and wisdom, not through emotional sloganeering. Further, much of the Muslim media is obsessed with the past, wallowing in the past Muslim glory. Through Aag, we want to steer a new course in Urdu journalism, focusing more on positive and constructive issues, and staying clearly away from empty emotionalism. In a few months' time since we took over Aag, it has become the single largest circulated Urdu paper in Lucknow and we hope to launch a Delhi edition soon, too. Q: You yourself have studied in leading madrasas in Lucknow, the Madrasat ul-Waizin and the Madrasa Nazmiya. How do you see the increasing attacks on madrasas in the media today? A: I can say with full confidence that no madrasa in India, whether Shia or Sunni, is engaged in providing any sort of terrorist training. There are indeed some in Pakistan that are doing this, but this does not apply to India at all. I think this talk of Indian madrasas being allegedly engaged in promoting terrorism has been deliberately engineered by communal parties and outfits. These groups do not want to see the truth, so even if we try to explain the reality of the madrasas to them, they will not listen or cease their anti-madrasa propaganda. I think they are deliberately doing this so that Muslims devote all their attention to defending madrasas, thus leaving them no breathing space to focus on modern education. It is a means, actually, to perpetuate Muslim educational marginalisation. Our madrasas are open for all to see. They impart the message of humanity, not terrorism. Anyone can come to the madrasas and see this for oneself. And in the case of the Shia madrasas, I can confidently say that we give equal stress on worship of God and the service of God's creatures. Shias believe that you cannot, under any condition, give up your own life unless it is to save the life of an innocent person, irrespective of her or his religion. Q: What do you have to say about the demonisation of madrasas in the Western media? A: This is part of the larger Western design to demonise Islam. The West needs an enemy to survive, to seek an excuse for its imperialistic offensives. And if such an enemy does not really exist, it has to conjure up a ghost and use it to scare people. So, following the collapse of communism, the West and Zionist forces, desperately searching for an enemy, decided to project Muslims as the new foe. They began claiming that Islam presents a danger to the world and in this way sought to create hatred against Islam and its adherents. And while their are terrorists among Christians, Jews and Hindus as well, the media only refers to Muslims when it talks of terrorism. This is part of a well-planned strategy. We must be dispassionate when discussing the issue of violence in many Muslim countries. The West needs to look at the causes of this unrest. Address and remove the basic causes if you are seriously interested in solving the problem. In fact, it is primarily the West, and its client state, Israel, that have created conditions for this unrest. The oppression and denial of the rights of the Palestinians, the invasion of Iraq and so on—all these have naturally created conditions of unrest among Muslims, who wish to retaliate. After all, even if you pinch a little ant, it seeks to defend itself by biting back. Q: Since you refer to Iraq, what are your views about sectarian conflicts raging there, between Shias and Sunnis? A: This sort of thing never existed in Iraq before the American invasion. There was never any sort of terrorism there before the Americans invaded. My mother was from Iraq and I know the country and its people well. There was never any Shia-Sunni problem in Iraq, and even though Shias are in a majority there relations between Shia and Sunni Iraqis were cordial. It is true that Saddam persecuted Shia leaders and arranged for many of them to be killed, but he also persecuted many Sunnis and caused their deaths, too. Before the Americans invaded, Iraqis rarely thought of themselves as Shias and Sunnis or as rivals on the basis of sect. There was never any communal riot there. All this started and flared up after the Americans invaded Iraq in the name of bringing `peace' and `democracy' to that country. And I think the Americans are deliberately trying to stoke sectarian rivalry in Iraq and prolong the civil war so that they can divide and rule. Q: Some Muslims argue that America is anti-Islam or anti-Muslim, and see its invasion of Iraq, among other developments, as proof of this. Do you agree? A: One has to distinguish between the American people and the current American government. I am not saying that all Americans are anti-Islam. This is not true. However, the Bush administration certainly is anti-Islam. This owes, in large measure, to the power of the Zionist lobby in America. Pro-Zionist Jews control large banks, many industries and much of the media in America, and if they leave America, the country will collapse. And it is this lobby, in addition to the extreme right-wing Christian lobby, that is behind the clearly anti-Islamic and anti-Muslim policies of the Bush government. On the other hand, I must also say that many Americans are indeed open-minded. However, they are easily swayed by the media, and the dominant Western media, as I mentioned earlier, has a vested interest in whipping up anti-Muslim hatred. I strongly believe that if we are able to reach out to the American people with the truth, many of them will indeed listen to us and will also agree with us. Q: There is much talk now of America allegedly planning to attack Iran. What do you think the Iranian, or general Shia, response would be if this happens? A: I don't think the Americans will be so foolish. Hizbullah taught the Americans and the American-backed Israeli army a fitting lesson in the defeat it inflicted on the Israelis in Lebanon. The Shias are a different people. We are not terrorists but we will not run away if challenged. The Americans managed to get some traitors in Iraq to collaborate with them. The history of Iraq is full of tales of such betrayal and intrigue. But in Iran things are very different. All Iranians, even those who have differences with the regime, will solidly unite to oppose any American aggression. And the price of an American attack will be borne not just by America but also by its client regime, Israel.